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NIH LIBRARY 



BASIC 
DATA 

ELATING TO THE 



NATIONAL 

INSTITUTES 

OF HEALTH 

1975 



PRINTED IN LIMITED QUANTITY FOR ADMINISTRATIVE USE 

Prepared by the staffs of the 

Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

and the 

Division of Research Grants 

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
February 1975 



OHEW 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE 



EDI 


JDAMHA 


CDC 



HSA NIH HRA 



NATIONAL INSTITUTES 



NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE NATIONAL HEART ( LUNG INSTITUTE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE 



RESEARCH t SUPPORT DIVISIONS 



FOREWORD 

3asic Data Relating to the National Institutes of Health has been published annually since 1961. Single copies of the 
:urrent issue are available at NIH information offices for administrative use. 

Data are derived from NIH records and studies unless otherwise noted. The Special Projects Branch, DLA-OPPE, plans, 
sd its, and publishes. The Division of Resources Analysis, OPPE, develops the data on national support for health R&D 
from annual surveys and other sources. The Statistics and Analysis Branch, DRG, compiles the data on NIH awards. 
[See "Abbreviations.") 

Programs that have been transferred out of NIH — NIMH, DRMP, DBS, BHME, etc. - are excluded from all data except 
national and Federal time series. The NIMH portion of GRS grants, administered by DRR, is included unless noted. See 
:he chronology for major organizational changes. 

Funds withheld in FY 1973 and released for use in 1974 are reflected in 1974 award and obligation data. All award 
data exclude scientific evaluation grants. Supplemental awards, unless noted, are combined with their parent awards 
when made from the same fiscal-year funds and are always excluded from numbers of fellowships. R&D contracts 
nclude NLM technical-development contracts. DRR, though located in BHME from 4/68 to 9/70, is always included 
with the institutes and research divisions. 

Differences between "awards" and "obligations" are due to differences in treatment of certain items (footnoted) and in 
accounting by the data sources. Details may not add exactly to totals because of rounding. 

W. T. Carrigan, editor (49-64591) 



CONTENTS 

NIH in the National Health Scene 

Page 

Health R & D as a Proportion of Total Health Cost, U.S., 1964 and 1974 Est. (Chart) 1 

National Health Expenditures by Selected Categories and Source of Funds, 1964-74 Est. (Chart) 2 

Health R & D as a Proportion of Total R&D Cost, U.S., 1964 and 1974 Est. (Chart) 3 I 

Support of Health R & D by Source of Funds, U.S., 1964-74 Est. (Chart) 4 

National Support for Health Research and Development, by Source and by Performer, 1950-74 Est 5 

NIH Funds as a Proportion of Nation's Health R&D, Est. 1974 and 1975 (Chart) 6 

Federal Obligations for Health Research and Development by Agency, 1950-74 Est 7 

NIH in FY 1974 Funded . . . (Chart: NIH as a % of 1974 Federal Support of R & D) 8 

NIH Funds Obligated for Research and Development, 1955-74 (Chart) 9 

NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

Consolidated Appropriations by Funding Mechanism, 1963-74 10 

Obligated Funds by Function, 1955-75 Est. (Chart) 12 

Consolidated Obligations by Funding Mechanism, 1968-75 Est 13 

Actual Obligations by Funding Mechanism, 1974: Institutes and Research Divisions 15 

Actual Obligations by Funding Mechanism, 1974: National Library of Medicine 16 



NIH Awards 

Awards by Funding Mechanism, 1963-74 17 

NLM Awards by Funding Mechanism, 1968-74 18 

Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, 1974 19 

Awards by Geographic Location and Funding Mechanism, 1974 20 

Awards by Performer and Funding Mechanism, 1974 23 

Awards to Domestic Institutions of Higher Education by Major Component and Funding Mechanism, 1974 25 

Extramural Awards for R & D and Their Percent Distribution, 1967-74 (Chart) 27 

Research Grants by Funding Mechanism, 1967-74 (Chart) 28 

Research Grants by Type, 1967-74 (Chart) 29 

Research Project Grants by Type, 1967-74 (Chart) 30 

Program Project and Center Grants by Type, 1967-74 (Chart) 31 

Research Grants by Funding Mechanism and Type, 1974 32 

Research Grants by N IH Component and Type, 1974 33 

Research Grants by Funding Mechanism and NIH Component, 1974 34 

Research Project Grants and R&D Contracts, by Scientific Discipline or Field, 1973 and 1974 36 

Competing Research Grant Applications Reviewed, Recommended for Approval, and Awarded, 1964-74 (Chart) . . 38 
Council-Approved Rates and Award Rates for Competing Research Grant Applications 

by NIH Component, 1970, 1972 & 1974 39 

Research Fellowships, and Trainees Under Research Training Grants, by Field of Interest and Academic Level, 1974 40 



Number of Research Fellowships by NIH Component and Academic Level, 1970-74 42 

Number of Trainees Under Research Training Grants by NIH Component and Academic Level'/l 970-74 ' '.'.'.'. .' ' .' ' .' 43 

NIH Staff, November 30, 1974 

Occupational and Functional Distribution of Personnel (Chart) 

Occupational Distribution of Personnel 

Functional Distribution of Personnel 

Professional Staff (Chart) 46 

Professional Staff with Doctorate Degrees, by Type of Doctorate and Discipline . . . . . . . ' .' .' ........ ' .' [ 43 



History and Abbreviations 

53 ( 



Chronology of Important Events in the Development of NIH Programs 

Abbreviations 



Outline of Contents by Page 

55 



HEALTH R & D AS A PROPORTION OF TOTAL HEALTH COST 

UNITED STATES. 1964 AND 1974 EST. 



TOTAL HEALTH COST 




NATIONAL HEALTH COST. 1974 EST. 
(IN BILLIONS) 

TOTAL S1058 

HOSPITAL & NURSING-HOME CARE 48 3 

PHYSICIANS'. DENTISTS'. AND OTHER 

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 27.2 

DRUGS, APPLIANCES & OTHER EXPENSES 21.6 

CONSTRUCTION 4.4 

RESEARCH 4 3 



HEALTH RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT 

$1.7 BILLION -4.6% OF 1964 TOTAL HEALTH COST 



$4.3 BILLION -4% OF 1974 
TOTAL HEALTH COST 




SOURCES SOCIAL SECURITY BULLETIN. VOL 38, NO. 2. FEBRUARY 1975 

WITH ADJUSTMENT OF R&D. AND THEREFORE OF TOTALS, TO CONFORM WITH NIH DATA. 



NATIONAL HEALTH EXPENDITURES 

BY SELECTED CATEGORIES AND SOURCE OF FUNDS. FISCAL YEARS 1964 1974 



BILLIONS 
$70 r 




HOSPITALS & 
NURSING HOMES 



PHYSICIANS & OTHER 
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 

— ■■^,"^ZZ~-^'^""'"' <: "6th e r * 



64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 
PRIVATE 



BILLIONS 
$70 

60 

50 

40 

30 

20 

10 





HOSPITALS & 
NURSING HOMES 




PHYSICIANS & OTHER 
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 



64 65 66 67 



8 69 70 71 72 73 74 
PUBLIC 



•includes drugs, appliances, other expenses, and construction, excludes education and training of medical personnel, 
sources: social security bulletin. vol. 38. no. 2. february 1975-with adjustment of r&d, and therefore of totals, to conform with nih data 



HEALTH R it D AS A PROPORTION OF TOTAL R&D COST 

UNITED STATES, 1964 AND 1974 EST. 



TOTAL R&D COST 




SUPPORT OF HEALTH R&D. 1974 EST. 

BY SOURCE BY PERFORMER 





$4.3 BILLION 

HEALTH RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 

$1.6 BILLION -8.6% OF 1964 TOTAL R&D 




$4.3 BILLION -13.3% OF 1974 TOTAL R&D 



SOURCE FOR TOTAL R&D: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR HEALTH R&D NIH. 
570-260 O - 75 - 2 



MILLIONS 
$4,000 



SUPPORT OF HEALTH R&DBY SOURCE OF FUNDS 

UNITED STATES. 1964-1974 EST. 



TOTALS IN CURRENT AND 
CONSTANT (19701 DOLLARS" 




64 '65 '66 '67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 
S2.281 



P 

J64%< 






I 



L 

?63%> 



S2.691 S2.731 



61% \ 
H 



P 

62% s 



i 62 V 



i 



! 65% $ 



1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 EST. + 

♦CONSTANT DOLLARS BASED ON BIOMEDICAL R&O DEFLATOR (1970 = 1001. tINCLUDES FEDERAL FUNDS WITHHELD IN FY 1973 AND RELEASED FOR USE IN 1974. 



Slate & local 
Industry 
Private nonprofit 

Foundations 

Voluntary health agenc 



NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, BY SOURCE AND BY PERFORMER, 
FISCAL YEARS 1950-1974 EST. (In millions of dollars) - 



Sector 


1950 


195S 


1960 


1965 


1967 1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 est 


Total of A or B 


S161 


S261 


$845 


$1,837 


$2,281 $2,497 


$2,691 


$2,731 


$3,023 


S3.354 


$3,563 


$4,291 


A. BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 



1.229 


1,524 


1,650 


1,746 


1.743 


1.956 


2.226 


2.313 


2.887 


1,174 


1,459 


1.582 


1,674 


1,667 


1.877 


2,147 


2.225 


2.795 



B. BY PERFORMER 



Federal 

State & local 
Industry 

Private nonprofit 



1.363 
1,036 



1.217 

2.042 



'Final Federal figun 



lilable after April 1 , 1975. f Breakdo 



ailable. but data i 



NIH FUNDS AS A PROPORTION OF NATION'S HEALTH R&D* 

1974 AND 1975 (IN MILLIONS) 



$4,291 



$4,337 




OTHER 
NONFEDERAL 



INDUSTRY 



OTHER FEDERAL 



NIH 



334 



1,270 




8% 

29% 



25% 



38% 



1974 ESTIMATE 



1975 ESTIMATE 



FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BY AGENCY, 
FY 1950-1974 est.* (In millions of dollars) 



, Educ. & Welfare 



HSMHA 
Other PHS 

Other DHEW 

Atomic Energy Comrr 
Dept. of Defense 
Dept. of Trans port at it 



Dept of State 






Spec 


a! Anion 


Off. 


for Drug A 


Dept 


of Comn 


erce 


(NBS) 


Cons 


mer Prot 


ucts 


Safety Co 


Dept 


ol Just.c 






Tennessee Val 


e»A 


uthonty 


"Cov 


c rs medio 


Ian 


J health-re 


X 


*Lessth 


§Reorganized d 
n S50 thousanc 



$1,174.2 $1,459.4 $1,581.9 $1,674.1 $1,666.6 $1,876.6 $2,147.3 $2,225.3 $2,795.5 



310.7 
2806 



ed R&D (projects, resources, and genera! supportl, but not training or const! 
ring FY 1974 into ADAMHA. CDC, HRA, and HSA ($147.2. $40 6. $55 6. , 
Note Final FY 1974 figures will be available after April I. 1975. 



95.0 


97.9 


140 


1175 


4.5 


73 


456 


503 


08.6 


116.8 


45.8 


488 



1.177.0 
873.3 



1.609.9 2.075.9 

1.323.2 1,737.8 

2245 255.5S 



24.2 


126.0 


126.6 


41.9 


39.0 


65.0 


62.7 


68.9 


742 


74.9 


503 


423 


603 


67.3 


61 1 


343 


37.2 


455 


22.6 


34.9 


33.3 



NIH IN FISCAL YEAR 1974 FUNDED. 



10% OF ALL FEDERALLY 
SUPPORTED R&D 




$17.7 BILLION 

SOURCES NSF, FEDERAL FUNDS FOR RESEARCH. DEVELOPMENT. 
AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES. VOL XXIII, TABLE C8 - 
AND NIH FOR DATA ON NIH. REFLECTED IN TOTALS. 



AGENCY 


ALL FED. 
R&D 


R&D AT 
ACAD 
INST. 


TOTAL 

DHEW 

NIH 

OTHER 
NSF 
DOD 
NASA 
AEC 
OTHER 


S17.733 

2.336 
1.738 
598 
530 
8.599 
3.026 
1.431 
1.811 


S2.236 

1,230 
1.034 
196 
418 
192 
88 
84 
224 



46% OF FEDERALLY SUPPORTED R&D 
AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS 




$2.2 BILLION 



NIH FUNDS OBLIGATED FOR R&D, FISCAL YEARS 1955-1974* 




1955 1960 1965 1970 1974* 

•EXCLUDING CONSTRUCTION AND PROGRAMS TRANSFERRED OUT OF NIH. tR&D GRANTS, R&D CONTRACTS. LABORATORIES & CLINICS, COLLABORATIVE PROGRAMS. 
FIC. FOREIGN CURRENCY PROGRAMS. BIOMETRY/EPIDEMIOLOGY/FIE LD STUDIES, AND PROGRAM MANAGEMENT APPLICABLE TO R&D. (INCLUDES ABOUT SI 51 MILLION 
WITHHELD IN FY 1973 AND RELEASED FOR USE IN 1974. 



10 



CONSOLIDATED NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1963-1974* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Mechanism 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


1970 


(Old structure) 




NIH 


l/RDi 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDl 


NLM 


Total 


S756.704 


S793.293 


S83 1.091 


$979,931 


SI. 045.956 


$1,111,461 


SI. 118.153 


$1,099,993 


S18.160 


SI. 143 


385 


SI. 114.480 


$19,682 


Research programs 


548,942 


574.525 


605.652 


679,615 


782.694 


852,184 


863,261 


862.428 


833 


884 


644 


884.049 


595 


Regular grants 


347,620 


379 


845 


370.644 


398.654 


450.008 


482.026 


473.947 


473 


114 


833 


472 


355 


471,765 


590 


General research support grants 


26.100 


25 


730 


39.116 


39.361 


45.266 


56.033 


52.945 


52 


945 


- 


52 


945 


52,945 


- 


Centers, resources & other grants 


61.875 


53 


250 


5B.184 


78.966 


93.251 


101.953 


107.061 


107 


061 


- 


119 


119 


119,114 


5 


Laboratories & clinics 


57,344 


60 


530 


66.006 


71108 


77,403 


81,165 


86.64B 


86 


64B 


- 


89 


871 


89.871 


- 


Collaborative R&D 


56.003 


54 


097 


70,555 


87.596 


109.726 


113.037 


124,795 


124 


795 


- 


133 


524 


133.524 


- 


Other direct research 


" 


' 


073 


1.147 


3,930 


7,040 


17,970 


17,865 


17 


865 


" 


16 


630 


16.830 


- 


Research training 


141,089 


146 


004 


149,577 


172,348 


181,913 


194.926 


198.778 


198 


778 


- 


200 


S12 


200512 


_ 


Grants & trameeships 


104.766 


107 


434 


108.098 


123.665 


130,038 


138.806 


141,390 


141 


390 


- 


146 


469 


146,469 


- 


Fellowships & RCAs 


35.698 


38 


106 


40.928 


47,966 


50.990 


54,991 


56.362 


56 


362 


- 


53 


191 


53,191 


- 


D„ect training 


625 


464 


551 


717 


685 


1,129 


1.026 


1 


026 


" 


852 


852 


" 


Biomedical communications 














14.943 




14.943 


16.945 


- 


16,945 


Grants 














4.955 


- 


4.955 


5.197 


- 


5.197 


Direct operations 














9,988 


- 


9.988 


11.748 


" 


11.748 


Construction grants 


50,000 


56,000 


58.000 


106.000 


56.000 


35,000 


8.400 


8.400 


- 


- 


- 


" 


Program management! 


16.673 


16.764 


17.862 


21.968 


25,349 


29,351 


32.771 


30,387 


2.384 


413284 


29,919 


2.142 



CONSOLIDATED NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1963-1974 (Cont.C 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Mechanism 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


(New structure! 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


Total 


Sl.212.847 


$1,182,504 


S21.440 


SI ,506. 156 


S1.466 


752 


S24.127 


SI .762 


565 


SI.713 


455 


S28.568 


SI. 790.425 


SI .744 


554 


S25.871 


Research programs 


969,272 


968.677 


595 


1.176,258 


1.175 


513 


745 


1,375 


963 


1,374 


968 


995 


1,448.742 


1.447 


897 


845 


Regular grants 


478.853 


478,263 


590 


570,972 


570 


322 


650 


633 


218 


632 


118 


900 


664.902 


664 


15? 


750 


General research support grants 


46.173 


46.173 


- 


47,185 


47 


185 


- 


52 


673 


62 


673 


- 


53.163 


53 


153 


- 


Centers, resources & other grants 


135,438 


135,433 


5 


169,471 


169 


376 


95 


208 


674 


208 


579 


95 


235.066 


234 


971 


95 


Laboratories & clinics 


113,004 


113,004 


- 


113.685 


113 


68E 


- 


,23 


020 


123 


020 


- 


131,872 


131 


872 


- 


Collaborative research & support 


184,489 


184.489 


- 


42,472 


42 


472 


- 


46 


491 


46 


491 


- 


52,604 


52 


604 


- 


Research & development contracts! 


- 


- 


- 


225,941 


225 


941 


- 


304 


438 


304 


438 


- 


303.212 


303 


212 


- 


Other direct research 


11,315 


11,315 


" 


6.532 


6 


532 


" 


7 


449 


7 


449 


" 


7.933 


7 


993 


- 


Research training 


182.286 


182,286 


- 


196,412 


196 


412 


- 


198 


551 


198 


551 


- 


171.376 


171 


376 


- 


Grants & traineeships 


132,322 


132,322 


- 


145,425 


145 


425 


- 


148 


795 


148 


795 


- 


119.939 


119 


939 


- 


Fellowships & RCAs 


49,964 


49.964 


- 


50.987 


50 


987 


- 


49 


756 


49 


756 


- 


51.437 


51 


437 


~ 


Biomedical communications 


18,043 


- 


18.043 


20.177 


- 


20,177 


23 


884 




23.884 


21.044 




21,044 


Grants 


5.397 


" 


5.397 


6,147 


- 


6,147 


7 


495 


- 


7.495 


6.554 


- 


6.554 


Direct operations 


12.646 




12.646 


14,030 


" 


14.030 


16 


389 


" 


16.389 


14.490 


" 


14.490 


Construction programs 


" 


" 


" 


52,000 


52.000 


" 


56.200 


56.200 


" 


27.550 


27.550 


- 


Control programs 


" 


" 


- 


- 


" 


" 


30.000 


30.000 


- 


34.036 


34.036 




*•"»——« 


43.246s 


31,541s 


2.802 


61.309 


42.827 


3,205 


77.967 


53.736 


3,689 


87.677 


63.695 


3,982 


"Excludes P.L. 480 programs. tNIH colur 


ins (only) inclu 


e Buildings & 


facilities and Sa 


aries, OD, from 


"Y 1970 


on IS 




million i 


FY 1974). JIN 




rateappropri, 


ion until FY 1972 


.s'Cont 




parate appro- 



570-260 O - 75 - . 



12 



IMIH OBLIGATED FUNDS BY FUNCTION, FY 1955 - 1975 ESTIMATE 

EXCLUDING PROGRAMS THAT HAVE BEEN TRANSFERRED OUT* 




EST. TOTAL IMIH 
FY 1975 $1,757 




* NIMH. COMMUNITY PROGRAMS. DBS AND BHME ALSO EXCLUDES FOREIGN CURRENCY PROGRAM AND NIMH PORTION OF GRS GRANTS. 
INCLUDES NLM FROM FY 1968 ON, tINCLUDES BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES FROM FY 1969 ON BUT CHART EXCLUDES DIRECT CONSTRUC 
TION FOR PRIOR YEARS. f INCLUDES S222 Ml LLION IN FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS. i FY 1976 COLUMN OF 1976 PRESIDENT'S BUDGET 
(RECISION LEVEL). 



13 



CONSOLIDATED NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNDING iV.E CHAN ISM, FISCAL YEARS 19681975 Est.' 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Mechanism 


1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


(Old structure) 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDl 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


Total 


$1,102,428 


$1,075,162 


$27,266 


$1,087,728 


$1,065,989 


$21,739 


$1,057,759 


$1,029,765 


$19,758 


$1,211,979 


SI. 180,600 


S21.382 


Research programs 


849.509 


848.248 


1,261 


867.851 


866.530 


1,321 


851.465 


850,470 


995 


993,011 


992.416 


595 


Regular grants 


462,589 


461,328 


1,261 


456,270 


454,949 


1.321 


438.306 


437,316 


990 


472.979 


472.389 


590 


General research support grants 


54.217 


54,217 


- 


52.945 


52,945 


- 


50.310 


50,310 


- 


46.173 


46.173 


- 


Centers, resources & other grants 


99,408 


99,408 


- 


106,020 


106.020 


- 


102,654 


102,649 


5 


146,662 


146,657 


5 


Research career program awards 1 " 


26.840 


26,840 


- 


27,987 


27.987 


- 


27,708 


27,708 


- 


27,858 


27,858 


- 


Laboratories & climes 


79,356 


79,356 


- 


87,948 


87,948 


- 


91,996 


91,996 


- 


108,540 


108.540 


- 


Collaborative R&D 


111,111 


111,111 


- 


121,142 


121,142 


- 


124,845 


124,845 


- 


30,358 


30.358 


- 


Research & development contracts* 


188.500) 


(88,5001 




194,1001 


(94,1001 




(95,4001 


(95,4001 




154,907 


154,907 


- 


Other direct research 


1 5.988 


1 5.988 


- 


15,539 


1 5,539 


- 


15,646 


15,646 


- 


5.534 


5.534 


- 


Research training 


160.478 


160,478 


- 


168.886 


168.886 


- 


151,394 


151,394 


- 


152,853 


152.853 


- 


Grants 


131,973 


131.973 


- 


138.328 


138.328 


- 


127,901 


127,901 


- 


129,156 


129.156 


_ 


Traineeships 


2.303 


2.303 


- 


2.765 


2.765 


- 


2,664 


2,664 


- 


2,336 


2,336 


- 


Fellowships 


25,353 


25.353 


- 


26,974 


26,974 


- 


20.089 


20,089 


- 


21,361 


21,361 


- 




849 


849 


- 


819 


819 


- 


740 


740 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Biomedical communications 


14,022 


- 


14,022 


17.029 


- 


1 7.029 


16,525 


- 


16.525 


17,932 


- 


17.932 


Grants 


6.032 


_ 


6.032 


6,583 


- 


6.583 


5,162 


- 


5.162 


3.694 


- 


3,694 


Direct operations 


7,990 


- 


7.990 


10,446 


- 


10,446 


1 1 .363 


- 


1 1 .363 


14.238 


- 


14,238 


Construction grants 


48.520 


38,369 


10.151 


1,250 


- 


1,250 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Program management'' 


29.899 


28.067 


1,832 


32,712 


30.573 


2,139 


38,375 


27.901 


2,238 


48,183 


35,331 


2.855 



See footnotes at end of table 



14 



CONSOLIDATED NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1968-1975 Er 
Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 
(In thousands of dollars) 





Mechanism 
(New structure) 


1972 


1973 


197411 


1975 Est 




NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


mil 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 


NIH 


l/RDs 


NLM 




Total 


S1 .505,793 


$1,465,617 


$23,859 


$1,530,318 


$1,483,530 


$24,964 


$1,994,431 


$1 ,945,224 


$29,236 


$1,757,294 


SI, 699,436 


$28,247 


Research 


programs 


1,208.339 


1.207,599 


740 


1,267,614 


1.266.873 


741 


1,614,357 


1.614,357 


- 


1,404,409 


1.404,409 


- 


Regul 


r grants 


563.954 


563,314 


640 


586,038 


585.373 


665 


765,121 


765,121 


- 


645,178 


645,178 


- 


Gener 


I research support grants 


47,185 


47,185 


- 


26,124 


26,124 


- 


78,746 


78,746 


- 


7,165 


7.165 


- 


Cente 


s. resources & other grants 


180,589 


180.489 


100 


202,417 


202,341 


76 


222,634 


222,634 


- 


231,137 


231,137 


- 


Resea 


ch career program awards' 


26,577 


26.577 


- 


25,205 


25,205 


- 


23,532 


23,532 


- 


22,549 


22,549 


- 


Labor 


tories & clinics 


115.682 


1 1 5.682 


- 


119.662 


119,662 


- 


134,122 


134,122 


- 


148,238 


148,238 


- 


Collab 


orative research & support 


38.827 


38.827 


- 


46,956 


46,956 


- 


50,383 


50,383 


- 


52.929 


52.929 


- 


Research & development contracts 


229.630 


229.630 


- 


254,220 


254,220 


- 


335,291 


335,291 


- 


292.612 


292,612 


- 


Other 


direct research 


5,895 


5.895 


- 


6,992 


6.992 


- 


4,528 


4,528 


- 


4.601 


4.601 


" 


Research 


training 


158,651 


158,651 


- 


115.979 


115,979 


- 


186.489 


186,489 


- 


134.835 


134,835 


- 


Grant 




136,829 


136,829 


- 


103,815 


103,815 


- 


153,573 


153.573 


- 


82.468 


82.468 


- 


Trame 


eships 


2.151 


2.151 


- 


1.264 


1,264 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Fellov. 


ships 


19.671 


19,671 


- 


10,900 


10,900 


" 


32,916 


32.916 


" 


52.367 


52.367 


- 


Biomedic 


al communications 


19.511 


- 


19,511 


20,270 


- 


20,270 


24,906 


- 


24.906 


23,721 


- 


23,721 


Grant 




4.305 


- 


4,305 


3,778 


- 


3,778 


4,978 


- 


4.978 


3.725 


- 


3,725 


Direct 


operations 


1 5,206 


- 


15,206 


16,492 


- 


16.492 


19,928 


- 


19.928 


19.996 


- 


19.996 


Construe 


ion programs 


51,003 


51,003 


- 


38,805 


38,805 


- 


38,090 


38,090 


- 


29,010 


29,010 


- 


Control programs 


- 


- 


- 


5,223 


5,223 


- 


33,758 


33,758 


- 


45,433 


45,433 


- 


Program 


tianagementS 


68.289 


48,364 


3,608 


82,427 


56,650 


3.953 


96.831 


72,530 


4.330 


119,886 


85,749 


4.526 



'Obligations = appropr 
aralelv until FY 1971. 
eludes S222.2 million ir 



sing unobligated balances (inc. re 
lings & Facilities Irom FY 1969 
FY 1975 column ol 1976 Presic 



s P.L 480 programs tActually budgeted as Research Training until FY 1975. $Not budgeted sep- 
nfor FY 1974) and Salaries & Expenses, OD. from FY 1970 on IS12. 7 million for FY 1974). n In- 
cision level) Includes S23.9 million carryover. 



15 



ACTUAL OBLIGATIONS! 



Mechanism 


Total 


NIAID 


NIAMDO 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NEI 


NIEHS 


FIC 


NIGMS 


NHLI 


NINDS 


DRR 


Total 




S1 .945.224 


S1 20,822 


S1 77.374 


$581,021 


$144,146 


S50.020 


S45.155 


$32,126 


S5.048 


S1 88,600 


5327,250 


S143.535 


S130.127 


Research programs 




1,614,357 


108,025 


153,584 


463.598 


121.935 


38,284 


37,646 


26.093 


2.894 


121,226 


293.104 


120,848 


127,120 


Regular grants 




765,121 


64,853 


114.300 


114,507 


75,431 


17.063 


29.092 


11.541 


_ 


89,517 


170,425 


78,392 


_ 


General research support grants 


78,746 


3.819 


6.179 


776 


2,950 


780 


1.170 


372 


- 


5.299 


1,067 


4.137 


52,197 


Centers, resources & othe 




246,166 


4.562 


3.349 


104,132 


7,765 


7,895 


643 


4.044 


500 


23,970 


9.128 


7,514 


72.664 


Animal centers 




17.793 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


17,793 


Biotechnology resourc 




12,551 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


_ 


- 


12.551 


General clinical resear 


h centers 


42,320 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


- 


42.320 


Research career award 


programs 


23,532 


2.202 


3.349 


1,673 


2.157 


403 


643 


159 


- 


7.092 


4.231 


1,623 


- 


Specialized research c 


nters 


98.685 


- 


- 


92,452 


_ 


342 


- 


_ 


_ 


- 


- 


5,891 


- 


Other special grants 




51.285 


2.360 


- 


10,007 


5.608 


7.150 


" 


3.885 


500 


1 6,878 


4,897 


" 


" 


Laboratories & clinics 




134,122 


20.733 


20,848 


23,267 


14,068 


7,630 


4.245 


8.369 


_ 


_ 


21,585 


13,377 


_ 


Research & development 


contracts 


335.291 


12.293 


7,002 


180,360 


21.132 


3.745 


2,099 


1.767 


- 


2,440 


90,899 


11,295 


2,259 


Collaborative research & 


upport 


50.383 


1,765 


758 


40.556 


- 


1.171 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6,133 


- 


Biometry, epid & field studies 


2.134 


- 


1,148 


- 


589 


- 


397 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


International center 




2,394 


" 


- 


" 


" 


" 


" 


- 


2.394 


- 




- 


" 


Research training 




186,489 


9,237 


18.988 


23.562 


14,824 


8.895 


5.773 


4,594 


2,154 


59,721 


19,395 


18,712 


634 


Grants 




153,573 


7.452 


15.013 


17,558 


1 2,607 


7.193 


3,857 


4,038 


- 


53.617 


1 6,933 


14.868 


437 


Fellowships 




32,916 


1,785 


3.975 


6,004 


2.217 


1.702 


1.916 


556 


2,154 


6.104 


2,462 


3.844 


197 


Construction programs 




38,090 


- 


- 


38,090 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Cancer control programs 




33,758 


- 


- 


33,758 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Program management* 




72,530 


3,560 


4.802 


22,013 


7.387 


2.e4i 


1,736 


1.439 




7,653 


14,751 


3.975 


2.373 



Includes 5219,082 thousand in FY 1973 released funds tlncludess 



16 



ACTUAL OBLIGATIONS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974: 

NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE* 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Mechanism 



Total 



Specialized National 

Information Medical 

Extramural Library Services Audiovisual 

Programs Operations (Toxicology) Center 



Lister Hill 
National Center Office 
for Biomedical of the 
Communications Director 



Total 

Biomedical communications 

Medical library assistance grants 

Intramural 

Contracts 

Program management 
Program direction 
Review & approval 



$29,236 



$8,471 $9,238 



24,906 


7,676 


9,238 


4,978 


4,978 


- 


12,020 


- 


7,341 


7,908 


2,698 


1,897 


4,330 


795 


- 


3,535 


- 


- 


795 


795 


- 



$1,520 



1,520 



845 
675 



$3,596 



3,596 



3,163 
433 



$2,876 



2,876 



671 
2,205 



$3,535 



3,535 

3,535 



"Includes $3,156 thousand in FY 1973 released funds. 



NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1963-1974* 
(Amounts in millions of dollars) 



17 







Institutes and Research Divisions 










Research career 






Research training 


Research 


Construction 


NLM 


Fiscal 




Research grants 


program 


awards 


R&D contracts 


grants 


fellowships 


grants 


awards 


year 


amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Amount 


1963 


$ 590.8 


13,395 


$ 381.4 


773 


$12.5 


385 


S 35.8 


2,132 


$ 90.2 


2,912 


$19.5 


173 


$51.3 


$ 


1964 


669.9 


13,514 


440.7 


993 


17.2 


477 


39.9 


2,243 


98.5 


2,860 


19.8 


125 


53.9 




1965 


736.1 


13,389 


472.6 


1,049 


19.5 


397 


46.2 


2,374 


110.7 


3,198 


22.3 


117 


64.9 




1966 


809.8 


13,319 


528.6 


1,188 


22.6 


514 


50.7 


2,568 


124.4 


3,587 


24.7 


84 


58.7 




1967 


899.9 


13,937 


593.3 


1,246 


25.1 


688 


82.2 


2,411 


131.7 


3,575 


25.3 


72 


42.3 




1968 


956.4 


12,947 


620.2 


1,267 


26.8 


928 


88.4 


2,405 


132.0 


3,592 


27.6 


50 


41.1 


20.3 


1969 


945.5 


12,276 


621.2 


1,254 


27.9 


812 


94.6 


2,373 


138.4 


3,842 


29.7 


20 


21 5 


12.2 


1970 


881.4 


1 1 ,203 


596.6 


1,179 


27.6 


854 


96.2 


2,164 


127.9 


2,806 


22.7 


3 


0.5 


9.7 


1971 


1,005.4 


10,959 


671.7 


1,167 


28.0 


1,167 


143.0 


2,111 


129.1 


2,718 


23.8 


- 


- 


9.7 


1972 


1,253.6 


11,412 


797.8 


1,156 


27.7 


1,381 


215.6 


2,024 


136.1 


2,264 


21.5 


17 


44.1 


10.8 


1973 


1,241.2 


11,223 


811.6 


1,087 


25.9 


1,522 


243.9 


1,696 


103.1 


1,233 


12.2 


20 


33.5 


11.1 


1974 


1,680.4 


13,364 


1,075.9 


958 


23.5 


1,882 


349.9 


2,922 


155.8 


2,267 


30.6 


9 


31.7 


13.0 



'"Awards" = "obligations" + NIMH portion of GRS grants — scientific evaluation grants ± small amounts due to differences in accounting by the data 
sources. Table includes NIEHS throughout and NLM starting in FY 1968. All years exclude NIMH (except GRS portion), BHME, and other programs 
transferred out of NIH. FY 1974 includes FY 1973/74 released funds, about $230 million. 



18 



NLM AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEARS 1968 1974* 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 









Research career 


Research & tech. 


Research training 


Research 


Construction 


Medical library 


Fiscal 


Total 
amount 


Research grants 


program awards 


dev.t 




grants 


fellowships 


grants 


resource grants 


year 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


1968 


$20,256 


65 $1 ,623 


$- 


39 


$3,476 


15 $ 877 


6 $ 83 


9 $10,000 


375 $4,197 


1969 


12,216 


58 1.591 


" 


38 


3,807 


14 1,285 


5 110 


3 1.250 


396 4,173 


1970 


9.697 


49 1.254 


- 


40 


3,590 


7 948 


4 40 


- 


405 3.866 


1971 


9,706 


37 867 


" 


53 


6,370 


10 948 


lC 57 


" 


471 2,464 


1972 


10.826 


46 950 


" 


68 


5.895 


11 1,136 


7 132 


" 


379 2.712 


1973 


11.109 


47 996 


" 


73 


6,647 


9 661 


7 135 


" 


166 2,669 


1974 


13,046 


47 1,325 


3 95 


79 


8,092 


10 888 


1 14 


- 


127 2,632 



"FY 1974 includes FY 1973/74 released funds, about $3 millic 



NIH AWARDS BY N IH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974" 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 



19 





Total 


Research grants 


Research career 
i program awards 


R&D contracts* 


Research training 


Res. 


arch fellowships 


Construe! 


ion grots 


Medical library 




Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Nurr 


ber Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 



























Total 


SI, 680.448 


13,411 


S1.077.177 


D 


1.667.403 


13,364 


1.075.852 


NIAID 


90.317 


1.297 


67.188 


NIAMDD 


143.998 


1.955 


114,410 


NCI 


475.196 


2.241 


219,846 


NICHD 


118,432 


1,174 


80.956 


NIDR 


36.918 


285 


24.420 


NIEHS 


22.138 


182 


15.990 


NEI 


37,608 


514 


29.103 


NIGMS 


175,024 


1.524 


106.163 


NHLI 


283.355 


1,780 


174.740 


NINDS 


115,066 


1,230 


84.069 


□ RR 


163,210 


1.1 82t 


158,968 



S23.628 


1.961 


S357.970 


2,932 


S156.704 


2,268 


S30.644 


23,534 


1.882 


349.879 


2.922 


155.816 


2.267 


30.630 


2,201 


123 


1 1 ,688 


197 


7,777 


112 


1.462 


3.350 


77 


7,252 


447 


15.013 


293 


3.973 


1.673 


930 


198,423 


322 


17.558 


405 


6.004 


2,157 


217 


20,489 


182 


12,607 


200 


2.222 


403 1 


40 


3,199 


139 


8.075 


71 


821 



2.050 
84.960 
10.684 



4.037 
3,847 
55,269 
16,933 
14.313 



$31,692 
31,692 



127 2.632 



i funds, t'ncludes N LM tecrinic 



t programs - 934 grants tor S86 4 million. §CC, 



20 



NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 
(In thousands of dollars) 











Institutes and R 


jsearch Divisions 












Research career 


Research 








Geographic 




Research 


program 


R&D 


training 


Research 


Construction 


NLM 


location 


Total 


grants 


awards 


contracts 


grants 


fellowships 


grants 


awards 


Total 


$1,680,448 


$1,075,852 


$23,534 


$349,879 


$155,816 


$30,630 


$31,692 


$13,046 


U.S. total 


1,667,469 


1,072,492 


23,534 


341,444 


155,816 


29,446 


31,692 


13,046 


Alabama 


25,997 


12,761 


287 


11,431 


1,077 


286 


- 


156 


Alaska 


835 


643 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


191 


Arizona 


6,292 


5,475 


71 


351 


308 


88 


- 


- 


Arkansas 


1,318 


999 


18 


- 


256 


14 


- 


30 


California 


243,109 


153,133 


2,695 


45,998 


21,277 


5,825 


1 1 ,880 


2,301 


Colorado 


19,665 


15,478 


407 


1,368 


1,827 


584 


- 


- 


Connecticut 


42,527 


29,753 


639 


2,600 


4,863 


900 


3,648 


124 


Delaware 


958 


609 


— 


327 


- 


22 


_ 


_ 


Dist.of Col. 


23,132 


1 1 ,594 


70 


6,976 


3,323 


75 


- 


1,094 


Florida 


25,574 


18,714 


374 


3,308 


2,803 


305 


- 


70 


Georgia 


17,787 


1 1 ,663 


406 


2,995 


1,753 


507 


- 


463 


Hawaii 


6,205 


4,357 


17 


1,599 


111 


74 


- 


48 


Idaho 


521 


339 


- 


181 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Illinois 


69.400 


41,740 


1,035 


11,563 


9,356 


805 


4,291 


610 


Indiana 


16,744 


13,093 


332 


924 


2,104 


242 


- 


50 


Iowa 


17,636 


12,425 


313 


2,937 


1,758 


146 


- 


57 


Kansas 


9,217 


6,914 


350 


622 


1,122 


167 


- 


41 



See footnotes at end of table. 



(Continued) 



21 



NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974 (Cont.)* 

(In thousands of dollars) 











Institutes and Research Divisions 










Research career Research 






Geographic 




Research 


program 


R&D training 


Research Construction 


NLM 


location 


Total 


grants 


awards 


contracts grants 


fellowships grants 


awards 


Kentucky 


$ 4,760 


$ 3,117 


$ 67 


$ 887 $ 596 


$ 44 $ - 


$ 50 


Louisiana 


16.366 


11,455 


193 


3,302 1,146 


176 


95 


Maine 


3,180 


2,322 


51 


657 123 


23 


3 


Maryland 


103,694 


29,160 


780 


63,712 6,358 


2,632 


1,052 


Massachusetts 


152,264 


105,151 


2,139 


25,464 15,347 


3,480 


683 


Michigan 


38,663 


25,772 


489 


7,558 4,022 


582 


239 


Minnesota 


43,687 


25,867 


428 


11,157 5,164 


721 


349 


Mississippi 


4,253 


3,136 


69 


469 504 


70 


6 


Missouri 


41,678 


28,832 


780 


6,523 4,787 


615 


141 


Montana 


656 


493 


66 


77 3 


16 


- 


Nebraska 


3,052 


1,903 


75 


608 227 


24 


215 


Nevada 


56 


33 


- 


23 


- 


- 


New Hampshire 


4,766 


3,217 


218 


669 1 43 


87 


433 


New Jersey 


17,476 


8,722 


67 


7,705 741 


89 


153 


New Mexico 


5,602 


4,635 


174 


570 147 


77 


- 


New York 


234,352 


172,287 


2,938 


30,323 19,020 


3,370 5,176 


1,238 


North Carolina 


50,411 


32,532 


1,294 


8,063 7,376 


1,052 


94 


North Dakota 


655 


460 


52 


111 


5 


28 


Ohio 


44,766 


27,368 


783 


10,485 4,898 


577 112 


544 



22 



NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974 (Cont.) 

(In thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 








Research career 


Research 








Geographic 




Research 


program 


R&D 


training 


Research 


Construction 


NLM 


location 


Total 


grants 


awards 


contracts 


grants 


fellowships 


grants 


awards 


Oklahoma 


$ 7.093 


$ 4,145 


$ 120 


$ 2,206 


$ 447 


$ 70 


$ 


S106 


Oregon 


17,078 


13,981 


210 


1,147 


1,467 


272 


- 


- 


Pennsylvania 


98,517 


71,150 


1,792 


13,904 


9,490 


1,447 


- 


735 


Rhode Island 


4,447 


3,643 


15 


434 


298 


57 


- 


- 


South Carolina 


3,917 


3,148 


69 


593 


79 


11 


- 


15 


South Dakota 


302 


265 


25 


- 


6 


- 


- 


5 


Tennessee 


25,081 


20,236 


489 


975 


2,912 


465 


- 


5 


Texas 


67,522 


45,457 


1,007 


14,962 


4,801 


1,048 


- 


247 


Utah 


14,414 


8,694 


221 


3,618 


1,452 


162 


- 


269 


Vermont 


4,493 


3,546 


112 


394 


353 


16 


- 


71 


Virginia 


33,376 


11,673 


559 


18,844 


1,676 


407 


- 


218 


Washington 


46,726 


30,713 


730 


7,498 


5,625 


974 


451 


736 


West Virginia 


1,747 


1,164 


54 


268 


257 


- 


- 


4 


Wisconsin 


42,01 1 


26,795 


372 


4,206 


3,590 


838 


6,134 


76 


Wyoming 


241 


205 


25 


12 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Puerto Rico 


3,124 


1,400 


60 


950 


711 


- 


- 


3 


Virgin Islands (U.S.) 


125 


125 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Foreign 


12,979 


3,360 


- 


8,435 


- 


1,185 


- 


- 



"Includes FY 1973/74 released funds, about $230 million. 



NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 



23 







Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 


Performer 


Research grants 


Research career program awards 


R & contracts 




No. of 
inst.t 


Amount 


No. of 


Number Amount 


No. of 

inst.+ Number Amount 


No of 


Number Amount 



Research i 

Other 
State and loc, 



1,232 


SI ,680,448 


1,089 


1.667,469 


951 


1,564,186 


393 


1.220,721 


130 


53.764 


40 


4.403 


8 


1.419 


26 


2,321 


6 


664 


90 


49.360 


5 


2.337 


50 


37.893 


35 


9,132 


428 


289,701 


137 


147,521 


190 


125,162 



13.364 


SI .075.852 


13.247 


1.072.492 


13,247 


1.072.492 


11.012 


862.037 


342 


26,883 


37 


2,036 



225 
24,847 
1,977 
19,876 
2.994 
183,572 



S23.534 
23,534 



1,882 


S349.879 


1.783 


341.444 


1.499 


240.589 


943 


146.097 



83.062 
52.506 
23.445 



Profit 




138 


103.282 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


113 


284 


100.855 


Res 


arch institute! 


49 


30.302 


- 


- 


- 


_ _ 


45 


117 


29.758 


Ind 


strial firms 


89 


72,980 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


68 


167 


71.096 


Foreign 




143 


12.979 


71 


117 


3.360 


" 


59 


99 


8.435 



See footnotes at end of table. 



24 



NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1974 (Cont.)' 
{Amounts in thousands of dollars} 





Institutes and Research Divisions 




Performer 


Research training grants 


Research feliowsh 


PS 




Constructor 


grants 


NLM awards 




No. of 




No. of 




No. of 






No. of 




inst.t 


Number Amount 


inst.t Number 


Amount 


instt 


Number 


Amount 


inst.t Amount 


Total 


226 


2.922 $155,816 


275 2,267 


S30.630 


8 


9 


$31,692 


201 $13,046 


Domestic 


226 


2.922 155.816 


223 2,191 


29,446 


8 


9 


31,692 


201 13.046 


Nonprofit 


226 


2.922 155,816 


223 2,191 


29,446 


8 


9 


31,692 


173 10,619 


Higher education 


147 


2.665 143.492 


147 1,877 


25,340 


4 


5 


14,525 


77 7.480 


Government 


8 


23 1.359 


22 153 


1,847 


1 


1 


1 1 ,880 


21 116 


Federal 


- 


- 


16 134 


1,563 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Research institutes 


- 


- 


8 123 


1,419 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Hospitals 


- 


- 


6 9 


120 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


- 


- 


2 2 


24 


- 


- 


- 


- 


State and local 


8 


23 1,359 


6 19 


284 


1 


1 


11,880 


21 116 


Research institutes 


1 


2 39 


1 1 


13 


- 


- 


- 


- - 


Hospitals 


6 


20 1 .269 


5 18 


271 


1 


1 


11.880 


17 105 


Other 


1 


1 51 




- 


- 


- 


- 


4 12 


Other 


71 


234 10,966 


54 161 


2.258 


3 


3 


5,287 


75 3,023 


Research institutes 


23 


55 2.444 


23 71 


967 


1 


1 


313 


7 182 


Hospitalst 


41 


164 7.808 


27 82 


1.188 


2 


2 


4.974 


39 437 


Other 


7 


15 714 


4 8 


103 


- 


- 


- 


29 2.404 


Profit 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


28 2.427 


Research institutes 


- 


- - 


- - 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5 544 


Industrial firms 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


23 1.883 


Foreign 


- 


" 


52 76 


1,185 


" 


" 


- 


- 



"Includes FY 1973/74 released funds. tEach individual organs 
hospitals not owned by institutions classified as "higher educat 



)llege belonging to a State system of higher educatic 



ounted separately, % Independent 



25 



NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 

(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 








Research career 








Total 
amount 


Research grants 


program awards 


R & D contracts 


Major component 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


$1,220,721 


11,012 


$862,037 


888 $21,751 


943 


$146,097 


Health professional components 


959,977 


7,566 


658,056 


673 17,015 


804 


132,973 


Medical schoolst 


852,359 


6,675 


589,715 


626 15,884 


694 


1 1 1 ,060 


Public health 


39,939 


193 


20,673 


15 376 


40 


13,305 


Dentistry 


27,193 


246 


19,453 


15 353 


16 


1,410 


Hospitals* 


1 5,084 


74 


10,480 


4 107 


21 


3,607 


Veterinary medicine 


12,368 


170 


9,220 


4 91 


11 


1,002 


Pharmacy 


9,140 


167 


6,655 


6 135 


13 


945 


Other 


3,894 


41 


1,861 


3 69 


9 


1,645 


Schools of A & S and graduate schools 


179,110 


2,588 


139,055 


178 3,886 


82 


7,161 


Other components 


81,635 


858 


64,926 


37 849 


57 


5,963 


Engineering 


20,547 


194 


14,998 


17 409 


19 


2,038 


Organized research units 


19,249 


127 


14,752 


6 135 


15 


1,999 


Agriculture 


17,354 


262 


13,074 


11 244 


12 


1,239 


University wide 


10,983 


214 


10,941 


- - 


1 


41 


Primate centers 


6,693 


17 


6,266 


1 22 


4 


383 


Other 


6,809 


44 


4,895 


2 40 


6 


263 



See footnotes at end of table. 



26 



NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1974 <Cont.)< 

(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 


NLM 




Research training grants 


Research fellowships 


Construction grants 


awards 


Major component 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Amount 


Total 


2,665 $143,492 


1,877 $25,340 


5 $14,525 


$7,480 


Health professional components 


2,174 114,474 


1,258 17,612 


5 14,525 


5,322 


Medical schools! 


1,911 100,636 


1,109 15,391 


5 14,525 


5,150 


Public health 


82 5,071 


36 513 


- - 


- 


Dentistry 


1 06 5,274 


42 642 


- - 


62 


Hospitalst 


8 739 


9 150 


— - 


- 


Veterinary medicine 


37 1,465 


33 513 


- - 


77 


Pharmacy 


25 1,139 


20 267 


- - 


-" 


Other 


5 151 


9 136 


- 


33 


Schools of A & S and graduate schools 


384 22,437 


494 6,041 


- 


529 


Other components 


107 6,581 


125 1,687 


- 


1,629 


Engineering 


40 2,368 


44 627 


- 


106 


Organized research units 


20 1,655 


33 469 


- - 


240 


Agriculture 


42 2,304 


40 492 


- 


- 


University-wide 


- - 


- - 


- - 


- 


Primate centers 


- - 


2 22 


— - 


— 


Other 


5 253 


6 76 


" 


1,283 



"Includes FY 1973/74 released funds, tlncludes 
cine and dentistry. {Hospitals owned by institut 



schools of osteopathy, primate centers that are departments in medical schools, and schools of I 
ions of higher education, except those administered by medical schools. 



27 



MILLIONS 
$1,500 - 



NIH EXTRAMURAL AWARDS FOR R&D AND THEIR PERCENT DISTRIBUTION* 

FISCAL YEARS 1967-1974 

DISTRIBUTION 

' S694 730 736 713 835 1,034 1.082 1.4 



AMOUNT 



■P3 



— - 











. . , . . y, , , , 










GRSt 






R&D 
CONTRACTS 




































PROJECTS 
& CENTERS 






































RESEARCH 
PROJECTS^ 












PERCENT 
100 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 74 f '67 ' 

•INCLUDES I/RDsONLY, tEXCLUDESNIMH PORTION OF GRS PROGRAMS (S8 MILLION IN FY 19741, 
(INCLUDES RCAs IS24 MILLION IN FY 19741 ^INCLUDES ABOUT S148 MILLION IN FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS 



'70 71 72 73 74 i 



28 



15,000 



10,000 



5,000 



NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1967 1974* 
NUMBER OF A WARDS DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 




PROGRAM PROJECTS & CENTERS 

JL 



$1,200 



1,000 



800 



600 



400 



200 



T~ 1 



1 ' T 



TOTALS 



"f 



RESEARCH PROJECTS 



PROGRAM PROJECTS & CENTERS 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 f 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 f 



*ALL YEARS INCLUDE NIEHS AND NLM, EXCLUDE NIMH AND BHME. tINCLUDES GRS. EXCLUDES RCAs. \ INCLUDES FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS 



29 



NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE, FY 1967 - 1974 



9,000 



6,000 



3,000 



NUMBER OF AWARDS 



i 1 1 r 



CONTINUATION 




'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74' 



$700 
600 
500 
400 
300 
200 
100 




DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



i i i i i r 



.. / 



CONTINUATION 




'67 '68 '69 '70 71 '72 '73 '74' 



ILL YEARS INCLUDE NIEHS. NLM AND GRS PROGRAMS. EXCLUDE NIMH. BHME AND RCAs tINCLUDES FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS. 



30 



8,000 



NIH RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS BY TYPE, FY 1967-1974* 

NUMBER OF AWARDS DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



6,000 - 



4,000 - 



2,000 - 



/ -■ 

CONTINUATION 



/ 




$400 



300 



200 



100 



- 




/■ ""*" 




CONTINUATION 


/ 




/-— . \_ ••""" 








. 


/ 


- 


- 




NEW / 


- 


RENEWAL 


\// ~ 






r^*^>?J/ 




^SUPPLEMENTAL 

I 7 1 ^-, r , T 1 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74* 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 72 '73 '74* 



*ALL YEARS INCLUDE NIEHS AND NLM. EXCLUDE NIMH AND BHME 'INCLUOES FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS 



31 



600 



500- 



400 



300 



200 



100 



NIH PROGRAM PROJECT AND CENTER GRANTS BY TYPE, FY 1967-1974* 

NUMBER OF A WARDS DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



"I 1 T 1 1 1 yi. 1 

y" 

/' CONTINUATION 




'RENEWAL ^SUPPLEMENTAL 

I I I I 1 L 



'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 + 



$300 1— r 



200- 



100 



n 1 1 r 



CONTINUATION 



i-- 




'67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 73 '74 + 



*ALL YEARS INCLUDE NIEHSAND NLM. EXCLUDE NIMH AND BHME tINCLUDES FY 1973/74 RELEASED FUNDS. 



32 



IMIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY FUNDING MECHANISM AND TYPE, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 





Total 


Competing grants 




Noncompet 


ng grants 






New 


Renewal 


Supplemental 


Continuation 


Supplemental 




Numben 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Numbert Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Total 


13.684 


$1,077,177 


2,997 


$211,014 


1,877 $179,866 


212 


$7,247 


7,895 


$666,672 


703 


$12,378 


l/RD 


13.636 


1.075.852 


2,981 


210,458 


1,874 179,752 


211 


7,232 


7,869 


666.044 


701 


12.365 


Research projects 


11.619 


612,292 


2,787 


151,421 


1,730 118,305 


166 


3.401 


6.353 


333.510 


583 


5,655 


Traditional 


10,917 


566.193 


2,545 


134.324 


1.610 110,276 


147 


2,984 


6,104 


313,702 


511 


4,907 


Chemotherapy and psychopharm. 


309 


17.764 


24 


1.021 


100 6,329 


15 


342 


109 


9.388 


61 


684 


National organ site projects 


123 


10.007 


72 


5.241 


- - 


3 


53 


46 


4.708 


2 


5 


Other 


270 


18.326 


146 


10,834 


20 1,700 


1 


22 


94 


5.712 


9 


59 



Program projects ar 
Research progra 
General clinical 
Categorical din 
Specialized ( 



377,187 
215.602 
42.320 
36,206 
28,838 



57,231 

43,004 
2.581 
1.605 
3.692 



61,448 


32 


3,058 


34,134 


18 


2,123 


11,658 


- 


- 


10,264 


2 


153 



248,742 
133,735 
28,081 ; 
22.965 I 
23.139 I 



Animal resources 


99 


17.215 


40 


3,252 


8 


2.021 


3 


126 


42 


11.500 


6 


316 


Biotechnology resources 


46 


11.735 


9 


2701 


4 


1.147 


1 


10 


29 


7,411 


3 


466 


Dental research institute prog. 


5 


7,150 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5 


7.150 


- 


- 


Sickle cell centers 


20 


6,762 


- 


- 


1 


700 


4 


367 


13 


5,646 


2 


49 


Pharmacology-toxicology centers 


11 


5,691 


1 


233 


2 


1.235 


- 


- 


8 


4.223 


- 


- 


Other 


33 


5.669 


3 


163 


2 


290 


2 


52 


21 


4,892 


5 


272 


General research support programs 


949 


86.373 


15 


1.806 


- 


- 


13 


774 


921 


83.793 


- 


_ 


General research support grants 


644 


67.285 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


644 % 


67.2851 


- 


- 


Biomedical science support prog. 


221 


10,540 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


22U 


10,5401 


- 


- 


Minority schools biomed. support 


82 


8,048 


15 


1.806 


- 


- 


13 


774 


54 


5,468 


- 


- 


Health sci. advancement awards 


2 


500 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


500 


- 


- 


NLM 


48 


1.325 


16 


556 


3 


114 


1 


14 


26 


628 


2 


13 



"Includes FY 1973/74 released funds. tEach supplei 



unted separately X Includes supplemental grants paid from FY 1973/74 released funds- 



33 



NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND TYPE, FISCAL YEAR 1974* 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 









Competing grants 


Noncompeting grants 


NIH 
component 




Total 


New 


Renewal 


Supple 


mental 


Continuation 


Supplemental 




Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Number* 


Amount 


Total 


13.684 


$1,077,177 


2,997 


$211,014 


1.877 $179,866 


212 


$7,247 


7,895 


$666,672 


703 


$12,378 


l/RD 


13.636 


1,075,852 


2,981 


210,458 


1,874 179,752 


211 


7,232 


7,869 


666.044 


701 


12,365 


NIAID 


1,303 


67,188 


255 


12,097 


170 10,312 


8 


145 


780 


43,888 


90 


746 


NIAMDD 


1,977 


114,410 


390 


22,265 


313 21,590 


20 


369 


1,166 


69.279 


88 


907 


NCI 


2,318 


219,846 


622 


56,206 


313 37,123 


50 


1,137 


1,163 


121,768 


170 


3,611 


NICHD 


1,191 


80,956 


348 


22,243 


151 12,402 


12 


209 


622 


45,354 


58 


748 


NIDR 


289 


24,420 


75 


4.031 


28 3,090 


1 


27 


174 


16,703 


11 


569 


NIEHS 


183 


1 5.990 


61 


3,639 


19 1,921 


1 


17 


96 


10,067 


6 


347 


NEI 


530 


29,103 


111 


6.285 


81 6,422 


5 


124 


276 


15,600 


57 


671 


NIGMS 


1,541 


106,163 


371 


20,943 


216 21,331 


12 


371 


920 


62,742 


22 


776 


NHLI 


1,849 


174,740 


388 


31,986 


244 25,333 


52 


2,996 


1.019 


111,686 


146 


2,738 


NINDS 


1,256 


84,069 


286 


20,173 


303 24.833 


33 


927 


591 


37,733 


43 


403 


DRR 


1,199 


158,968 


74 


10.588 


36 15,396 


17 


910 


1.062t 


131,225* 


10 


849 


NLM 


48 


1,325 


16 


556 


3 114 


1 


14 


26 


628 


2 


13 



Includes FY 1973/74 released funds. tEach supple 



al grant is counted separately, t Includes supplemental grants paid from FY 1973/74 released funds, 



34 



NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY FUNDING MECHANISM AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEAR 1974' 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 





Total 


NIAID 


NIAMDD 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Total 


13,411 


$1,077,177 


1,297 


$67,188 


1.955 $114,410 


2,241 


$219,846 


1.174 


$80,956 


285 $24,420 


Research projects 


11,476 


613,616 


1,260 


60.744 


1,895 98,592 


2.074 


127.483 


1.072 


53,446 


257 11,403 


Traditional 


10.813 


567,496 


1,166 


54.161 


1.881 97,672 


1,654 


93,353 


1.067 


53,332 


212 11.003 


Chemotherapy and psychopharm 


268 


17,764 




- 




268 


17.764 






- 


National organ site projects 


122 


10.007 




- 




122 


10,007 






- 


Other 


273 


18,349 


94 


6.583 


14 920 


30 


6,358 


5 


114 


45 400 



i projects and centers 
arch program projects 



377.187 
215,602 



6,444 
4,972 



15,818 
11.249 



92.363 
58,441 



27,510 
27,510 



13,017 
5.525 



General clinical research centers 


89 


42,320 


- 


- 


- 




- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Categorical clin research centers 


57 


36,206 


1 


234 


8 


1.708 


47 


33.922 


- 


1 


342 


5pecialized centers of research 


63 


28,838 


- 


- 


7 


2.861 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Animal resources 


98 


17,215 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Biotechnology resources 


45 


11.735 




- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 


64 


25.271 


19 


1.238 


- 


" 


" 


" 


" 


5 


7,160 


General research support programs 


934 


86.373 


" 


" 


- 


" 


" 


" 


- 


" 


" 



See footnote at end of table. 



35 



Program projf 
Research p 



NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY FUNDING MECHANISM AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEAR 1974 (Cont.)* 
(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 







NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLI 


NINDS 


DRR 


NLM 


Funding n 


anisrn 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Total 




182 


S15.990 


514 $29,103 


1.524 $106,163 


1,780 $174,740 


1.230 $84,069 


1.182 $158,968 


47 SI, 325 


Research projects 




161 


7,674 


496 26.263 


1,435 71,634 


1,620 93.678 


1,143 60.049 


16 1,325 


47 1,325 


Traditional 




160 


7.666 


489 26,161 


1,430 71,578 


1.561 90,636 


1.137 59.947 


12 683 


44 1,302 


Chemotherapy ar 


d psychopharm 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


National organ si 


e projects 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other 




1 


7 


7 102 


5 56 


59 3,041 


6 102 


4 642 


3 23 



2.840 
2.508 



89 34.529 

77 28,101 



24,020 

23.009 



232 71.270 



89 42.320 



Biotechm 
Other 



1 737 



11 5.691 



98 17,215 
45 11.735 



General research s 



934 86,373 



36 



NIH RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS AND R&D CONTRACTS BY SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE OR FIELD, FISCAL YEARS 1973 AND 1974 

(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 





Fiscal year 1973 


Fiscal year 1974t 


Scientific ditcipline or field* 


Research project grants! 


R & O contracts!) 


Research project grants! 


R&D contracts! 




Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Total 


10,957 


S490.748 




1.595 


$250,505 




12,437 


S637.245 




1,961 


S357.970 




l/RD 


10.910 


489,752 


100.0% 


1.522 


243.858 


100.0% 


12,387 


635.825 


100.0% 


1.882 


349.879 


100.0% 


Biological sciences 


5.310 


238.267 


48.7 


430 


79,025 


32.4 


6,058 


299.047 


47.0 


507 


99.162 


28 3 


Anatomy 


195 


7,314 


1.5 


3 


1,782 


0.7 


196 


9.549 


1.5 


2 


87 


a 


Biochemistry 


2,185 


98.633 


20.1 


76 


11,119 


4.6 


2,512 


125.009 


19.7 


79 


18.688 


5.3 


Cell biology 


324 


13,519 


2.8 


32 


3,208 


1.3 


364 


17.122 


2.7 


44 


5,151 


1.5 


Embryology and development 


111 


4.639 


0.9 


3 


163 


0.1 


130 


6,313 


1.0 


3 


209 


0.1 


Genetics 


631 


28.298 


5 8 


29 


1 1 ,243 


46 


693 


34,239 


5.4 


29 


6.329 


1.8 


Immunology 


639 


31,388 


6.4 


138 


13,563 


5.6 


817 


42.263 


66 


184 


17.734 


5.1 


Microbiology & parasitology 


670 


30,093 


6.1 


84 


31,418 


12.9 


766 


35.883 


5.6 


95 


42,182 


12.1 


Reproduction, growth and development 


165 


6,733 


14 


60 


5,544 


2.3 


203 


9.778 


1.5 


67 


5.635 


1.6 


Structural chemistry of biopolymers 


390 


17,649 


3.6 


5 


985 


0.4 


377 


18.889 


3.0 


4 


3,147 


0.9 


Clinical medical 


1,444 


67,841 


13.9 


192 


26,724 


11.0 


1.568 


87.475 


13.8 


305 


50,093 


14.3 


Hematology 


228 


10,810 


2.2 


35 


3.063 


13 


233 


12,265 


1.9 


35 


4,964 


1.4 


Oncology 


93 


4,791 


1.0 


33 


8,229 


3.4 


157 


12,080 


1.9 


97 


18,279 


5.2 


Pathology 


471 


24,081 


4 9 


37 


5,475 


2.2 


501 


30,064 


4.7 


48 


9.397 


2.7 


Transplantation 


88 


5,045 


1.0 


8 


573 


0.2 


98 


5,826 


0.9 




1.351 


0.4 


Other 


564 


23,114 


4.7 


79 


9,384 


3.8 


579 


27,240 


4.3 


114 


16,101 


4.6 


Other medical sciences 


2,905 


126,852 


259 


359 


64.830 


26.6 


3.278 


169.822 


26.7 


431 


96,522 


27.6 


Biology 


141 


5,779 


1.2 


1 


15 


U 


154 


6.912 


1.1 


2 


124 


II 


Nutrition 


180 


8,107 


1.7 


11 


1,283 


0.5 


194 


9.860 


1.6 


8 


1,396 


0.4 


Pharmacology 


582 


26,677 


5.4 


173 


35.063 


14.4 


678 


37.042 


5.8 


205 


45,036 


12.9 


Physiology 


1,956 


84,435 


17.2 


170 


27.995 


11,5 


2,206 


113.701 


17.9 


213 


49,758 


14.2 


Other 


46 


1,853 


0.4 


4 


474 


0.2 


46 


2,306 


0.4 


3 


208 


0.1 



See footnotes at end of table 



37 



NIH RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS AND R&D CONTRACTS BY SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE OR FIELD, 
FISCAL YEARS 1973 AND 1974 (Amounts in thousands of dollars) (Cont.) 









Fiscal year 1973 












Fiscal yea 


r 1974- 




Scientific discipline or field* 


Research project grants-t 


R&D contracts? 


Re sea 


rch project grants} 


R&D contract 






Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


N urn be 


Amount 


Percent 


N 


umber 


Amount 


Percent 


Psychology 


200 


$ 7,538 


1 .5% 


6 


$ 280 


0.1% 


232 


S10.727 


1.7% 




11 


S 1,418 


0.4% 


Chemistry 


558 


23,391 


4.8 


95 


10,862 


4.5 


660 


29,715 


4.7 




91 


11,908 


3.4 


Physics 


8 


453 


0.1 


- 


- 


- 


9 


632 


0.1 




- 


- 




Environmental health sciences 


,2 


564 


0.1 


11 


904 


04 


10 


652 


0.1 




14 


1,967 


0.6 


Mathematics 


113 


6,561 


1.3 


53 


9,899 


4.1 


132 


9,955 


1.6 




58 


10,851 


3.1 


Bioengmeering & instrumentation 


196 


10,930 


22 


111 


14,623 


6.0 


246 


15,119 


2.4 




116 


15,194 


4.3 


Social sciences 


94 


4,110 


0.8 


21 


1,489 


0.6 


129 


6,612 


1.0 




25 


1,988 


0.6 


Other sciences 


70 


3,241 


0.7 


244 


35,224 


14.4 


65 


6,071 


10 




324 


60,776 


17.4 


Information & communication sci. 


56 


2,263 


0.5 


95 


12,692 


5.2 


42 


3,012 


0.5 




127 


19.383 


5.5 


Health sciences & services 


5 


353 


0.1 


16 


2,250 


0.9 


8 


2,117 


0.3 




38 


7.037 


2.0 


Animal production & facilities 


6 


505 


0.1 


48 


7,925 


3.2 


11 


780 


0.1 




63 


12,138 


3.5 


Biologicals resources 


3 


120 


II 


85 


12,357 


5.1 


4 


162 


II 




96 


22,218 


6.4 


NLM 


47 


996 




73 


6,647 




50 


1,420 






79 


8,092 





'Broad groupings follow OMB and NSF classifications, tlncludes FY 1973/74 released funds. tExcludes program project and center grants, and GRS pro- 
grams, none of which are coded for scientific discipline or field. Includes RCAs. § Includes NLM technical development contracts. II Less than 0.05 percent. 



38 



NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS REVIEWED, RECOMMENDED FOR APPROVAL, 
AND AWARDED, FISCAL YEARS 1964 - 1974* 



NEW APPLICA TIONS 

"i 1 r 




RENEWAL APPLICATIONS NUMBER 
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8,000 



COUNCIL RECOMMENDEcf 



'64 '65 '66 '67 '68 '69 '70 '71 '72 '73 '74 + 



'64 '65 '66 '67 



'69 '70 '71 '72 '73 




74 + 



COUNCIL APPROVED RATES AND AWARD RATES FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, 

FISCAL YEARS 1970, 1972 AND 1974* 



39 





Numbe 


reviewed by c 


ouncilst 




Perce 


t recommended by co 


ncilst 






Percent of 


ouncll reco 


mmendatic 


n S awarded 




NIH 
component 




Number 




Amounts 


Number 


Amounts 


1970 


1972 


1974 


1970 


1972 


1974 


1970 


1972 


1974 


1970 


1972 


1974 


1970 


1972 


1974 


Total 


8.055 


9,460 


10,699 


66.1% 


69.1% 


74.0% 


53.7% 


50.8% 


51.4% 


50.6% 


59.6% 


54.0% 


54.9% 


67.3% 


61.9% 


l/RD 


7,984 


9.378 


10.615 


66.3 


69.4 


74.2 53.8 


51.0 


51.4 


50.6 


59.5 


54.0 


55.0 


67.3 


61.9 


MAID 


887 


947 


1.000 


74.6 


780 


83,8 637 


61,7 


60.7 


56.2 


50.1 


49.3 


61.4 


56.5 


49.7 


NIAMDD 


1,498 


1,528 


1.409 


71.6 


75 7 


80.8 57.4 


58.9 


557 


49.6 


56.1 


69.4 


50-5 


59.3 


63.3 


NCI 


818 


1.340 


1.939 


637 


68.4 


70.0 530 


50.9 


45.3 


47,6 


73,0 


64,3 


54.7 


80.6 


71.1 


NIDR 


234 


257 


261 


45.7 


603 


52.1 433 


65.0 


40 6 


30.8 


723 


654 


37.2 


92.0 


65.7 


NIEHS 


108 


208 


218 


49 1 


55.8 


72.0 ! 45 9 


45.3 


56.5 


47.2 


474 


51.6 


56.9 


51.0 


60.6 


NEI 


227 


311 


360 


77 1 


79.1 


85.0 62.6 


66.9 


73,0 


56.6 


55,3 


48.4 


50 6 


57.7 


51.8 


NIGMS 


1,256 


1,201 


1,173 


74.7 


77.9 


82.8 58.4 


54.5 


599 


21.0 


55.9 


49.1 


33.7 


65-0 


51.1 


NICHD 


936 


1.189 


1,324 


56.7 


625 


67.0 1 45.2 


487 


52.3 


49.0 


55.0 


47.5 


50.5 


57.7 


45.4 


NHLI 


1.044 


1,276 


1,559 


60.9 


63.0 


665 46.7 


38.1 


409 


71,2 


64.1 


49.4 


68.0 


73.9 


630 


NINDS 


883 


945 


1.181 


605 


60.5 


76.5 


46.4 


486 


57.1 


787 


584 


48.3 


72.4 


63.1 


59.1 


DRR 


93 


176 


191 


688 


727 


759 


66.5 


60.9 


57.9 


62,5 


80.5 


86,9 


75.7 


70.0 


89.0 


NLM 


71 


82 


84 


40.8 


29.3 


41.7 


37.1 


19.5 


397 


58,6 


83.3 


57.1 


42.3 


69.1 


56.4 



"All years include amended application 
prior to council review, ilndudes tho: 



and exclude applic 
withdrawn subsequ 



. FY 1974 includes FY 1973/74 released funds. tExcludes applic 



40 



NIH Research Fellowships, and Trainees Under Research Training Grants, by Field of Interest and Academic Level, Fiscal Year 1974 

(Amounts in thousands of dollars) 





Research fellowships" 


Number of trainees (full- & part-tim 
under research training grants* 


el 




Number* 


Amount 




Field of interest 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 




Pro- Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 




doctoral 


fessional§ demicli 




doctoral 


fessionals 


demicll 


Total 


114 


616 1,538 


$30,644 


7,076 


3,282 


1.149 


l/RD 














Health-related professions & activities 


93 


596 1,356 


27,631 


6,220 


3,259 


1,060 


General medical & biological sciences 


74 


256 1,274 


20,963 


5.3S8 


432 


864 


Anatomy 


3 


9 47 


877 


232 


14 


26 


Biochemistry 


12 


31 375 


5,147 


1,138 


16 


84 


Biophysics 


3 


6 71 


960 


421 


2 


51 


Microbiology 


22 


56 227 


4,044 


905 


29 


151 


Pathology 


2 


24 28 


745 


140 


206 


73 


Pharmacology 


4 


29 87 


1.758 


490 


34 


98 


Physiology 


13 


55 188 


3,585 


525 


53 


131 


Genetics 


5 


19 66 


1.069 


378 


19 


76 


Nutrition 


- 


3 14 


195 


87 


1 


3 


Cell biology 


2 


13 71 


1,031 


129 


2 


24 


Biology 


7 


7 54 


902 


264 


20 


56 


Other 


1 


4 46 


649 


649 


36 


91 


Clinical medicine 


3 


306 46 


5.325 


338 


2,732 


162 


Internal medicine 


2 


173 14 


2.808 


149 


1,234 


120 


Pediatrics 


- 


59 3 


861 


7 


182 


1 


Obstetrics-gynecology 


- 


7 


101 


- 


13 


- 


Radiology 


1 


10 5 


223 


38 


289 


12 


Surgery 


- 


21 1 


289 


6 


256 


7 


Otorhinolaryngology 


— 


1 4 


75 


35 


197 


8 


Ophthalmology 


- 


13 1 


246 


9 


135 


7 


Anesthesiology 




3 


41 




68 


2 


Neurology 


- 


9 14 


413 


11 


342 


4 


Other 


- 


10 4 


268 


83 


16 


1 



See footnotes at end of table 



41 



NIH Research Fellowships, and Trainees Under Research Training Grants, by Field of Interest and Academic Level, Fiscal Year 1974 (Cont.) 

{Amounts in thousands of dollars) 







Research felto 


(.ships' 




Number of trainees (full- & part-tin 
under research training grants- 


») 




Number): 


Amount 




Field of interest 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 




Pro- 


Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 




doctoral 


fessional 


demic II 




doctoral 


fessional § 


demidl 


Clinical dentistry 


- 


8 


3 


$ 201 


42 


49 


2 


Other health-related fields 


16 


26 


33 


1.142 


482 


46 


32 


Engineering, health-related 


16 


5 


14 


467 


254 


12 


8 


Veterinary medicine 


- 


15 


2 


295 


2 


19 


- 


Biostatistics 


1 


- 


9 


163 


151 


- 


15 


Epidemiology 


- 


5 


6 


163 


62 


15 


4 


Other 


- 


1 


2 


54 


13 


- 


5 


Community health fields 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


Environmental health fields 


2 


- 


5 


136 


90 


6 


20 


Psychology 


1 


4 


65 


987 


343 


5 


45 


Social sciences 


- 


1 


9 


108 


269 


3 


7 


Sociology 


- 


1 


4 


55 


128 


3 


5 


Anthropology 


- 


- 


4 


44 


123 


- 


2 


Other 


- 


- 


1 


9 


18 


- 


- 


Math, physical sciences, engr., other 


17 


15 


103 


1,768 


111 


2 


17 


Chemistry 


14 


- 


78 


1,033 


104 


2 


17 


Other fields 


3 


15 


25 


735 


7 


- 


- 


NLM 


1 


" 


- 


14 


41 


7 


- 



"Includes FY 1973/74 released funds, tSee breakdown p. 43. Training in FY 1974 but paid from FY 1973 funds. {Represents number of awards, not number of persons. § Holders of 
the M.D. or equivalent professional doctorate (D.D.S.. D.V.M., D.M.D., etc.), including those holding both professional and academic degrees. [I Holders of the Ph.D. or equivalent 
academic doctorate (D.Sc. D.P.H., D.Eng.. etc.). 



42 






Number of NIH Research Fellowships by NIH Component and Academic Level, Fiscal Years 1970-1974* 







1970 




1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 




Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Prs 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


NIH 


Pro- 


Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 


Pro- 


Aca- 


component 


doctoral 


fessional 


demic I 


doctoral 


fessional t 


demic t 


doctoral 


fessional t 


demic 1 


doctoral 


fessional 1 " 


demict 


doctoral 


fessional t 


demic^ 


Total 


1.114 


720 


976 


788 


675 


1,259 


350 


648 


1,273 


193 


338 


709 


114 


616 


1,538 


NIAID 


2 


54 


72 


1 


30 


65 


- 


34 


61 


- 


11 


30 


1 


42 


69 


NIAMDD 


2 


85 


114 


1 


97 


124 


2 


89 


124 


1 


38 


84 


1 


102 


190 


NCI 


1 


40 


139 


- 


36 


155 


- 


34 


163 


- 


25 


66 


- 


84 


321 


NICHD 


6 


25 


55 


4 


28 


68 


2 


31 


56 


- 


15 


29 


1 


52 


147 


NIDR 


7 


49 


9 


5 


51 


12 


4 


45 


15 


1 


28 


9 


1 


32 


38 


NIEHS 


5 


5 


5 


2 


3 


7 


2 


2 


8 


- 


1 


2 


- 


2 


40 


NEI 


- 


21 


17 


- 


29 


36 


6 


38 


63 


3 


14 


40 


- 


31 


73 


NIGMS 


1,079 


58 


303 


765 


70 


523 


328 


49 


502 


183 


31 


306 


102 


25 


279 


NHLI 


8 


97 


75 


6 


65 


86 


3 


51 


91 


3 


27 


41 


5 


70 


127 


NINDS 


1 


160 


154 


2 


150 


147 


2 


142 


131 


- 


73 


70 


1 


48 


192 


DRR 


- 


13 


- 


1 


11 


- 


1 


9 


2 


- 


3 


1 


- 


9 


3 


FIC 


3 


113 


29 


1 


104 


33 


- 


122 


52 


- 


71 


27 


1 


119 


59 


NLM 


- 


- 


4 


- 


1 


3 


- 


2 


5 


2 


1 


4 


1 


" 


- 



'Represents number of awards, not number of persons. FY 1974 includes fellowships paid from FY 1973/74 released funds. tHolders of the M.D. or equiva- 
lent professional doctorate (D.D.S., D.V.M., D.M.D., etc.), including those holding both professional and academic degrees. ^Holders of the Ph.D. or equiva- 
lent academic doctorate (D.Sc, D.P.H., D.Eng., etc. I. 



43 



NUMBER OF NIH TRAINEES UNDER RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND ACADEMIC LEVEL. FISCAL YEARS 1970-1974* 





1970 




1971 




1972 


1973 


1974 




Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Pra- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


NIH 
component 


Pro- Aca- 
fessional* demicl 


Pro- Aea- 
fessional demicl 


J Pre- 
| doctoral 


Pro- Aca- 
fessionalT demicl 


Pro Aca- 
fessional* demicl 


Pro- Aca- 
fessional* demicl 



Total 


6.4S5 


3,152 


769 


6,132 


3,019 


894 


6,272 


3,039 


985 


6.228 


2,966 


996 


5.102 


2,745 


746 


NIAID 


480 


147 


83 


444 


165 


89 


489 


173 


104 


487 


161 


no 


382 


147 


91 


MIAMDD 


52 


607 




52 


612 


102 


53 


613 


103 


59 


600 


94 


40 


568 


67 


MCI 


174 


220 


77 


205 


238 


108 


220 


273 


102 


255 


322 


127 


215 


313 


106 


MICHD 


645 


123 


109 


568 


111 


123 


595 


101 


137 


584 


102 


131 


389 


78 


85 


MIDR 


135 


164 


13 


132 


172 




139 


161 


16 


121 


146 


13 


100 


121 


10 


MIEHS 


305 


5 


18 


275 


14 


24 


269 


15 


32 


205 


11 


35 


162 


7 


18 


MEI 


5 


150 


3 




109 


2 


1 


68 




4 


66 


13 


7 


68 


13 


MIGMS 


4.270 


606 


254 


4.093 


558 


276 


4,142 


523 


303 


4.186 


436 


297 


3.528 


356 


203 


MHLI 


246 


519 


70 


198 


509 


77 


179 


577 


100 


176 


586 


93 


158 


581 


78 


MINDS 


98 


583 


63 


97 


509 


76 


90 


508 


82 


96 


508 


82 


85 


486 


75 


DRR 




22 


- 


- 


22 


- 


- 


25 


- 


- 


23 


- 


- 


13 


- 


NLM 


75 


6 


5 


67 


- 


- 


95 


2 


2 


55 


5 


1 


36 


7 


- 



Total 


4.103 


1.128 


618 


3,548 


1.034 


604 


3.192 


920 


662 


2.777 


860 


664 


1,974 


537 


403 


NIAID 


3B8 


58 


63 


301 


56 


54 


291 


41 


83 


264 


36 


99 


174 


22 


41 


NIAMDD 


277 


132 


34 


215 


119 


42 


191 


99 


36 


111 


89 


43 


15 


54 


17 


NCI 


709 


149 


72 


523 


127 


50 


489 


107 


65 


425 


120 




175 


63 


45 


NICHD 


307 


40 


80 


212 


42 


66 


246 


36 


63 


194 


24 


52 


127 


7 


43 


NIDR 


190 


45 


6 


211 


50 


13 


193 


51 


20 


152 


52 


15 


36 


25 


11 


NIEHS 


129 


3 


17 


129 


5 


23 


113 


3 


32 


63 


3 


23 


43 




21 


NEI 


31 


144 




14 


140 


2 


7 


128 


2 


10 


104 


5 


9 


71 


5 


NIGMS 


1.304 


156 


249 


1,261 


158 


256 


1.110 


118 


266 


1.118 


113 


217 


1.174 


87 


160 


NHLI 


519 


175 


50 


477 


149 


62 


369 


141 


57 


318 


142 


70 


146 


69 


29 


NINDS 


238 


220 


43 


192 


181 


36 


162 


189 


38 


114 


170 


66 


69 


136 


31 


DRR 


- 


6 


- 


1 


6 


- 


1 


7 


- 


- 


6 


- 


1 


3 


- 


NLM 


11 


- 


- 


12 


' 


- 


20 


- 


- 


8 


1 


- 


5 


- 


- 



e holding both profe* 



c degrees (105 in FY 1974, 77 full t 



44 



OCCUPATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF NIH PERSONNEL 

12,055 SCIENTIFIC AND SUPPORTIVE WORKERS. NOVEMBER 30. 1974 



O CCU PA TIONAL 



FUNCTIONAL 



PLANT 
OPERATION & 
MAINTENANCE 




COLLABORATIVE 



OCCUPATIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF NIH PERSONNEL - November 30, 1974* 



45 



ODs 
(NIH&I/RD) 



Central 

services' 



Institutes 
&DRR 



Total 

Professional and scientific 

Intramural research 

Collaborative research and support 

Research management and program services 

Other 
Subprofessional and technical support 

Intramural research 

Collaborative research 

Research management and program services 

Other 
Administrative, clerical, and office services 

Intramural research 

Collaborative research and support 

Research management and program services 

Other 
Plant operation and maintenance 

Intramural research 

Collaborative research and support 

Research management and program services 

Other 



12,055 


387 


5,013 


6,071 


4,123 


85 


935 


2,928 


2,236 


- 


- 


2,236 


330 


- 


- 


330 


362 


— 


— 


362 


1,195 


85 


935 


- 


1,923 


- 


818 


1,032 


888 


- 


- 


888 


122 


- 


- 


122 


22 


- 


- 


22 


891 


- 


818 


- 


4,646 


301 


1,964 


2,049 


752 


— 


- 


752 


164 


- 


- 


164 


1,133 


- 


- 


1,133 


2,597 


301 


1,964 


- 


1,363 


1 


1,296 


62 


56 


- 


- 


56 


5 


_ 


_ 


5 


1,301 


1 


1,296 


- 



525 
162 



'Includes full-time and regular part-time civil service employees, commissioned officers, staff fellows, and visiting scientists, at Bethesda and in the field. tCC, DCRT, 
DRG, DRSandODA. 



46 



FUNCTIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF NIH PERSONNEL - November 30, 1974* 
Total staff 12,055 



Intramural research 

Professional and scientific 

Doctorate 

No n doctorate 
Subprofessional and technical su[ 
Other 

Collaborative research and support 
Professional and scientific 

Doctorate 

Nondoctorate 
Other 

Research management and program 
Professional and scientific 

Doctorate 

Nondoctorate 
Other 



Fogarty I nt< 



I Center 



Central services 
Clinical Center 

Professional and scientific 

Other 
Division of Computer Research & Technology 

Professional and scientific 

Other 
Division of Research Grants 

Professional and scientific 

Other 
Division of Research Services 

Professional and scientific 

Other 
OD - Administration 

Professional and scientific 

Other 



Program direction 
OD - NIH 

Professional and scientific 



ational Library of Medic 
Professional and scient 



ODs- l/RD 

Professional and scientific 
Other 



, staff fellows, and visiting scientists, at Bethesda and in the field, tlncludes all r 



NIH PROFESSIONAL STAFF 

2.280 PROFESSIONALS WITH DOCTORATE DEGREES. NOVEMBER 30. 1974 



47 



D.D.S..D.V.M. 
& OTHER 



6% / BEHAVIORAL - 5% OF Ph.D.s 




BIOLOGICAL - 68% OF Ph.D.s 



PHYSICAL - 19% OF Ph.D.s 



10% OF M.D.s HAVE OTHER - 8% OF Ph.D.s 

OTHER DOCTORATE 



48 



NIH PROFESSIONAL STAFF WITH DOCTORATE DEGREES, BY TYPE OF DOCTORATE AND DISCIPLINE* 

November 30, 1974 



Type of doctorate 




Number 




Distribution of Ph.D.s by discipline 






Total with doctorate 




2,280 


Biological 




719 


Behavioral 




51 










Biochemistry 


234 




Psychology 


43 




M.D. 






1,088 


Microbiology 


108 




Social sciences 


8 




(M.D.s with other 


doctorates) 


(112) 




Biology 
Physiology 


81 
73 




Physical 




204 


Ph.D. 






1,053 


Pharmacology 


51 




Chemistry 


186 




Biological 




719 




Zoology 


42 




Physics 


18 




Behavioral 




51 




Bacteriology 


38 










Physical 




204 




Genetics 


26 




Other 




79 


Other 




79 




Biophysics 
Entomology 


23 

14 




Engineering 
Statistics 


19 
12 




D.V.M. 






53 


Anatomy 


9 




Mathematics 


10 




D.D.S. 






49 


Speech pathology 


5 




Pharmacy 


4 




D.Sc. 






21 


Plant pathology 


3 




Computer science 


2 




D.M.D. 






3 


Biometrics and biostatistics 


2 




Education 


2 




D.P.H. 






3 


Plant physiology 


2 




Language 


2 




D.M.Sc. 






2 


Radiobiology 


2 




Public health 


1 




Eng.D. 






2 


Botany 


2 




Nursing 


1 




Other 






6 


Husbandry 
Embryology 
Human pathology 


2 

1 
1 




Philosophy 
Other 


1 
25 





'Includes full-time and regular part-time civil service employees, commissioned officers, staff fellows, and visiting scientists, at Bethesda and in the field. 



49 

CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF NIH PROGRAMS 

Research laboratory founded at Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., to meet new responsibilities of Marine 
Hospital Service. 

Hygienic Laboratory moves from Staten Island to Service headquarters, Washington, D.C. 

Advisory Board for the Hygienic Laboratory established; later to become National Advisory Health Council. 
Act of Congress makes Service responsible for biologies control. 

Name of Public Health & Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health Service (PHS). 

Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Institute of Health (NIH) under the Ransdell Act, 5/26. 

Congress authorizes National Cancer Institute (NCI), 8/15. First research grants. 

National Institute of Health moves to land donated by Mr. and Mrs. Luke I. Wilson at Bethesda, Md. First 
research fellowships (NCI). 

Public Health Service Act, giving general research authority, 7/1 . 

Research grants extended, with central NIH responsibility. 

Division of Research Grants (DRG) established to review and evaluate applications for NIH grants to 
non-Federal institutions and scientists. 

First training grants (NCI). DRG starts research fellowship program. 



50 



1948 National Heart Institute authorized; other laboratories regrouped to form National Microbiological Institute 
(NMI), Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute (EBMI), and National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR). 
NIH becomes National Institutes of Health (NIH), 6/16. 

1949 Mental hygiene program of Public Health Service transferred to NIH and expanded to become National 
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). 

1950 "Omnibus Medical Research Act," 8/15. National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Blindness (NINDB) and 
National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD) established, the latter absorbing EBMI. 

1953 Public Health Service becomes a constituent of newly created Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
(DHEW). Clinical Center opens. 

1955 NMI becomes National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Division of Biologies Standards 
formed, assuming NMI's biologies control function. Division of Research Services (DRS) created. 

1956 Health Research Facilities Act, authorizing program of matching grants for research construction in 
non-Federal institutions. 

1958 Division of General Medical Sciences (DGMS) created. 

1960 PHS Act amended to provide for general support of research and research training programs in nonprofit 
institutions. International Health Research Act extends NIH international programs. 

1962 Division of Research Facilities & Resources (DRFR) formed. National Library of Medicine (NLM), constituent 
of PHS since 1956, moves to NIH reservation. 



51 



Two Institutes (authorized in 1962) established — National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 
superseding DGMS, and National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD). 

Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT) established. 

Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) created to administer the "Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke 
Amendments of 1965." 

Division of Environmental Health Sciences (DEHS) established. 

National Institute of Mental Health becomes separate bureau of PHS, 1/1. 

John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) established. National 
Eye Institute (NEI) created. NINDB becomes National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Stroke (NINDS). 

PHS reorganized under Assistant Secretary for Health & Scientific Affairs, DHEW. Bureau of Health 
Manpower (BHM), formed in PHS the previous year, and NLM become constituents of NIH, 4/1. DRMP 
transferred to new Health Services & Mental Health Administration, PHS. Lister Hill National Center for 
Biomedical Communications established at NLM. 

DEHS becomes National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). National Heart Institute 
renamed National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI). 

Family Planning Services and Population Research Act. 

National Cancer Program established. Sickle Cell Disease Program initiated in NHLI. 



52 

1972 NIAMD becomes National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). National Heart, 
Blood Vessel, Lung, & Blood Disease Program established. Division of Biologies Standards transferred to Food 
& Drug Administration (FDA-PHS), where it becomes Bureau of Biologies, 7/1. NCI and NHLI gain bureau 
status within NIH. National Cooley's Anemia Control Act. 

1973 PHS reorganization establishes new agencies: Health Resources Administration (HRA), Health Services 
Administration (HSA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), and Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health 
Administration (ADAMHA). Bureau of Health Manpower Education (BHME, formerly BHM) transferred to 
HRA, 7/1 . See current organization chart, page i. 

1974 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act. National Institute on Aging (NIA) established, 5/31. National Research 
Act revises research training authority. National Diabetes Mellitus Research and Education Act. 

1975 National Arthritis Act. 



53 



ABBREVIATIONS 



AEC — Atomic Energy Commission 
ADAMHA - Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & 



lental Health 



Administration 
A & S - Arts & Sciences 
BHM — Bureau of Health Manpower 
BHME — Bureau of Health Manpower Education 
CC - Clinical Center 
CDC — Center for Disease Control 
DBS — Division of Biologies Standards 
DCRT — Division of Computer Research & Technology 
DEHS — Division of Environmental Health Sciences 
DGMS — Division of General Medical Sciences 
DHEW - Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
DLA — Division of Legislative Analysis 
DoD — Department of Defense 
DRFR — Division of Research Facilities & Resources 
DRG — Division of Research Grants 



DRMP — Division of Regional Medical Programs 

DRR — Division of Research Resources 

DRS — Division of Research Services 

EBMI — Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 

FDA — Food & Drug Administration 

FIC — John E. Fogarty International Center for 
Advanced Study in the Health Sciences 

FY - fiscal year (July 1 - June 30) 

GRS — General Research Support Program 

HRA — Health Resources Administration 

HSA — Health Services Administration 

HSMHA - Health Services & Mental Health 
Administration 

l/RD — Institutes & Research Divisions 

NASA — National Aeronautics & Space Administration 

NBS — National Bureau of Standards 

NCI — National Cancer Institute 



54 



NEI — National Eye Institute 

NHLI - National Heart & Lung Institute 

NIAID - National Institute of Allergy & Infectious 
Diseases 

Nl AMD - National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic 
Diseases 

NIAMDD - National Institute of Arthritis, 
Metabolism & Digestive Diseases 

NICHD - National Institute of Child Health & 
Human Development 

NIDR — National Institute of Dental Research 

NIEHS — National Institute of Environmental Health 
Sciences 

NIGMS - National Institute of General Medical 
Sciences 

NIH - National Institute of Health or National 
Institutes of Health 



NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health 

NINDB - National Institute of Neurological 
Diseases & Blindness 

NINDS — National Institute of Neurological Disease 
& Stroke 

NLM — National Library of Medicine 

NSF — National Science Foundation 

OD - Office of the Director 

OD-ADMIN, ODA - Offices of the Associate Director 
for Administration 

OMB — Office of Management & Budget 

OPPE — Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

PHS - Public Health Service 

RCAs — Research Career Awards 

R&D — research & development 



55 

OUTLINE OF CONTENTS BY PAGE 

Page 

I. Organization of PHS and NIH i 

II. NIH in the national health scene 1-9 

A. Health R&D cost 1-9 

1. In relation to total health cost, 1964 - 74 1,2 

a. By selected categories 1,2 

b. By source of funds (public, private) 2 

2. In relation to total R&D cost, 1964 & 74 3 

3. By source of funds 2-9 

a. Public or private, 1964 - 74 2 

b. In relation to total R&D cost, 1964 & 74 3 

c. By sector, 1 950 - 74 3-7 

d. In current and constant dollars, 1964 - 74 4 

e. NIH portion, 1950-75 6, 7, 9 

f . By Federal agency, 1 950 - 74 7 

4. By performer, 1 950 - 74 3, 5 

B. Federal R&D cost, 1 974 8, 9 

1 . By agency 8 

2. In support of academic institutions 8 

3. NIH portion by funding mechanism, 1955 - 74 9 



56 

Page 

III. NIH appropriations and obligations 10-1 

A. Appropriations by function (and funding mechanism) and organization (l/RD and 

NLM aggregates only), 1963- 74 10, 11 

B. Obligations 

1. By function (and funding mechanism), 1955 - 75 12-16 

2. By function (and funding mechanism) and organization: 

a. I/RD and NLM (aggregates), 1968-75 13, 14 

b. Institutes and Divisions, 1974 15 

c. NLM, 1974 16 

IV. NIH awards (both number and amount unless noted) 17-43 

A. All awards, by funding mechanism 17-27 

1. I/RD and NLM (aggregates), 1963-74 17 

2. NLM, 1 968 - 74 18 

3. By NIH component, 1974 19 

4. By State (amount only), 1974 20-22 

5. By performer (and no. of institutions), 1 974 23, 24 

6. To schools, by component, 1 974 25, 26 

7. For R&D (amount and percent distribution), 1967 - 74 27 

B. Research grants 28-39 

1. By funding mechanism 

a. Research projects and program projects & centers,! 967 - 74 28 



57 

Page 

b. By type (new, renewal, continuation, etc.), 1974 32 

c. By NIH component, 1974 34, 35 

d. Research project grants, by discipline or field, 1973 - 74 36, 37 

2. By type (new, renewal, continuation, etc.) 

a. All research grants (except RCAs), 1967 - 74 29 

b. Research project grants, 1 967 - 74 30 

c. Program project and center grants, 1976 - 74 31 

d. By funding mechanism, 1 974 32 

e. By NIH component, 1974 33 

f. Competing; number reviewed, recommended, awarded; 1964 - 74 38 

g. Competing; approval and award rates, by NIH components; 1970, 72, 74 39 

3. By NIH component 

a. By type, 1974 33 

b. By funding mechanism, 1 974 34, 35 

c. Competing; approval and award rates; 1 970, 72, 74 39 

C. RCAs, R&D contracts, training grants, fellowships, construction grants 

1. I/RD and NLM (aggregates), 1963- 74 17 

2. NLM, 1968-74 18 

3. By NIH component, 1974 19 

4. By State (amount only), 1974 20-22 

5. By performer (and no. of institutions), 1 974 23, 24 



58 

Page 

6. To schools, by component, 1 974 25, 26 

7. Research project grants and R&D contracts, by discipline or field (and percent), 1973 - 74 36, 37 

8. Fellowships and trainees, by academic level 40-43 

a. By field of interest, 1 974 40, 41 

b. Fellowships, by NIH component (number only), 1970 -74 42 

c. Trainees under training grants, by NIH component (number only), full- and part-time, 1970-74 .... 43 

V. NIH staff, 11/30/74 44-48 

A. Occupational and functional distribution 44-46 

1 . Percents 44 

2. Occupational distribution, numbers 45 

3. Functional distribution, numbers 46 

B. Professional staff by degree 47, 48 

1 . Percents 47 

2. Numbers 48 

3. Ph. D.s by discipline 48 

VI. History of NIH, 1887 - 1975 49-52 

VII. Abbreviations 53, 54 

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1975 O - 570-260 



BASIC 
DATA 



I 



NATIONAL 
STITUTEJ 



L. O F H E A LT H 

1976 



PRINTED IN LIMITED QUANTITY FOR ADMINISTRATIVE USE 

Prepared by the staffs of the 

Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

and the 

Division of Research Grants 

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
February 1976 



DHEW 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE 



FDD 


AOAMHA 


CDC 



HSJ NIH HRA 



NATIONAL INSTITUTES 



•lATiOilAL CANCER INSTITUTE 'NATIONAL HEART I LUNG INSTITUTE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE 



RESEARCH 8 SUPPORT DIVISIONS 



TECHNICAL NOTE 



Basic Data Relating to the National Institutes of Health has 
been published annually since 1961. Single copies of the 
current issue are available at NIH information offices for 
administrative use. 

Data are derived from NIH records and studies unless 
otherwise noted. The Special Projects Branch, DLA-OPPE, 
plans, edits, and publishes. The Division of Resources 
Analysis, OPPE, develops the data on national support for 
health R&D from annual surveys and other sources. The 
Statistics and Analysis Branch, DRG, compiles the data on 
NIH awards. The Divisions of Financial Management and 
Personnel Management, OA, are the sources of information 
on NIH budget and staff. (See "Abbreviations.") 
Programs that have been transferred out of NIH - NIMH, 
DRMP, DBS, and BHME - are excluded from all data 
except national and Federal time series. DRR, though 
located in BHME from 4/68 to 9/70, is always included 
with the institutes and research divisions. The NIMH 
portion of GRS grants, which are administered by DRR, is 
included in all award data through 1974 unless noted. See 
the chronology for major organizational changes. 
"Health R&D" denotes medical and health-related projects, 
resources, and general support, but no training or construc- 
tion. The NIH component of national R&D data (pages 1-6 



and 18) contains certain items not classified as R&D in 
other tables on obligations, such as foreign currency pro- 
grams and portions of cancer control, NLM, and manage- 
ment and services. 

Funds withheld in FY 1973 and later released for use are 
reflected in 1974 and 1975 obligation and award data. 
All award data exclude scientific evaluation grants. Re- 
search career program awards are included under research 
project grants and total research grants unless shown 
separately or noted. Supplemental awards, unless noted, are 
combined with their parent awards or with other supple- 
ments when made from the same fiscal-year funds, and are 
always excluded from numbers of fellowships. 
Differences between "obligations" and "awards" are due 
to differences in treatment of certain items (cancer control, 
scientific evaluation grants, GRS programs, etc.) in the 
accounting methods used by the various data sources. The 
largest difference reflects the handling of cancer control, 
which is identified in appropriations and obligations tables 
but integrated with R&D grants and contracts in award 
presentations. Details may not add exactly to totals because 
of rounding. 

W. T. Carrigan and Ann B. Armstrong, editors 
(301-496-4591) 



CONTENTS 

NIH in the National Health Scene 

Page 

National Health R&D, 1965 and 1975, as a Proportion of . , . (Figure 1) 1 

National Support for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 1974 (Figure 2) 2 

National Support for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 1960-1974 (Table 1) 3 

NIH R&D Funds as a Proportion of Nation's Health R&D Support, 1965-1975 Est. (Figure 3) 4 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Agency, Fiscal Years 1960, 1965, and 1970-1974 (Table 2) 5 

NIH in Fiscal Year 1974 Funded . . . (Figure 4) 6 

Mortality from the 25 Leading Causes: United States, 1971, 1973, and 1974 Provisional (Table 3) 7 

Estimated Number of Discharges and Average Length of Stay for Inpatients Discharged from Short-Stay Hospitals, 

by Selected First-Listed Diagnostic Conditions: United States, 1971 and 1973 (Table 4) 8 

Bed Disability and Limitation of Activity Due to Selected Conditions, United States, 1971 and 1974 (Table 5) 9 

NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

Consolidated NIH Appropriations by Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1950-1975 (Table 6) 10 

NIH Obligations by Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1950-1975 (Table 7) 12 

Comparison of Price Deflators, Fiscal Years 1965-1975 (Table 8) 14 

NIH Obligations by Institute and Research Division, Fiscal Years 1965-1975, in Current and Constant Dollars (Table 9) 15 

NIH Obligations by Function/Mechanism and Organization (Institutes and Research Divisions), Fiscal Year 1975 

(Table 10) 16 



NLM Actual Obligations by Function/Mechanism and Organization, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 11) 17 

NIH Funds Obligated for R&D, Fiscal Years 1955-1975 (Figure 5) 18 

NIH Awards 

NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1963-1975 (Table 12) 19 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 13) 20 

NIH Awards by Geographic Location and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 14) 21 

NIH Awards for R&D and Their Percentage Distribution, Fiscal Years 1967-1975 (Figure 6) 24 

Percentage Distribution of NIH Awards for R&D by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1967 and 1975 (Figure 7) 25 

NIH Awards by Performer and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 15) 26 

Percentage Distribution of NIH Research Grants by NIH Component and by Performer, Fiscal Years 1968 and 1975 

(Figure 8) 28 

Percentage Distribution of NIH R&D Contracts by NIH Component and by Performer, Fiscal Years 1968 and 1975 

(Figure 9) 29 

NIH R&D Grants and Contracts by Performer, Fiscal Years 1970-1975 (Table 16) 30 

The Top 20 Institutions in NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 17) 31 

NIH Awards to Domestic Institutions of Higher Education by Major Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 

1975 (Table 18) 32 

NIH Awards to U.S. Medical Schools by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1967-1975 (Table 19) 34 

The Top 20 Medical Schools in NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 20) 35 

NIH Research Project Grants and R&D Contracts by Primary Scientific Discipline or Field, Fiscal Years 1971 and 1975 

(Table 21) 36 



NIH Research Grants by Type, Fiscal Years 1967-1975 (Figure 10) 38 

NIH Research Grants by Funding Mechanism and Type, Fiscal Year 1975 (Table 22) 39 

NIH Competing and Noncompeting Research Grants by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1970 and 1972-1975 (Table 23) 40 

NIH Competing Research Grant Applications Reviewed, Approved by Councils, and Awarded, Fiscal Years 1967-1975 

(Figure 11) 41 

Council-Approval Rates and Award Rates for NIH Competing Research Grant Applications by NIH Component, Fiscal 

Years 1967 and 1975 (Table 24) 42 

Number of NIH Research Fellowships by NIH Component and Academic Level, Fiscal Years 1971-1975 (Table 25) 43 

Number of NIH Trainees Under Research Training Grants by NIH Component and Academic Level, Fiscal Years 1971- 

1975 (Table 26) 44 

NIH Staff 

NIH Personnel by Type of Occupation, September 30, 1969-1975 (Table 27) 45 

NIH Permanent Full-Time Personnel by NIH Component and Function, June 30, 1968 and 1975 (Figure 12) 46 

NIH Personnel by NIH Component and Pay System, September 30, 1975 (Table 28) 47 

NIH Permanent Full-Time Staff with Doctoral Degrees, by Type of Doctorate, September 30, 1969-1975 (Table 29) 48 

Chronology of Important Events in the Development of NIH Programs 49 

Abbreviations 53 

Index 55 

Index by Funding Mechanism (Table 30) 56 



Figure 1 
NATIONAL HEALTH R&D, 1965 AND 1975, AS A PROPORTION OF . 



TOTAL HEALTH COST* 



$33.4 BILLION 



$120.4 BILLION 



CONSTRUCTION 

DRUGS, 

APPLIANCES 

& OTHER 

EXPENSES 



PHYSICIANS'. 
DENTISTS' 
& OTHER PROFES- 
SIONAL SERVICES 



HOSPITALS 

NURSING HOME 

CARE 



TOTAL R&D COST » 

$20.1 BILLION $35.0 BILLION 



al Security Administratic 



; of R&D and therefore of totals. 



1965 

rith NIH data. tFrom NSF and NIH. 



SOURCE OF 
SUPPORT 



ALL SOURCES 
$4,452 



FEDERAL 
$2,754 



STATE 
$284 



INDUSTRY 
$1,187 

PRIVATE 
NONPROFIT 
$227 



Figure 2 
NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, 1974 

(Dollars in millions) 



PERFORMER 




NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, 19601974- Or 



Sector 




1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 1965 1966 1967 


1B6S 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


Total of A o 


rB 


$932 


$1,129 


$1,372 


$1,561 


51,730 $1,925 $2,147 S2.380 


$2,600 


$2,806 


$2,856 


$3,162 


$3,515 


$3,734 


$4,452 














A. BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 

















1.623 
1.459 



2.095 
1,877 



2.387 
2,147 



2.493 
2.225 



3.038 
2.754 



Industry 
Private nonprofit 



8 BY PERFORMER 



Industry 
Private nonprofit 



964 


1,042 


1.230 


1.719 


1,780 


2,217 


1.366 


1.409 


1.740 



l agencies. Data for 1975-1976 v 



mlable in April 1976 from Divis 



Figure 3 
NIH R&D FUNDS AS A PROPORTION OF NATION'S HEALTH R&D SUPPORT, 1965-1975 EST. 

(Dollars in millions) 



$5,000 



3,000 




67 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 EST. 



'65 '66 '67 

'Constant dollars based on biomedical R&D defla 



SS- : 



al 



OTHER 
FEDERAL 



Table 2 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY AGENCY, FISCAL YEARS 1960, 1965, AND 1970-1974* (In millions of dollars) 



Agency 



Total 

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 
National Institutes of Healtht 
Other Public Health Servicef 
Other DHEW# 

Other Federal 

Department of Agriculture 

Department of Defense 

Department of Interior 

Department of Transportation 

Energy Research & Development Administration (AEC) 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

National Science Foundation 

Veterans Administration 

Other Departments and agencies 



448.2 


$1,174.1 


$1,666.6 


$1,876.6 


$2,147.3 


$2,225.3 


$2,753.6 


310.7 


826.2 


1,177.0 


1,316.0 


1,584.3 


1,609.9 


2,092.2 


280.6 


715.1 


873.3 


1,038.9 


1,271.3 


1,323.2 


1,736.8 


20.5 


66.8 


248.1 


247.7 


276.0 


255.4 


315.1 


9.6 


44.4 


55.6 


29.4 


37.0 


31.3 


40.2 



15.1 


40.5 


50.1 


60.3 


67.3 


61.1 


59.7 


41.5 


101.3 


124.9 


124.2 


126.0 


126.6 


119.0 


.7 


.6 


12.4 


22.6 


34.9 


33.3 


33.3 


.8 


2.8 


9.7 


41.9 


39.0 


65.0 


64.8 


50.3 


84.6 


104.2 


104.9 


102.7 


110.6 


121.4 


.9 


60.0 


85.9 


74.9 


50.3 


42.3 


80.1 


11.9 


19.7 


28.0 


34.3 


37.2 


45.5 


47.0 


15.1 


36.9 


58.7 


62.7 


68.9 


74.2 


84.0 


1.3 


1.8 


15.6 


34.8 


36.8 


56.9 


52.2 



'Data for 19751976 will be available in April 1976 from Division of Resources Analysis, OPPE-NIH (301496-2581). TAs organized in year specified, fin 
1974: ADAMHA, CDC, FDA, HRA, HSA, and Office of Assistant Secretary for Health, fin 1974: SSA, SRS, and Office of Secretary. 



Figure 4 
NIH IN FISCAL YEAR 1974 FUNDED. 



10% OF ALL FEDERALLY 
SUPPORTED R&D 




OTHER DHEW 



$17.4 BILLION 

SOURCES NSFj/hINIH 



FEDERAL SUPPORT. FY 1974 


II 


M MILLIONS) 




AGENCY 


ALL FED. 
R&D 


R&D AT 
ACAD. 

INST. 


TOTAL 


S17.438 


S2.215 


DHEW 


2.290 


1.208 


NIH 


1.737 


1,027 


OTHER 


553 


181 


NSF 


556 


389 


DOD 


8,420 


198 


NASA 


3,002 


99 


ERDA 


1.489 


94 


OTHER 


1.680 


227 



47% OF FEDERALLY SUPPORTED R&D 
AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS 








1971 


1973 


1974 Provisional 










Percent of 








Percent of 








Percent of 


Underlying ca 


jse of death and ICDA codes" 


Rank 


Number 


Rate*. 


all deaths 


Rank 


Number 


Rate* 


all deaths 


Rank 


Number 


Ratef 


all deaths 


Atlca 






1,927,542 


934.7 


100.0% 




1.973,003 


940.2 


100.0% 




1,933.000 


9144 


100.0% 


Diseases of heart 


1390-398, 404, 410-429) 


1 


743,368 


360.5 


38.6 


1 


757,075 


360.8 


38.4 


1 


746.480 


353.1 


386 


Malignant neoplasms 


(140-2091 


2 


337,398 


163.6 


17.5 


2 


351,055 


167.3 


17.8 


2 


358.400 


169.5 


18.5 


Cerebrovascular diseases 


(430-4381 


3 


209,092 


101.4 


10.8 


3 


214,313 


102,1 


10.9 


3 


205.380 


97.2 


10.6 




(E800-E949) 




113,439 


55.0 


5.9 


4 


115,821 


55.2 


5.9 




103.320 


48.9 


5.3 


Influenza and pneumon 


a 1470-474, 480-4861 


5 


57,194 


27.7 


3.0 


5 


62,559 


29.8 


3.2 


5 


64,310 


25.7 


2.8 


Certain causes of death 


n early infancy (760-769.2, 774-778) 


6 


38.494 


18.7 


2.0 


9 


30,503 


14.5 


1.5 


9 


27,960 


13.2 


1.4 


Diabetes mellitus 


1250) 


7 


38,256 


18.6 


2.0 


6 


38,208 


18.2 


1.9 


6 


36,850 


17.4 


1.9 


Cirrhosis of liver 


16711 


8 


31,808 


15.4 


1.7 


7 


33,350 


15.9 


1.7 


7 


33,870 


16.0 


1.7 


Arteriosclerosis 


1440) 


9 


31,521 


15.3 


1.6 


8 


32,617 


15.5 


1.6 


8 


32.050 


15.2 


1.7 


Bronchitis, emphysema. 


asthma (490-4931 


10 


30,284 


14.7 


1.6 


10 


29.708 


14.2 


1.5 


11 


26.260 


12.4 


1.4 


Suicide 


(E950-E959) 


11 


24,092 


11.7 


1.3 


11 


25,118 


12.0 


1.3 


10 


26.430 


12.5 


1.4 


Homicide 


IE960-E978) 


12 


18.787 


9.1 


1.0 


12 


20.465 


9.8 


1.0 


12 


20,780 


9.8 


1.1 




(740-759) 


13 


15,957 


7.7 


0.8 


13 


14,062 


6.7 


0.7 


13 


13,840 


6.5 


0.7 


Nephritis and nephrosis 


(680-584) 


14 


8,443 


4.1 


0.4 


14 


8,336 


4.0 


0.4 


14 


7,970 


3.8 


0.4 


Peptic ulcer 


(531-533) 


15 


8,120 


3.9 


0.4 


15 


7,688 


3.7' 


0.4 


16 


6,950 


3.3 


0.4 


Hypertension 


(400,401.403) 


16 


7,837 


3.8 


0.4 


16 


7,428 


3.6 


0.4 


16 


7.150 


3.4 


0.4 


Infections of kidney 


(590) 


17 


7,558 


3.7 


0.4 


18 


6,134 


2.9 


0.3 


18 


5,580 


2.6 


0.3 


Hernia and intestinal obstruction (550-553. 560) 


18 


6,989 


3.4 


0.4 


17 


6,746 


3.2 


0.3 


17 


6.300 


3.0 


0.3 


Neoplasms, benign and u 


nspecified (210-239) 


19 


4,958 


2.4 


0.3 


19 


5,013 


2.4 


0.3 


20 


4,540 


2.1 


02 


Tuberculosis, all forms 


(010-019) 


20 


4,501 


2.2 


0.2 


21 


3,875 


1.8 


0.2 


21 


3.770 


1.8 


0.2 


Septicemia 


(038) 


21 


3,907 


1.9 


0.2 


20 


4,560 


2.2 


0.2 


19 


6.390 


2.5 


0.3 


Cholelithiasis, cholecyst 


tis, cholangitis (574,575) 


22 


3.736 


1.8 


0.2 


22 


3,422 


1.6 


0.2 


22 


3,270 


1.5 


0,2 


Anemias 


(280285) 


23 


3,449 


1.7 


0.2 


23 


3,318 


1.6 


0.2 


23 


3,040 


1.4 


0.2 


Nutritional deficiencies 


(260-269) 


24 


2,537 


1.2 


0.1 


24 


2,576 


1.2 


0.1 


24 


2.790 


1.3 


0,1 


Enteritis and other diarr 


Heal diseases (008, 009) 


25 


2.466 


1.2 


0.1 


25 


2,322 


1.1 


0.1 


25 


2,370 


1.1 


0.1 


All other causes 






173.352 


84.0 


9.0 




186,731 


890 


9.5 




187.950 


89.2 


98 



'Based on Eighth Revision, International Classification of Diseases. Adapted for Use in the United States. 11974 c 



Table 4 

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF DISCHARGES AND AVERAGE LENGTH OF STAY FOR INPATIENTS DISCHARGED FROM SHORT-STAY HOSPITALS, 

BY SELECTED FIRST-LISTED DIAGNOSTIC CONDITIONS: UNITED STATES, 1971 AND 1973' 







1971 


1973 










Average 








Average 




st 




Hospital discharges 


length of stay 




Hospital discharges 


length of stay 


Diagnostic condition and ICDA cod 


Rank 


Number 


Rate? 


Rank Days 


Rank 


Number 


Rate? 


Rank Days 


Total discharges^ 






29,459 


1,458 


7.8 




32,125 


1,561 


7.8 


Diarrheal diseases 


(009) 


16 


311 


15 


13 4.7 


16 


319 


15 


13 4.0 


Malignant neoplasms 


(140-209) 


3 


1,196 


59 


2 14.1 


3 


1,388 


67 


2 13.6 


Benign and unspecified neoplasms 


(210-239) 


6 


698 


35 


9 6.5 


6 


774 


38 


9 6.7 


Diabetes mellitus 


(2501 


13 


430 


21 


5 11.3 


12 


501 


24 


5 11.1 


Ischemic heart disease 


(410-414) 


2 


1,479 


73 


3 12.6 


2 


1,707 


83 


3 11.8 


Acute myocardial infarction 


(4101 




336 


17 


16.4 




354 


17 


15.6 


Other ischemic heart disease 


(411-414) 




1,143 


57 


11.4 




1,353 


66 


10.8 


Cerebrovascular disease 


(430438) 


10 


530 


26 


1 14.2 


8 


602 


29 


1 13.6 


Acute respiratory infections except influenza 


(460-466I 


8 


577 


29 


11 5.5 


9 


586 


28 


11 5.5 


Pneumonia, all forms 


(480-486) 


7 


642 


32 


8 9.1 


7 


726 


35 


8 9.0 


Hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids 


(500) 


5 


979 


48 


16 2.1 


5 


898 


44 


16 2.1 


Stomach, duodenal, gastrojejunal ulcer 


(531-5341 


14 


421 


21 


7 9.8 


14 


405 


20 


7 9.8 


Inguinal hernia 


(550&552) 


11 


471 


23 


10 6.5 


13 


497 


24 


10 6.0 


Cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cholangitis 


(574-575) 


9 


531 


26 


6 10.9 


10 


558 


27 


6 10.2 


Disorders of menstruation 


(626) 


12 


432 


21 


14 4.2 


11 


551 


27 


15 3.5 


Obstetrical conditions 


(630-678) 


1 


4,203 


208 


15 3.8 


1 


3,971 


193 


14 3.7 


Fractures, all sites 


(800-829) 


4 


1,066 


53 


4 11.7 


4 


1,150 


56 


4 11.3 


Lacerations and open wounds 


(870-907) 


15 


373 


18 


12 5.3 


15 


388 


19 


12 5.5 



'National estimate based on samples of medical records from a national sample of the non-Federal short-stay hospitals in the United States. Includes deaths; excludes newborn in- 
fants. tBased on Eighth Revision, International Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in the United States. fPer 10,000 population. ^Includes data for conditions not 
shown in table. 

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, DHEW. 



Table 5 
BED DISABILITY AND LIMITATION OF ACTIVITY DUE TO SELECTED CONDITIONS, UNITED STATES. 1971 AND 1974' 





1971 


1974 






Days 




Persons 




Days 




Persons 






of bed 


chronically 




of bed 


chronically 






disability 




limited 




disability 




limited 


Diagnostic condition and codest 


Rank 


Number 


Rank 


Number 


Rank 


Number 


Rank 


Number 


Influenza and pneumonia (470-486) 


1 


206,241 




t 


1 


275,573 




* 


Upper respiratory (460-465, 500-5081 


2 


164,840 


15 


280 


2 


149,490 


15 


478 


Heart disease (390-398, 402, 404, 410-429, 782.1-782.2, 782.41 


3 


93,137 


1 


3,954 


3 


108,141 


1 


4,753 


Arthritis (710-715) 


4 


57,539 


2 


3,377 


4 


76,412 


2 


4,258 


Mental disorders (290-309, X14-X19) 


5 


41,965 


4 


1,741 


5 


51,154 


3 


2,111 


Fractures and dislocations (N800-N839) 


6 


35,625 




t 


6 


45,100 




» 


Malignant neoplasms (140-2091 


7 


32,374 


10 


633 


7 


42,906 


13 


633 


Cerebrovascular disease (430-438) 


12 


24,762 


11 


630 


8 


39,719 


11 


793 


Diabetes (250) 


14 


23,739 


8 


956 


9 


30,426 


7 


1,448 


Impairment of back and spine IX70-X72, X80-X81 1 


8 


31,895 


3 


1,968 


10 


29,855 


4 


2,051 


Hypertension, without heart involvement (400-401, 403) 


9 


27,476 


6 


1,193 


11 


29,732 


5 


1,976 


Paralysis (X40-X69) 


13 


24,052 


9 


861 


12 


29,000 


9 


974 


Asthma (493) 


11 


25,997 


7 


1,150 


13 


27,550 


8 


1,434 


Emphysema (492) 


17 


13,124 


12 


574 


14 


25,166 


10 


822 


Impairment of lower extremities (X75-X77, X82-X85) 


15 


20,986 


5 


1,727 


15 


20.274 


6 


1,889 


Hernia (550-553) 


18 


1 1 ,948 


13 


506 


16 


1 9,078 


12 


690 


Bronchitis (466,490-491) 


10 


27,388 


16 


160 


17 


17,968 


16 


293 


Gallbladder (574-576) 


19 


1 1 ,892 


17 


81 


18 


15,887 


17 


179 


Ulcer 1531-534) 


16 


17,569 


14 


412 


19 


15,533 


14 


S50 



'National estimate based on continuing survey of probability sample of some 40,000 households in the civilian noninstitutionalized population. A day of disability is one 
spent in bed for more than half the daylight hours because of illness or injury. Persons with limitations of activity are those chronically unable to perform fully their usual 
activities because of the condition specified. tCodes apply to 1974 data. ICDA code based on Eighth Revision, international Classification of Diseases, Adapted for Use in 
the United States; X code, on Prevalence of Selected Impairments, United States, 1971: Vital and Health Statistics, Ser. 10, No. 99 (pp. 51-56). f Figure does not meet 
standards of reliability or precision. 

Source : National Center for Health Statistics, DH EW. 



10 



Table 6 

CONSOLIDATED NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1950 1975" 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism - 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1958 


1959 


1960 


1961 


1962 


Total 


$34,816 


$42,563 


$40,019 


$41,141 


$52,849 


$60,848 


$71,718 


$161,576 


$189,329 


$255,436 


$343,382 


$468,239 


$630,790 


Research and development 


22,619 


26.791 


28,872 


33,126 


42,337 


49.758 


58.279 


106.832 


130,374 


180,000 


243,691 


330.541 


470.682 


Regular grants 


12,272 


15,632 


16,760 


18,789 


26,279 


30,331 


34,351 


78,271 


85,327 


122,620 


173,435 


218.230 


295,250 


Centers, resources, and other grants 






















5,029 


27.110 


73,234 


General research support 
























12,936 


17,445 


Collaborative R&D 


















12,340 


18,142 


22,142 


21.538 


25,088 


Laboratories and clinics 


10,347 


11,034 


11,986 


14,211 


15,946 


19,317 


23,813 


28,263 


32,406 


38,918 


42,313 


49.934 


59,666 


Other direct research 




125 


126 


126 


112 


110 


115 


298 


301 


320 


772 


793 




Research training 


4,807 


4,668 


4.891 


6.208 


8,583 


9.116 


11,117 


20,825 


24,725 


40,701 


61,406 


90.140 


108,290 


Grantsandtraineesh.ps 


3,459 


3,303 


3,392 


4,434 


6,637 


6.741 


8,617 


16,075 


18,932 


31,689 


48,831 


70,530 


83,650 


Fellowships 


1,348 


1.365 


1,499 


1,774 


1,946 


2.375 


2,500 


4.750 


5,793 


9,012 


12,574 


19,610 


24,640 


Construction grants 


5,775 


9.459 


4,625 










30.000 


30,000 


30,000 


30.000 


30,000 


35,000 


Management and services 


1,615 


1,645 


1,631 


1,807 


1.929 


1,974 


2,322 


3,919 


4,230 


4,735 


8,286 


17,558 


16,818 



'Excludes Foreign Currency programs. tTotal (only) contains OD and Buildings & Faci 
as Fellowships thru FY 1974. The 1975 appropriation ($24.5 million) is contained in Ce 
HNo separate appropriation until FY 1972, 



i from FY 1970 on ($17.3 r 
■s. & Other Grant 



on and $3.0 n 
^Contains Id 



ion for FY 1975). f Research Career Programs appropriated 
ority Biomedical Support Grants ($7.3 million in FY 1975). 



11 



FISCAL YEARS 1950-1975* 











Exd 


udlng Progr 


ami That Have 


Been Transferred Out 
























" 


i thousands of dollars) 
















Fun 


tion/mechanitm 


1363 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 




Totalt 


$756,704 


$793,293 


$831,091 


$979,931 


$1,045,956 


$1,111,461 


$1,118,153 


SI. 143.385 


$1,212,847 


$1,506,156 


$1,762,565 


$1,790,425 


$2,092,897 


l/RD 




756.704 


793,293 


831,091 


979,931 


1 ,045.956 


1.111,461 


1 ,099.993 


1.114,480 


1,182.504 


1.466,752 


1,713.455 


1.744.554 


2.043.721 


Research and 


development 


648,942 


574,525 


605.652 


679,615 


782,694 


852.184 


862.428 


884.049 


968.677 


1,175.513 


1,374,968 


1,447.897 


1.706.988 


Regular gra 




347,620 


379,845 


370,644 


398,654 


450,008 


482,026 


473.114 


471,765 


478.263 


570.322 


632.318 


664.152 


802.565 


Centers, re 


ources, and other grant 


t 61.875 


53.250 


58,184 


78.966 


93.251 


101.953 


107,061 


119,114 


135.433 


169.376 


208.579 


234.971 


288.131 


General res 


arch support^ 


26.100 


25,730 


39.116 


39.361 


45,266 


56,033 


52,945 


52.945 


46,173 


47,185 


52.673 


53.153 


50.221 


Research a 


d development contracts|| 


















225,941 


304,438 


303.212 


349.226 


Coliaborat 


e research and support 


56,003 


54,097 


70,555 


87,596 


109,726 


113.037 


124.795 


133.524 


184.489 


42,472 


46,491 


52.604 


54.060 


Laboratorv 


and clinical research 


57,344 


60,530 


66,006 


71.108 


77,403 


81.165 


86,648 


89,871 


113.004 


113,685 


123,020 


131.872 


155.924 


Other direc 


research 




1,073 


1.147 


3.930 


7.040 


17,970 


1 7,865 


16.830 


11.315 


6,532 


7,449 


7.933 


6.861 


Research ira 


ling 


140,464 


145.540 


149,026 


171,631 


181.028 


193.797 


197,752 


199,660 


182.286 


196.412 


198.551 


171.376 


155.401 


Cams and 


traineeships 


104,766 


107.434 


108,098 


123.665 


130.038 


138,806 


141.390 


146.469 


132.322 


145,425 


148.795 


119.939 


97.346 


Fellowship 


and RCPAsf 


35,698 


38.106 


40.928 


47,966 


50.990 


54.991 


56,362 


53 191 


49.964 


50.987 


49.756 


51.437 


58.055 


Const ruction 




50.000 


56.000 


58,000 


106.000 


56,000 


35.000 


8.400 






52.000 


56.200 


27.550 


38.000 


Control {NCI 
























30.000 


34.036 


50.214 


Manasemen, 


andserv.ces 


17,298 


17.228 


18,413 


22.685 


26.234 


30.480 


31,413 


30,771 


31,541 


42.827 


53,736 


63.695 


93.118 


NLM 
















18.160 


19,682 


21.440 


24.127 


28.568 


25.871 


28.850 



t beginning of table. 



12 



Table 7 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1950-1975* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1958 


Total 


$41,796 


$31,388 


$35,588 


$38,924 


$52,054 


$60,666 


$71,558 


$159,040 


$191,211 


Research and development 


22,591 


26,044 


28,980 


31,688 


41,904 


49,643 


58,330 


106,172 


132,823 


Regular grants 


12,127 


14,976 


16,754 


18,750 


26,279 


30,308 


34,646 


73,170 


87,552 


Collaborative R&D 
















3,975 


11,102 


Laboratories and clinics 


10,394 


10,943 


12,102 


12,816 


15,515 


19,223 


23,569 


28,742 


33,863 


Other direct research 


70 


125 


124 


122 


110 


112 


115 


285 


306 


Research training 


5,485 


3,826 


4,948 


5,576 


8,359 


9,069 


10,939 


20,438 


25,170 


Grants 


3,571 


1,873 


2,933 


3,059 


5,171 


5,452 


7,444 


14,061 


17,398 


Fellowships and traineeships 


1,914 


1,953 


2,015 


2,517 


3,188 


3,617 


3,495 


6,377 


7,772 


Construction grants 


12,059 














30,000 


30,000 


Management and services 


1,661 


1,518 


1,660 


1,660 


1,791 


1,954 


2,289 


2,430 


3,218 



'Excludes Foreign Currency programs. tlncludes $222.2 million in FY 1973 released funds. f Includes $7.1 million in FY 1973 released 
funds and $7.7 million in NCI carryover. ^Total (only) contains OD and Buildings & Facilities from FY 1970 on ($17.3 million and $5.8 
million in FY 1975). ||Actually appropriated as Fellowships until FY 1975. OContains Minority Biomedical Support Grants ($7.3 million 
in FY 1975). **Not budgeted separately until FY 1971. 

(Continued) 



Table 7 (Cont.) 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1950-1975* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



13 



Function/mechanism 


1959 


1960 


1961 


1962 


1963 


1964 


1965 


1966 


1967 


Total 


$253,202 


$328,175 


$445,132 


$562,921 


$658,404 


$751,696 


$831,496 


$926,032 


$1,024,541 


Research and development 


177,624 


229,277 


317,475 


424,597 


489,697 


569,134 


622,642 


701,267 


799,396 


Regular grants 


123,747 


162,844 


210,848 


269,398 


304,649 


350,811 


369,796 


405,476 


448,012 


Centers, resources, and other grants 




4,956 


30,763 


39,219 


39,862 


50,862 


55,680 


74,515 


93,501 


Research career program awardsll 








9,186 


12,483 


17,216 


19,500 


22,778 


25,292 


General research support 








17,673 


26,100 


30,380 


39,116 


39,361 


45.266 


Research and development contracts" 






(24,230) 


(26,900) 


(35,838) 


(39,004) 


(45,942) 


(50,019) 


(80,402) 


Collaborative R&D 


15,346 


19,795 


30,952 


36,325 


48,688 


56,561 


69,538 


86,562 


102,443 


Laboratories and clinics 


38,212 


41,682 


44,912 


52,896 


57,073 


61,586 


67,185 


69,567 


71,777 


Other direct research 


319 








842 


1,718 


1,827 


3,008 


13,105 


Research training 


40,609 


61,336 


88,084 


90,361 


103,134 


114,779 


125,660 


145,899 


157,214 


Grants 


29,226 


45,755 


68,209 


73,672 


83,805 


95,006 


103,384 


121,170 


131,876 


Fellowships and traineeships 


11,383 


15,581 


19,875 


16,689 


19,329 


19,773 


22,276 


24,729 


25,338 


Construction grants 


29,960 


30,039 


29,985 


35,011 


50,002 


49,990 


63,719 


56,266 


40,419 


Management and services 


5,009 


7,523 


9,588 


12,952 


15,571 


17,793 


19,475 


22,600 


27,512 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



14 



Table 7 (Con tJ 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1950-1975* 

Excluding Program! That Have Been Transferred Out 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


1968 


1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974t 


1975f 


Totatf 


$1,102,428 


$1,087,728 


$1,057,759 


$1,211,979 


$1,505,793 


$1,530,318 


$1,994,431 


$2,108,886 


l/RD' 


1,075,162 


1,065,989 


1,029,765 


1,180.600 


1,465,617 


1 ,483,530 


1,945,224 


2,056.904 


Research and development 


848,248 


866.530 


850,470 


992,416 


1,207,599 


1,266,873 


1.614,357 


1,716,165 


Regular grants 


461,328 


454,949 


437,316 


472,389 


563,314 


685,373 


765,121 


808,404 


Centers, resources, and other grants 


99,408 


106,020 


102,649 


146,657 


180,489 


202,341 


222,634 


259,001 


Research career program awardsll 


26,840 


27,987 


27,708 


27,858 


26,577 


25.205 


23,532 


26.939 


General research supportO 


54,217 


52,945 


50,310 


46,173 


47,185 


26,124 


78,746 


50,202 


Research and development contracts" 


(85,850) 


(94,100) 


(95,4001 


154,907 


229,630 


254,220 


335,291 


346,924 


Collaborative research and support 


111,111 


121,142 


124,845 


30,358 


38,827 


46,956 


50,383 


59,802 


Laboratory and clinical research 


79,356 


87,948 


91,996 


108,640 


115,682 


119,662 


134,122 


158,099 


Other direct research 


15,988 


15,539 


15,646 


5.534 


5,895 


6,992 


4,528 


6,794 


Research training 


159,629 


168,067 


150,654 


152,853 


158,651 


115,979 


186.489 


154,875 


Grants 


131,973 


138,328 


127,901 


129.156 


136,829 


103.815 


153.573 


96,854 


Fellowships and traineeships 


27,656 


29,739 


22,753 


23.697 


21,822 


12,164 


32,916 


58,021 


Construction 


38,369 








51.003 


38,805 


38.090 


44,976 


Control INCH 












5.223 


33,758 


50.389 


Management and services 


28,916 


31,392 


28,641 


35,331 


48,364 


56,650 


72,530 


90.499 


NLM 


27,266 


21,739 


19,758 


21,382 


23,859 


24.964 


29,236 


28,843 



Table 8 

COMPARISON OF 

PRICE DEFLATORS, 

FISCAL YEARS 1965 -1975 



Fiscal 


GNP 


Biomedical 


y« 


deflator" 


R&D deflator! 


1965 


100.0 


100.0 


1966 


102.7 


103.5 


1967 


106.0 


107.7 


1968 


109.8 


112.9 


1969 


115.0 


119.2 


1970 


121.4 


126.6 


1971 


127.6 


133.7 


1972 


133.5 


140.1 


1973 


139.4 


146.3 


1974 


150.3 


156.3 


1975 


166.1 e 


t. 173.0 est. 



See footnotes at beginning of t 



mplicit price deflator for Gross 
Jational Product, revised 1/76; 
hifted to fiscal year basis. tDe- 
eloped for NIH by Westat, Inc. 



Table 9 

MIH OBLIGATIONS BY INSTITUTE AND RESEARCH DIVISION. FISCAL YEARS 1965-1975,' 

IN CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS (In millions! 



15 



Fiscal 


All 


























year 


l/RDs 


NIAID 


NIAMDD 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 
















CURRENT DOLLARS 












1965 


S 831. 5t 


S 698 


S112.7 


S147.8 


S 42.2 


S20.3 






$113.7 


S123.4 


S 87.9 


S107.8f 


S 5.2 


1966 


926.0t 


77.7 


121.6 


161.3 


54.5 


23.5 


S5.0 




127.1 


140.2 


100.2 


107.6f 


5.3 


1967 


1,024.5t 


893 


133 1 


170 4 


64.4 


28.2 


12 4 




1458 


163.6 


112.5 


95, 4f 


6.2 


1968 


1,075,21 


90 4 


139.3 


177.3 


668 


29.3 


16.7 




156.1 


162 1 


122.0 


99.5! 


11.0 


1969 


1,066.0t 


92.6 


140.3 


182.4 


71.2 


29.6 


17.9 


S21.5 


160.1 


1619 


104.6 


65.3 


13.1 


1970 


1.029.8t 


97 1 


131 5 


181.3 


96 


28.7 


17.3 


22.8 


148.1 


160.3 


97.2 


626 


2.7 


1971 


1.180.6 


102.1 


137.9 


232.9 


94,7 


35.2 


20.1 


30.0 


159.8 


194.8 


103.4 


66 2 


3.4 


1972 


1.465.6 


109 


153.3 


3786 


116.5 


43.3 


26.4 


36.9 


173 3 


232.6 


116.4 


75.0 


4.2 


1973 


1.483.6 


103 


142.8 


431.2 


111.2 


40.9 


26 1 


344 


154,0 


255,7 


107.4 


72.8 


3.9 


1974 


1,945.2 


120.8 


177.4 


581.0 


144.1 


50.0 


32.1 


45.2 


188.6 


327.3 


1435 


130.1# 


5.0 


1975 


2,056.9 


1194 


173.6 


699.3 


142.4 


50.0 


35.9 


437 


189.5 


327.8 


142.4 


127. l£ 


5.7 
















CONSTANT DOLLARS 












1965 


831.5t 


69 8 


112.7 


1478 


42.2 


20.3 






113.7 


123.4 


87.9 


107.8f 


5.2 


1966 


894.7t 


76 1 


117.5 


155 9 


52.7 


22.7 


4.8 




122.8 


135.5 


969 


104.0? 


5.1 


1967 


951.3t 


830 


123.6 


158.2 


59,8 


26.2 


11,5 




135.3 


151.9 


104.5 


88.6f 


5.7 


1968 


952.3T 


80.1 


123 4 


157.1 


59.2 


25.9 


14.8 




138.3 


143.6 


108.0 


88 If 


9.7 


1969 


894.3T 


77.7 


117.7 


153 1 


59.7 


24.8 


15,0 


18.1 


1343 


135.8 


87.7 


54 8 


11.0 


1970 


813.4t 


767 


103.8 


143.2 


75 8 


22.7 


13.6 


18.0 


117.0 


126.6 


76.7 


49.4 


2.2 


1971 


883.0 


763 


103.2 


174.2 


70.9 


26 3 


15.0 


22.4 


119.6 


145.7 


77.4 


49.5 


2.6 


1972 


1,046.1 


77.8 


109.5 


270.2 


83.2 


30.9 


188 


264 


123.7 


166.0 


83 1 


53.5 


3.0 


1973 


1,014.0 


704 


97 6 


2948 


76.0 


27.9 


17.9 


23.5 


105.3 


174.8 


73.4 


498 


2.4 


1974 


1,244.5 


77 3 


113 5 


371.7 


92.2 


32,0 


20.6 


28.9 


120.7 


2094 


91.8 


83.3*1 


32 


1975 


1.189.0 


690 


100 3 


404.2 


82.3 


28.9 


20.8 


25,3 


109.5 


189.5 


82.3 


73.5$ 


3.3 



;ludes NLM, OD, Building & Facilities, Foreign Curt 
des ED (1965-69) and OCRT (1965-70), which we. 

ied for use in 1974 are spread) 



/ Program, and programs transferred 
It separately budgeted subsequently. 



jt of NIH.Constai 
flncludesHRF. 



dollars based on NIH Biomedical R&D Deflator (1965 = 100)- tTotal (only) in- 
^Contains all GRS grants, formerly spread among l/RDs (but 1973 GRS funds re- 



16 



Table 10 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM AND ORGANIZATION (INSTITUTES AND RESEARCH DIVISIONS). 

FISCAL YEAR 1975" 

(In thousands of dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


Total 


NIAID 


NIAMDD 


NCIt 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 


Total 


S2.056.904 


S119.417 


$173,564 


S699.305 


$142,427 


S50.019 


S35.865 


S43.708 


$189,533 


$327,814 


$142,448 


$127,131 


$5,673 


Research 


1.716.165 


104.927 


154,317 


548,256 


122.254 


41,260 


31.021 


37,422 


130.198 


290,903 


125.813 


124,121 


5.673 


Regular grams 


808.404 


64,587 


114,632 


130,611 


78,384 


17,436 


12,863 


29,173 


100,939 


178,198 


81,581 






Centers, resources & other grants 


259,001 


2,400 


3,611 


136,337 


5,608 


7,744 


5,270 




20,257 


775 


5,891 


70,608 


500 


Animal resources 


17,246 


. 




















17,246 




Biotechnology research 


11.076 


■ 




















11.076 




General clinical research centers 


42.286 


' 




















42.286 




Specialized research centers 


125,976 




3,611 


116,132 




342 










5.891 






Other special grants 


62,417 


2.400 




20,205 


5,608 


7,402 


5,270 




20,257 


775 






500 


Research career program awards 


26,939 


2.513 


4,103 


2,806 


1,912 


591 


231 


768 


7,007 


4,778 


2.230 






General research support? 


50,202 






















50.202 




Research & development contracts 


346,924 


12,765 


6,038 


199,585 


19,258 


5,122 


3,178 


2,458 


1,996 


82,322 


10.892 


3,311 




Collaborative research & support 


59,802 


• 




52,863 




1,655 










5.284 






Laboratory & clinical research 


158,099 


22,662 


24,757 


26,054 


1 7,092 


8,712 


9,479 


4,678 




24,830 


19,935 






Biometry, epid, & field studies 


1,621 




1,176 










445 












International center 


5,173 
























6,1734 


Research training 


154.875 


8,283 


13,595 


23,104 


11,743 


6,442 


3,287 


4,212 


52,787 


19,968 


12,020 


434 




Grants 


96,854 


5,081 


8,879 


9,736 


8,937 


2,869 


2,226 


2,114 


35,629 


12,533 


8,552 


298 




Fellowships 


58.021 


3,202 


4,716 


13,368 


2,806 


2.673 


1,061 


2.098 


17,158 


7,435 


3,468 


136 




Construction 


44,976 






44,976 




















Cancer control 


50,389 






50,389 




















Management & servicesll 


90.499 


6,207 


6,652 


32,580 


8,430 


3.317 


1,557 


2.074 


6,548 


16.943 


4,615 


2,576 





'Includes $7,097 thousand in FY 1973 released funds. 
Fogarty Scholars. Illncludes $2,388 thousand in Scien 



Tlncludes $7,703 thousand carryover. f Includes $7,321 thousand in Minority Biomedical Support Gr; 



s $2,132 thousand for 



Table 11 
NLM ACTUAL OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM AND ORGANIZATION, FISCAL YEAR 1975* 

(In thousands of dollars) 



17 











Specialized 


National 


Lister Hill 












Information 


Medical 


National Center 


Office 






Extramural 


Library 


Services 


Audiovisual 


for Biomedical 


of the 


Function/mechanism 


Total 


Programs 


Operations 


(Toxicology) 


Center 


Communications 


Director 


Total 


$28,843 


$7,490 


$10,053 


$1,811 


$3,220 


$2,234 


$4,035 


Biomedical communications 


24,005 


6,687 


10,053 


1,811 


3,220 


2,234 




Medical library assistance grants 


4,409 


4,409 












Intramural programs 


12,396 




7,008 


1,109 


2,758 


1,521 




Contracts 


7,200 


2,278 


3,045 


702 


462 


713 




Program management 


4,838 


803 










4,035 


Program direction 


4,035 




- 








4,035 


Review & approval 


803 


803 













"Includes $182 thousand in FY 1973 released funds. 



18 



Figure 5 
NIH FUNDS OBLIGATED FOR R&D, FISCAL YEARS 1955-1975 

EXCLUDING PROGRAMS THAT HAVE BEEN TRANSFERRED OUT 



1000 
500 



100 
50 




INTRAMURAL RESEARCH 



niililil*^^ j^ c«(*« — »^^ -— PERCENT CHANGE IN TOTAL OVER EACH 






$1,845' 
$1,148 



$364 
$225' 



PRIOR YEAR 



/ R&D CONTRACTS 



MM 



iiiiiB ■■_■ 



J I I L 



J | |_ 



J I I L 



"Includes R&D as shown in Table 7 + Foreign Currency Program (S542 Thousand in FY 1975} + portions of Cancer Control, Management & Services, and NLM. T Includes Laboralon 
Clinical Research, Biometry/Epidemiology/Freld Studies, Collaborative Research & Support, and FIC. 



Table 12 

NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1963-1975* 

{Dollars in millions} 



19 







Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D awards 


Construction 




Research tra 


ning awards 












Research 
















NLM 


Fiscal 


Total 
amount 


Research grants 


program 


awards 


R81D contracts 


grants 


Fellowshipst 


Training grants 


awards 


year 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1963 


$ 590.8 


13,395 


$ 381.4 


773 


$12.5 


385 


$ 35,8 


173 


$51.3 


2,912 


$19.5 


2,132 


$ 90.2 




1964 


669.9 


13.514 


440.7 


993 


17.2 


477 


39.9 


125 


53.9 


2,860 


19.8 


2,243 


98.5 




1965 


736.1 


13,389 


472.6 


1,049 


19.5 


397 


46.2 


117 


64.9 


3.198 


22.3 


2.374 


110.7 




1966 


809.8 


13,319 


528.6 


1,188 


22.6 


514 


50.7 


84 


58.7 


3,587 


24.7 


2,568 


124.4 




1967 


899.9 


13,937 


593.3 


1,246 


25.1 


688 


82.2 


72 


42.3 


3,575 


25.3 


2,411 


131.7 




1968 


957.0 


12,947 


620.2 


1.267 


26.8 


928 


88.9 


50 


41.1 


3,592 


27.6 


2,405 


132.0 


S20.3 


1969 


945.5 


12,276 


621.2 


' 1,254 


27.9 


812 


94.6 


20 


21.5 


3,842 


29.7 


2,373 


138.4 


12.2 


1970 


881.4 


11,203 


596.6 


1,179 


27.6 


854 


96.2 


3 


0.5 


2,806 


22.7 


2,164 


127.9 


9.7 


1971 


1.005.4 


1 0,959 


671.7 


1,167 


28.0 


1,167 


143.0 






2,718 


23.8 


2,111 


129.1 


9.7 


1972 


1.253.6 


11,412 


797.8 


1,156 


27.7 


1.381 


215.6 


17 


44.1 


2,264 


21.5 


2,024 


136.1 


10.8 


1973 


1.241.2 


11,223 


811.6 


1.087 


25.9 


1,522 


243.9 


20 


33.5 


1,233 


12.2 


1,696 


103.1 


11.1 


1974 


1.680.5 


13,364 


1,075.9 


958 


23.5 


1,882 


349.9 


9 


31.7 


2,267f 


30.6f 


2,922# 


155.9 J' 


13.0 


1975 


1.734.1 


13,398 


1,119.1 


1.104 


26.9 


2.065II 


389.7|| 


12 


30.0 


2,056f 


27.8f 


1,739# 


129.0# 


11.6 



'Excludes Scientific Evaluation Grants ($4.8 million in FY 1975) and programs transferred out of NIH (but includes GRS portion of NIMH grants), tlncludes research 1 
eeships. f Except institutional, which are under training grants. ^Includes institutional fellowships. ||Omits 9 NCI contracts totaling$1.2 million. 



20 



Table 13 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM. FISCAL YEAR 1975' 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Total 






ReVD awards 






Research training awards 




Research grants 


Research career 
program awards 


R&D 


contracts 


NRSA fellowships 


Fellowsh 


ps loldlt 


Trainir 




NIH 


Individual 


Institutional 


g grants? 


component 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


$1,722,477^ 


13.398 


SI, 119,057 


1.104 526,934 


2,065 


$389,683 


1,339 


$16,416 


444 


$29,298 


717 


$11,401 


1,295 


$99,687 


NIAID 


88,969 


1.143 


67,068 


99 2,513 


123 


11,104 


174 


2,030 


8 


322 


37 


458 


84 


5,473 


NIAMOD 


142,167 


1,914 


117,980 


167 4,103 


84 


6,490 


119 


1,685 


67 


1,986 


72 


1,045 


127 


8.879 


NCI 


576.773* 


2,575 


271,222 


120 2,806 


1,11511 


248.628II 


246 


2,747 


78 


8,121 


127 


2,593 


103 


9.655 


NICHD&NIA 


116,902 


1,207 


84,170 


78 1,911 


170 


19,076 


71 


794 


11 


902 


57 


1,111 


99 


8,938 


NIDR 


35,314 


341 


24,751 


25 591 


56 


4,519 


40 


447 


10 


650 


18 


306 


62 


4,050 


NIEHS 


24,372 


214 


18,217 


11 231 


20 


2,622 


17 


236 


7 


673 


14 


165 


18 


2.226 


NEI 


36,628 


634 


29.147 


36 768 


26 


2,418 


63 


882 


22 


1,063 


11 


178 


33 


2.071 


NIGMS 


182,066 


1.767 


120.938 


299 7,002 


10 


1,521 


269 


3,618 


156 


10,069 


138 


1,725 


444 


37,192 


NHLI 


276.731 


1,715 


177,280 


167 4,778 


327 


74,758 


136 


1,702 


71 


4,685 


66 


1,046 


170 


12.482 


NINCDS 


111,763 


1.227 


87,348 


102 2.230 


87 


10.157 


203 


2,259 


12 


740 


26 


598 


151 


8,423 


DRR 


126,675 


761 


120,9350 




22 


4,307, 


1 


15 


2 


67 


1 


34 


4 


298 


FIC 


2,142 




















150 


2.142 






OTHER" 


4,084 








25 


4,084 



















Excludes NLM: grants $4.4 mill 

eludes S30 million in construction grants 



S7.2 million. t Except institutional, which are under training grants. f Includes institutional fellowships awarded prior to NRSA. ^Total (only) in- 
lOmits 9 contracts totaling Si. 2 million. Concludes GRS programs- 543 grants for S50. 5 million. * 'Includes CC, DRG, DRS, and joint. 



Table 14 

NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(In thousands of dollars) 



21 











Institutes and Research Divisions 












R&D awards 


Cancer 


Research training awards 




f 




Research career 




NRSA 










Total 


Research 
grants 


program 
awards 


R&D 
contracts 


construction 
grants 


fellowships 


Fellowships 
(old)* 


Training 

grants! 


NLM 


State 


Indiv. 


Inst. 


awards 


Total 


$1,734,086 


$1,119,057 


$26,934 


$389,683 


$30,000 


$16,416 


$29,298 


$11,401 


$99,687 


$11,609 


U.S. total 


1,716,422 


1,115,289 


26,934 


376,805 


30,000 


15,619 


29,298 


11,181 


99,687 


11,609 


Alabama 


20,358 


13,005 


358 


5,520 




70 


283 


110 


816 


195 


Alaska 


552 


552 


















Arizona 


6,330 


5,122 


119 


669 




166 


39 


1 


213 




Arkansas 


1,854 


1,071 


25 


395 




11 




17 


219 


116 


California 


244,265 


162,391 


3,367 


45,966 


6,863 


2,897 


4,135 


2,014 


15,270 


1,362 


Colorado 


19,491 


14,769 


405 


1,970 




404 


439 


247 


1,170 


86 


Connecticut 


40,318 


29,141 


647 


3,913 


1,274 


630 


679 


321 


3,614 


98 


Delaware 


1,178 


683 




488 








6 






Dist. of Col. 


22,114 


10,362 


75 


9,975 




128 




49 


612 


913 


Florida 


30,002 


21,230 


467 


5,918 




184 


553 


77 


1,496 


78 


Georgia 


18,764 


12,711 


441 


3,549 




162 


56 


217 


919 


709 


Hawaii 


5,928 


3,269 


20 


2,378 




35 




50 


75 


100 


Idaho 


663 


275 


16 


372 














Illinois 


65,341 


44,349 


1,168 


10,882 


455 


585 


1,647 


347 


5,546 


360 


Indiana 


15,396 


11,575 


370 


1,250 




91 


331 


161 


1,584 


32 



"Except institutional, which are under training grants, tlncludes institutional fellowships awarded prior to NRSA. 



22 



Table 14 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(In thousands of dollars) 







Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D awards 


Cancer 


Research training awards 








Research career 




NRSA 










Total 


Research 
grants 


program 
awards 


R&D 
contracts 


construction 
grants 


fellowships 


Fellowships 
(old)* 


Training 
grantst 


NLM 


State 


Indiv. Inst. 


awards 


Iowa 


S 15,411 


$ 11,504 


$ 381 


$ 1,383 


$ ■ 


$ 136 $ 555 


S 21 


$ 1,374 


S 57 


Kansas 


9,758 


7,501 


340 


1,023 




61 49 


50 


705 


29 


Kentucky 


6,270 


4,083 


71 


1,781 




27 


32 


203 


72 


Louisiana 


12,462 


9,558 


263 


1,713 




25 194 


62 


621 


26 


Maine 


3,440 


2,488 


29 


708 




28 


13 


117 


57 


Maryland 


117,904 


32,011 


1,006 


76,321 




1,063 886 


1,248 


4,295 


1,074 


Massachusetts 


154,433 


101.320 


2,594 


29,161 


5,047 


2,191 3,614 


1,190 


8,775 


541 


Michigan 


41,399 


27,186 


400 


9,383 


184 


394 514 


180 


2,685 


474 


Minnesota 


43,717 


27,791 


536 


10,471 




283 765 


324 


3,137 


410 


Mississippi 


3,628 


2,364 


50 


837 




13 39 


2 


321 


3 


Missouri 


40,738 


28,739 


911 


5,222 


733 


248 1,174 


227 


3,485 




Montana 


847 


613 


69 


114 










50 


Nebraska 


5,917 


1,901 


54 


3,439 




10 


12 


122 


378 


Nevada 


20 


20 
















New Hampshire 


8,939 


3,100 


216 


5,346 




23 


51 


141 


62 


New Jersey 


19,727 


8,587 


189 


9,327 




134 646 


182 


469 


194 


New Mexico 


5,473 


4,499 


178 


672 




20 


14 


90 




New York 


263,352 


189,005 


3,383 


34,089 


15,443 


1,946 4,439 


1,031 


12,848 


1,168 


North Carolina 


49,264 


34,061 


1,404 


5,511 




589 2,024 


340 


5,163 


172 


North Dakota 


546 


358 


25 


49 








88 


26 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 14 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(In thousands of dollars) 



23 







Institutes and Research Divisions 






R&D awards 


Cancer 


Research training awards 








Research career 




NRSA 










Total 


Research 
grants 


program 
awards 


R8(D 
contracts 


construction 
grants 


fellowships 


Fellowships 
(old)* 


Training 
grantst 


NLM 


State 


Indiv. Inst. 


awards 


Ohio 


$ 43.118 


$27,088 


$ 720 


$10,501 


$- 


$183 $ 375 


$243 


$3,065 


$942 


Oklahoma 


8,417 


4,209 


121 


3,575 






33 


14 


431 


35 


Oregon 


17,157 


13,127 


286 


2,454 






126 39 


154 


969 


3 


Pennsylvania 


102,492 


75,742 


1.788 


15,675 






883 1,621 


522 


5,866 


396 


Rhode Island 


4,864 


4,081 


67 


420 






29 


16 


248 


3 


South Carolina 


4,383 


3,379 


75 


750 






39 


41 


54 


46 


South Dakota 


355 


180 


27 


93 








13 




42 


Tennessee 


26,452 


.21,437 


545 


1,920 






177 475 


186 


1,695 


18 


Texas 


68,948 


50,538 


1,273 


11,658 






509 882 


623 


3,027 


438 


Utah 


13,077 


9,096 


277 


2,788 






144 81 


21 


659 


11 


Vermont 


6,378 


5,404 


116 


540 






14 50 


11 


234 


9 


Virginia 


36.364 


11,976 


775 


21,401 






244 231 


128 


1,221 


389 


Washington 


45,248 


30,829 


710 


8,082 






344 777 


288 


3,834 


384 


West Virginia 


1,405 


935 


31 


251 






11 41 


6 


122 


7 


Wisconsin 


37,891 


27,743 


464 


5,566 






323 1,665 


320 


1,767 


44 


Wyoming 


216 


216 


















Puerto Rico 


3,669 


2,115 


85 


1,140 






7 




322 




Pacific Trust Terr. 


193 






193 














Foreign 


17,664 


3,768 




12,878 






797 


221 







See footnotes at beginning of table. 



24 



Figure 6 

NIH AWARDS FOR R&D AND THEIR PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION 

FISCAL YEARS 1967 - 1975* 

AMOUNT DISTRIBUTION 




'67 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 
• Includes l/RDs only. tExcludes NIMH portion. (Contains RCPAs. 



'67 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 



25 



Figure 7 
PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NIH AWARDS FOR R&D BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1967 AND 1975 

(Dollars in millions) 



S58 81 91 129 113 523 41 105 16 30 



77 130 117 257 71 132 98 125 



PERCENT 



PROGRAM 
PROJECTS 
8. CENTERS 




67 '75 '67 7S 

NHLI NINCDS 

& NEI 



•Includesl RDsonly. tExcludes contracts (or CC. DCRT. DRG, DRS. OD. and |Oint. (Excludes NIMH portion. »Contams RCPAs 



26 



Table 15 

NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(Dollars in thousands) 



Institutes and Research Div 



No. of 



Research career 
program awards 



Cancer constructs 



Domestic 
Nonprofit 

Higher education 

Federal 
Research institu 
Hospitals 
Other 
State and local 
Research institu 
Hospitals 
Other 
Other nonprofit 
Research instituti 
Hospitals^ 
Other 
Profit 

Research institutes 
Other 



'Each individual organiza 
under training grants, 
ment," or "research insti 



13,398 $1,119,057 

1,716,422 714 13,270 1.115,289 

1,590,709 714 13,270 1,115,289 

1,242,687 376 11,138 900,527 

45,793 63 319 26,247 

5,286 17 19 1,409 

1,443 

2,405 17 19 

1,438 

40,507 46 300 24,838 

2,588 6 37 2,135 

26,375 25 219 20,021 

11,544 15 44 2,682 

302,228 275 1,813 188,515 

164,028 108 843 98,139 

118,653 115 873 82,078 

19,547 
125,714 
38,795 
86,919 
17,664 

tion or separate branch of a university or college belonging to a State syst 1 

f Includesjnstitutional fellowships awarded prior to NRSA. ^Independe 



1,104 
1,104 
1,003 



$26,934 
26,934 
26,934 
24,538 
370 



$389,683 
376,805 
253,432 
145,771 
16,391 
2,313 



248 
5,037 
8,794 
91,270 
53,500 
28.311 
9,459 
123,373 
38,295 
85,078 
12,878 



30,000 
30,000 
22,919 



n of higher education is counted separately. tExcept institutional, which are 
[ hospitals not owned by institutions classified as "higher education," "govern- 

(Continued) 





















27 








Table 15 (Cont.) 














NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMER AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 












(Dollars in thousands) 












Performer 


Institutes and Research Divisions 


NLM 




Research training awards 




NRSA fellowships 


Fellowships 
(old)t 


Training 


grantsf 




Individual 


Institutional 


awards 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


















of inst 






Total 


1,339 


$16,416 


444 $29,298 


717 $11,401 


1,295 


$99,687 


164 


$11,609 


Domestic 


1,276 


15,619 


444 29,298 


706 11,181 


1,295 


99,687 


164 


11,609 




Nonprofit 


1,276 


15,619 


444 29,298 


706 11,181 


1,295 


99,687 


136 


9,269 




Higher education 


1,119 


13,725 


406 26,818 


585 9,308 


1,186 


92,126 


68 


6,954 




Government 


75 


849 


4 264 


61 894 


8 


632 


9 


147 




Federal 


63 


700 




55 787 






1 


77 




Research institutes 


63 


700 




52 743 












Hospitals 








2 32 












Other 








1 13 






1 


77 




State and local 


12 


149 


4 264 


6 107 


8 


632 


8 


70 




Research institutes 


3 


34 




2 21 












Hospitals 


9 


115 


4 264 


3 73 


7 


580 


7 


67 




Other 








1 13 


1 


53 


1 


3 




Other nonprofit 


82 


1,044 


34 2,217 


60 978 


101 


6,928 


59 


2,168 




Research institutes 


47 


577 


14 1,113 


26 470 


28 


1,816 


4 


504 




Hospitals^ 


34 


456 


20 1,104 


31 458 


69 


4,881 


29 


210 




Other 


1 


12 




3 50 


4 


230 


26 


1,454 




Profit 














28 


2,341 




Research institutes 














3 


500 




Other 














25 


1,841 


Fo 


eign 


63 


797 




11 221 











See footnotes at beginning of table 



28 






Figure 8 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND BY PERFORMER 

FISCAL YEARS 1968 AND 1975* 




Figure 9 
PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NIH R&D CONTRACTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND BY PERFORMER, 

FISCAL YEARS 1968 AND 1975* 



29 



PROFIT 



NONPROFIT 



1968 '75 

TOTAL 

NIH 

ncludes I RDs only. TContains 




5 '68 '75 '68 '75 '68 '75 '68 '75 

)D NCI NICHD NIDR NIEHS 

& NIA 

(Contains no Other Protit jContains no Other Nonprofit 



'68 '75 '68 '75 '68 '75 

NINCOS DRR OTHER 

& NEI 



sCC, DCRT. DRG.DRS. OD, 



30 



Table 16 

NIH R&D GRANTS AND CONTRACTS BY PERFORMER, FISCAL YEARS 19701975' 

(In thousands of dollars) 





Performer 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 




Grantst 


Contracts 


Grantst 


Contracts 


Grantst 


Contracts 


Grantst 


Contracts 


Grantst 


Contracts 


Grantst 


Contracts 




Tolal 


$624,293 


$96,239 


$699,671 


143,047 


$825,535 


S215.641 


$837,476 


S243.858 


S1.099.386 


S349.879 


$1,145,991 


$389,683 


D 


3 mestic 


621.346 


94.906 


697.134 


141,393 


823,080 


210.941 


834,574 


238.266 


1,096.102 


342.197 


1,142.223 


376,805 




Nonprofit 


621,346 


62.193 


697,134 


98,215 


823,080 


145.156 


834.574 


165,112 


1,096,102 


241,342 


1.142,223 


253,432 




Higher education 


503,180 


40.153 


567,790 


61,693 


675,000 


95,719 


679,248 


105,012 


883,024 


146,097 


925.065 


145,771 




Government 


16.089 


2,120 


16,411 


3,818 


19.727 


4,613 


20,687 


7.136 


27,131 


11.431 


26,616 


16,391 




Federal 


1.706 


92 


1,576 


125 


1,343 


115 


1,299 


530 


2.023 


805 


1.409 


2,313 




Research institutes 




























Hospitals 


1,540 




1,432 




1,199 




1,223 


380 


1,811 


390 


1,409 


964 




Other 


166 


92 


144 


125 


144 


115 


76 


150 


212 


415 




1,349 




State and local 


14,382 


2.028 


14,834 


3,692 


18,384 


4,499 


19,389 


6,606 


25,109 


10,626 


25,207 


14,079 




Research institutes 


1,848 


90 


2,026 


257 


2,235 


263 


395 




2,126 


159 


2,285 


248 




Hospitals 


10,558 


919 


11,091 


1.515 


14,331 


2,487 


15,650 


2.778 


19,976 


4,392 


20,241 


5,037 




Other 


1,976 


1.018 


1,717 


1,920 


1,818 


1,749 


3,343 


3,828 


3,007 


6,075 


2,682 


8,794 




Other nonprofit 


102,077 


19,920 


112.933 


32,704 


128,352 


44,823 


134,638 


52,964 


185,947 


83,815 


1 90,542 


91,270 




Research institutes 


46,766 


12.055 


52,933 


19,062 


62,595 


27,901 


65,339 


34,239 


97,414 


54,560 


98,968 


53.500 




Hospitals^ 


50,818 


5,294 


55,015 


9,909 


60,001 


7.864 


63,381 


12.242 


81,097 


21,546 


83,233 


28,311 




Other 


4,493 


2.571 


4.984 


3,733 


5,756 


9,059 


5.918 


6.483 


7,436 


7.708 


8,342 


9,459 




Profit 




32,713 




43,178 




65,784 




73,154 




100,855 




123,373 




Research institutes 




14,284 




21,789 




31,664 




33,426 




36,718 




38,295 




Other 




18,429 




21,390 




34,120 




39.729 




64,136 




85,078 


F 


jreign 


2,948 


1,332 


2.537 


1.653 


2,455 


4.701 


2.903 


5,592 


3.283 


7.682 


3.768 


12,878 


• 


xcludesNLM. T Includes research c 


areer prograrr 


awards, fl 


eludes hospi 


als not owne 


by institutio 


ns classified 


s "higher education." "government," or ' 


research insti 


ore." 





Table 17 

THE TOP 20 INSTITUTIONS IN NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975" 

{Dollars in thousands) 



31 







Institutes and Research Divisions 










Research career 




Research 


Cancer 


Name of 


Total 


Research 


program 


R&D 


training 


NLM 


construction 


institution 


lexcl. const.) 


grants 


awards 


contracts 


awardst 


awards 


grants 


Total - all institutions 


$1,704,086 


S1.119.0S7 


$26,934 


$389,683 


$156,802 


$11,609 


530,000 


Total - top 20 institutions 


565,083 


390,854 


10,644 


85,492 


75,877 


2.216 


22,769 


Percent of total 


33.2% 


34.9% 


39.5% 


21.9% 


48.4% 


19.1% 


75.9% 


University of Washington 


36,728 


24,884 


625 


5.824 


5,011 


384 




Johns Hopkins University 


35,021 


25,050 


959 


3,312 


5,622 


77 




Harvard University 


34,840 


25,077 


1,086 


2,017 


6,220 


440 




Litton Bionetics 


34,401 






34,401 








University of California, San Francisco 


34,039 


26,467 


990 


2.214 


4.157 


211 




University of Pennsylvania 


32,767 


24,912 


656 


2.070 


5,104 


25 




University of California, Los Angeles 


32,260 


23,570 


373 


4,926 


3,229 


162 


5,063 


Stanford University 


30,795 


20,941 


483 


4,780 


4,469 


122 




University of Wisconsin, Madison 


30,296 


24,019 


418 


2,013 


3,808 


37 




Yale University 


28,918 


21,877 


425 


2,070 


4.533 


13 


1.274 


University of Minnesota 


27,926 


18,273 


387 


5,242 


3.633 


391 




Columbia University 


27,749 


20,908 


442 


2,729 


3,522 


148 


5,890 


Washington University (St. Louisl 


27,306 


20,527 


651 


1,876 


4,252 




733 


Yeshiva University 


26,231 


18,768 


588 


3,845 


3,016 


15 


8,650 


University of Chicago 


24,488 


18,785 


413 


1,332 


3,958 




455 


Duke University 


23,679 


16,098 


761 


2,039 


4,613 


167 


. 


Jniversity of Michigan 


20,494 


15,890 


187 


1,484 


2,933 




• 


University of California, San Diego 


19,585 


15,696 


457 


332 


3,100 




- 


New York University 


19,171 


14.740 


326 


1,955 


2,150 




704 


Cornell University 


18,391 


14,370 


419 


1,029 


2,548 


24 


' 



al NIH support excluding 



t Includes NRSA awards, other fellowships, and training grants. 



32 



Table 18 

NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(Dollars in thousands} 







Institutes and Research Divisions 




R&D awards 










Research career 




Cancer construction 




Total 

amount 


Research grants 


program awards 


R&D contracts 


grants 


Major component 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Total 


$1,242,687 


11,138 


$900,527 


1,003 $24,538 


994 $145,771 


8 $22,919 


Health professional components 


974,458 


7,620 


691,669 


750 18,878 


856 134,747 


7 17 


029 


Medical schoolsf 


874,458 


6,731 


620,651 


685 17,330 


735 119,384 


7 17 


029 


Public health 


27,947 


192 


18,310 


18 451 


32 4,494 






Dentistry 


23,970 


249 


17,500 


20 478 


26 2,349 






Hospitals^ 


21,412 


99 


17,083 


7 176 


24 3,438 






Veterinary medicine 


14,036 


160 


10,163 


5 118 


14 2,180 






Pharmacy 


9,671 


154 


6,652 


11 232 


18 1,529 






Other 


2,963 


35 


1,309 


4 95 


7 1,374 






Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


186,814 


2,698 


147,329 


217 4,885 


82 - 6,876 






Other components 


81,415 


820 


61,529 


36 774 


56 4,148 


1 5 


890 


Organized research units 


21,246 


157 


18,570 


3 72 


11 785 






Engineering 


17,744 


211 


13,214 


18 409 


19 1,440 






Agriculture 


16,622 


275 


12,885 


12 227 


13 932 






Primate centers 


7,452 


19 


6,958 


2 42 


5 418 






Libraries 


6,570 










1 5 


890 


University-wide 


5,359 


105 


5,291 




1 67 






Other 


6,422 


53 


4,611 


1 25 


7 506 





'Except institutional, which are under training grants. tlncludes institutional fellowships awarded prior to NRSA. flncludes hospitals and primate centers that 
are departments in the schools, and schools of both medicine and dentistry. ^Hospitals owned by institutions of higher education, except those administered by 
medical schools. (Continued) 



Table 18 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS TO DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

BY MAJOR COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975 

(Dollars in thousands) 



33 





Institutes and Research Divisions 






Research training awards 






NRSA fellowships 


Fellowships 
(old)* 


Training 


grantst 


NLM 




Individual 


Institutional 


awards 


Major component 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


Total 


1,119 


$13,725 


406 $26,818 


585 $9,308 


1,186 


$92,126 


$6,954 


Health professional components 


675 


8,356 


331 20,263 


404 6,551 


946 


72,152 


4,813 


Medical schoolsf 


617 


7,630 


298 18,139 


363 5,803 


829 


63,914 


4,578 


Public health 


19 


243 


16 1,071 


11 199 


39 


3,180 




Dentistry 


16 


191 


7 488 


14 232 


44 


2,666 


67 


Hospitals^ 


3 


34 


2 150 


1 31 


4 


501 




Veterinary medicine 


14 


174 


2 127 


12 208 


14 


969 


98 


Pharmacy 


4 


55 


6 289 


3 69 


14 


846 




Other 


2 


29 




9 


2 


77 


70 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


380 


4,600 


58 5,038 


141 2,207 


184 


15,046 


833 


Other components 


64 


770 


17 1,516 


40 550 


56 


4,929 


1,309 


Organized research units 


18 


211 


4 296 


9 149 


10 


1,163 




Engineering 


19 


239 


5 299 


13 173 


22 


1,969 




Agriculture 


20 


244 


7 825 


13 157 


17 


1,354 




Primate centers 


2 


20 




1 14 








Libraries 














680 


University-wide 
















Other 


5 


56 


1 96 


4 57 


7 


443 


629 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



34 



Table 19 

NIH AWARDS TO U.S. MEDICAL SCHOOLS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1967-1975 

(Dollars in thousands) 





Number 
of schools 




Institutes and Research Divisions 










Research career 






Research training 


Construction 


NLM 


Fiscal 


receiving 
awards 


Total 
amount 


Research grants 


program 


awards 


R&D contracts 


awards* 


grants 


awards 


year 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1967 


98 


$435,870 


6,908 


$303,813 


917 


$18,868 


NA 


NA 


2,684 


$ 93,187 


31 


$18,541 


$1,461 


1968 


102 


466,558 


6,509 


323,169 


932 


20,080 


NA 


NA 


2,762 


95,127 


25 


21,525 


6,657 


1969 


102 


465,975 


6,237 


329,528 


877 


20,116 


NA 


NA 


2,887 


101,402 


10 


12,535 


2,394 


1970 


102 


431,995 


5,795 


318,600 


805 


19,349 


NA 


NA 


2,433 


93,090 


1 


24 


933 


1971 


104 


476,521 


5,679 


361,717 


772 


19,140 


NA 


NA 


2,440 


94,556 






1,107 


1972 


108 


566,064 


5,842 


435,333 


747 


18,573 


NA 


NA 


2,278 


99,356 


4 


11,292 


1.511 


1973 


107 


631,770 


5,683 


443,674 


684 


16,946 


521 


$ 73,843 


1,645 


74,458 


9 


18,310 


4,538 


1974 


111 


845,641 


6,623 


584.328 


624 


15,847 


687 


110,671 


2,992 


115,156 


5 


14,525 


5,114 


1975 


113 


874,458 


6,731 


620,651 


685 


17,330 


735 


119,384 


2,107 


95,487 


7 


17,029 


4,578 



'Includes NRSA awards, other fellowships, and training grants. 



Table 20 

THE TOP 20 MEDICAL SCHOOLS IN NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1975- 

(Dollars in thousands) 



35 







Institutes and Research Divisions 










Research career 




Research 


Cancer 


Name of 


Total 


Research 


program 


R&D 


training 


NLM 


construction 


institution 


(excl. const.) 


grants 


awards 


contracts 


awardst 


awards 


grants 


Total — all medical schools 


$857,429 


$620,661 


$17,330 


$119,384 


$95,487 


$4,578 


$17,029 


Total - top 20 medical schools 


439,478 


318,309 


8,926 


53.091 


57,516 


1,636 


16,879 


Percent of total 


51.3% 


51.3% 


51.5% 


44.5% 


60.2% 


35.7% 


99.1% 


University of California, San Francisco 


31,432 


24,233 


898 


2,095 


3,996 


211 




University of Washington 


27,928 


19,316 


487 


4,370 


3,680 


75 




Yeshiva University 


26,002 


18,538 


588 


3,845 


3,016 


15 


8,650 


Stanford University 


25,869 


17,185 - 


386 


4.607 


3,679 


11 




Washington University (St. Louis) 


24.799 


18,417 


626 


1.812 


3,944 




733 


University of California, Los Angeles 


24,604 


17,514 


231 


4,599 


2.100 


162 


5.063 


Johns Hopkins University 


24,159 


17,203 


705 


2,824 


3,371 


56 




University of Pennsylvania 


23,984 


18,036 


536 


1.519 


3,893 






Columbia University 


23,600 


17,999 


442 


2,012 


3,146 






University of Chicago 


22,808 


17,287 


413 


1,332 


3,776 




455 


Duke University 


22,422 


15,483 


667 


1,951 


4,177 


144 




Yale University 


21,658 


16,859 


369 


1,324 


3,093 


13 


1.274 


Harvard University 


21.471 


14,852 


892 


1,633 


3,831 


363 




University of Minnesota 


21,111 


13,350 


248 


4,496 


2,654 


362 




University of Wisconsin, Madison 


18,601 


14,836 


129 


1.683 


1,916 


37 




New York University 


17,890 


13,753 


301 


1,766 


2,069 




704 


Baylor College of Medicine 


17,472 


13,053 


282 


2,729 


1,408 






University of Rochester 


15,190 


10,861 


503 


1,651 


2,175 






Mount Sinai School of Medicine 


14,369 


11,713 


173 


1,525 


771 


187 




University of Southern California 


14,110 


7,822 


50 


5.418 


820 







"Rank based on total NIH support excluding construction, t Includes NRSA awards, other fellowships, and t 



36 



Table 21 
NIH RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS AND R&D CONTRACTS BY PRIMARY SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE OR FIELD, FISCAL YEARS 1971 AND 1975" 

(Dollars in thousands) 





1971 


1975 


Primary scientific discipline 


Research project grants? 


R&D contracts 


Research project grantsf 




R&D contract 




or lieldt 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Totalf 


10,907 


$413,694 


100.0% 


1,167 


S143.047 


100.0% 


12,960 


S679.727 


100 0% 


2,065 


$389,683 


100.0% 


Biological sciences 


5,143 


195,166 


47.2 


335 


37,490 


26.2 


6,267 


321,862 


47,4 


498 


101,707 


26,1 


Anatomy 


256 


7,537 


1.8 


11 


561 


0,4 


226 


10,629 


1.6 


2 


247 


0.1 


Biochemistry 


2,243 


82,362 


19.9 


61 


6,491 


4.5 


2.612 


132,697 


19.5 


73 


14,431 


3.7 


Cell biology 


274 


10,174 


2.5 


18 


2,365 


1.7 


352 


17,884 


2.6 


47 


6,268 


1.6 


Embryology and development 


107 


3,138 


0.8 


4 


120 


0.1 


127 


6,546 


1.0 


1 


5 


i 


Genetics 


512 


21,395 


5.2 


12 


1,984 


1.4 


764 


39,475 


5,8 


37 


6,748 


17 


Immunology 


573 


23,270 


5.6 


73 


7,101 


5.0 


871 


48,232 


7.1 


206 


21,939 


5.6 


Microbiology and parasitology 


700 


27,803 


6.7 


66 


12,474 


8.7 


748 


38,196 


5.6 


86 


46,072 


11,8 


Reproduction, growth and development 


127 


4,775 


1.2 


88 


6,313 


4.4 


214 


10,450 


1.5 


43 


3,830 


1.0 


Structural chemistry of biopolymers 


351 


14,712 


3.6 


2 


81 


0.1 


353 


17.753 


2.6 


3 


2.167 


0,6 


Clinical medicine 


1,422 


59,982 


14.5 


168 


28,163 


19.7 


1,646 


95,230 


14.0 


406 


69,458 


17,8 


Hematology 


190 


7,628 


1.8 


6 


404 


0.3 


204 


11.726 


1.7 


31 


3,015 


0,8 


Oncology 


42 


2,299 


0.6 


70 


16.462 


11.5 


212 


14.725 


2.2 


115 


27,406 


70 


Pathology 


471 


24.121 


6.8 


20 


1,839 


1.3 


452 


27,566 


4.1 


72 


11,400 


2.9 


Transplantation 


97 


4.298 


1.0 


15 


1,180 


0.8 


93 


5,895 


0.9 


18 


1,181 


0.3 


Other 


622 


21,636 


5.2 


57 


8,278 


5.8 


685 


35,318 


5.2 


170 


26.456 


68 



'Excludes NLM, tBroad groupings follow OMB and NSF < 
scientific discipline or field. ^Less than 0.05 percent. 



^Includes RCPAs. Excludes program project and c 



Table 21 'Com 
NIH RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS AND R&D CONTRACTS BY PRIMARY SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE OR FIELD. FISCAL YEARS 1971 AND 1975' 

(Dollars in thousands) 



37 









1971 






1975 


Primary scientific discipline 


Rese 


arch project grantsf 




R8.D contracts 




Research project grantsf 


R&D contracts 


or fieldt 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Percent 


Other medical sciences 


3.161 


$111,411 


26.9% 


205 


S 29,328 


20.5% 


3.391 


S174.330 


25,6% 


413 


S 77,735 


19.9% 


Biology not elsewhere classified 


97 


3,848 


0.9 


3 


367 


0.3 


165 


8,474 


1.2 


2 


81 


f 


Nutrition 


206 


7,697 


1.9 


10 


1.308 


0.9 


199 


10,369 


1.5 


5 


1,083 


0.3 


Pharmacology 


657 


19,040 


4.6 


135 


20,258 


14.2 


756 


39.792 


5.9 


233 


47,270 


12.1 


Physiology 


2.259 


79,575 


19.2 


57 


7,396 


6.2 


2.225 


113,240 


16.7 


170 


28.752 


7.4 


Other 


43 


1,251 


0.3 


- ' 






46 


2.455 


0.4 


3 


549 


0.1 


Psychology 


216 


8,033 


1.9 


8 


908 


0.6 


240 


1 1 .643 


1.7 


12 


1,725 


0.4 


Chemistry 


590 


20,682 


5.0 


54 


4.879 


3.4 


702 


31.383 


4.6 


91 


11.319 


2.9 


Physics 


8 


231 


1 


1 


52 


i 


11 


981 


0.1 








Environmental health sciences 


16 


491 


0,1 


7 


578 


0.4 


12 


766 


0,1 


13 


1.381 


0.4 


Mathematics 


82 


3,952 


1.0 


50 


8,456 


5.9 


149 


9.196 


1.4 


76 


13.247 


3.4 


Bioengmeering and instrumentation 


163 


8,285 


2.0 


122 


11.881 


8.3 


268 


15.964 


2.3 


128 


20,281 


5.2 


Social sciences 


66 


3,110 


0.8 


29 


2.116 


1.5 


125 


6.400 


0.9 


34 


3,888 


1.0 


Other sciences 


41 


2,352 


0.6 


188 


19,196 


13.4 


149 


11.972 


1.8 


394 


88,941 


22,8 


Information, communication science 


27 


1,796 


0.4 


59 


6,289 


4.4 


73 


3.653 


0.5 


180 


35,073 


90 


Health sciences and services 


8 


233 


0.1 


12 


1,612 


1.1 


62 


7.474 


1.1 


56 


14.082 


3.6 


Animal production and facilities 


3 


156 


f 


39 


3,494 


2.4 


9 


638 


0.1 


69 


14,859 


3,8 


B.ologicals resources 


3 


167 


i 


78 


7.801 


5.5 


5 


207 


f 


89 


24.927 


6.4 



t beginning of table. 



38 



Figure 10 
IMIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE, FISCAL YEARS 1967-1975* 



10,000 



NUMBER OF AWARDS 



8,000- 



6,000 



4,000 



2,000 - 



CONTINUATION 



>-./ 




$800 



600 



400 



DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



CONTINUATION 



v.-- 







69 70 71 72 73 74 75 '67 '68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 75 



•Excludes NLM. Includes research career program awards. All GRS programs (except Minority Biomedical Support Grants) are included un 



39 





Total 


Competing grants 


Noncompeting grants 


Kind of 


New 


Renewal 


Supplemental 


Continuation 


Supple 


nental 


funding mechanism 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Numbert 


Amount 


Total 


14,721 


$1,145,991 


3,408 


S217.680 


1,963 S189.563 


205 


$7,491 


8.470 


$719,806 


675 


$11,451 


Research projects 


12,018 


652,793 


2,914 


151.455 


1.833 126.814 


145 


3,305 


6.558 


364,174 


568 


7.046 


Traditional 


11,251 


599,486 


2,609 


133,914 


1,680 110,431 


133 


2,964 


6.304 


346,788 


525 


5,389 


Chemotherapy and psychopharmacology 


260 


21,167 


20 


1.477 


116 11,372 


3 


64 


86 


6.752 


35 


1,503 


National organ site projects 


155 


11,171 


52 


3,133 


11 974 


7 


233 


83 


6.811 


2 


21 


Other 


352 


20,969 


233 


12,930 


26 4,038 


2 


45 


85 


3.823 


6 


134 


Research career program awards 


1,109 


26,934 


330 


7,632 


- 


5 


84 


752 


19.297 


22 


23 


Program projects and centers 


1,051 


415,770 


157 . 


67.511 


130 62,749 


48 


3.765 


643 


287,407 


73 


4,337 


Research program projects 


638 


244.098 


109 


36,587 


78 34,460 


30 


2.649 


374 


167,748 


47 


2.654 


General clinical research centers 


84 


42,297 


1 


1,237 


26 16.209 






57 


24.851 






Specialized centers of research 


76 


36.677 


11 


9,212 




11 


712 


53 


26.730 


1 


22 


Categorical clinical research centers 


51 


33.014 






8 5.560 


2 


133 


33 


26.335 


8 


987 


Animal resources 


84 


16.618 


25 


2.623 


6 1,891 


1 


11 


46 


12.011 


6 


82 


Biotechnology resources 


47 


10,864 


6 


2.554 


9 1,518 






28 


6.562 


4 


230 


Sickle cell centers 


20 


7.418 








4 


260 


15 


7.142 


1 


17 


Dental research institute program 


5 


7.036 






1 1,397 






4 


5.639 






Pharmacology-toxicology centers 


11 


5,853 






1 426 






8 


5.204 


2 


222 


Other 


35 


11,896 


5 


5.299 


1 1,288 






25 


5.186 


4 


122 


General research support programs 


543 


50,494 


7 


1.182 




7 


338 


517 


48.928 


12 


45 


General research support grants 


340 


37,116 












340 


37,116 






Minority biomedical support grants 


82 


7,663 


7 


1,182 




7 


338 


56 


6.097 


12 


45 


Biomedical sciences support grants 


121 


5,715 












121 


5.715 







s NLM. tEach suppler 



40 



^ COMPETING AND NONCOMPETING RESEARCH GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL > 



NCI 

NICHO&NIA 
NIDR 
NIEHS 
NEI 



Competing Noncompating 



Competing Noncompetini 



Competing Noncompetmg 



Percent of total 
Competing Noncompeting 



8 


37 


6 


42 


1 


42 


8 


28 


1 


34 


3 


37 





34 





63 
16 



Figure 11 

NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS REVIEWED, 

APPROVED BY COUNCILS, AND AWARDED, FISCAL YEARS 1967-1975* 



41 



NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS 



DOLLARS IN MILLIONS 



~l r 



REVIEWED ****•*«.»«>»* 

<> — _ _\ ^** 



COUNCIL APPROVED 
\ 




I I I I I I I 

'68 '69 70 71 72 73 74 

> RCPAs. and exclude N LM. originals of amended applicalions. and applic 





1 ■" 7 !"" 1 1 


1 


1 

4 








/ 








/- 
/ 

/ 
/ 




REVIEWED S 
>' 


.-'' 








******" 












COUNCIL-APPROVED .,.••"■•• 


,. 






\ 






..... 


■ ■ ' """ j ^*^*"^"~~ 


1 


1 




V AWARDED 





'67 '68 '69 70 

irded with budge! periods of 24 months or more 



71 72 73 74 75 



42 



Table 24 
COUNCIL APPROVAL RATES AND AWARD RATES FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, 

FISCAL YEARS 1967 AND 1975* 



NIH 
component 



Reviewed by 
councils? 



1967 1975 



Percent approved 
by councils^ 



Percent of council 
approvals awarded 



Amount (in thousands of dollars)t 



Requested in 

reviewed applications-; 



Percent approved 
by councils^ 



Percent of council 
approvals awarded m 



1975 — 

► I, 



Total 

NIAID 

NIAMDD 

NCI 

NICHD&NIA 

NIDR 

NIEHS 

NEI 

NIGMS 

NHLI 

NINCDS 

DRR 

FIC 



8,420 11,403 



896 
1,642 

830 

778 

243 

76 

1,462 

1,270 

1,063 

86 

74 



979 

1,354 

2,334 

1,349 

397 

228 

349 

1,439 

1,700 

1,105 

169 



70.9 
66.1 
60.8 
53.9 
53.1 
65.8 

73.0 
61.1 
69.7 
70.9 
89.2 



73.6% 

82.6 
77.1 
72.2 
64.0 
62,7 
67.1 
89.7 
81.7 
68.5 
74.5 
68.6 



85.7 
83.0 
81.8 
81.1 
83.7 
90.0 

63.6 
86.5 
93.5 
82.0 
97.0 



65.5% 

54.0 
64.1 
72.6 
61.3 
77.5 
62.7 
78.6 
64.5 
59.0 
69.4 
75.9 



326,964 $900,676 

26,186 47,958 

50,944 83,172 

38,213 218,989 

30,013 75,271 

11,101 17,537 

4,880 14,392 
16,557 

60,071 80,481 

52,526 233,750 

33,747 61,199 

19,061 51,370 
222 



55.2% 48.3% 



64.7 
58.0 
52.2 
43.3 
59.3 
44.4 

56.5 
50.7 
59.4 
60.8 
98.5 



67.2 
54.8 
47.2 
51.3 
56.0 
54.8 
71.0 
59.3 
31.6 
55.7 
59.1 



84.4 
85.9 
81.1 
77.0 
94.6 

72.2 
88.0 
90.9 
77.7 
90.9 



"Includes RCPAs. Excludes NLM, originals of amended applications, and applications awarded with budget periods of 24 months or more, 
f Excludes applications withdrawn prior to council review. ^Includes applications withdrawn subsequent to council review. 



tDirect cost only 



Table 25 
NUMBER OF NIH RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS BY NIH COMPONENT AND ACADEMIC LEVEL, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1975" 



43 





1971 


1972 


1973 


1974t 


1975f 




Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


Pre- 


Postdoctoral 


NIH 


Pro Aca- 


Pro- Aca- 


Pro- Aca- 


Pro- Acs- 


Pro- Aca- 


component 


doctoral 


fessional^ demicl 


doctoral 


fessional^ demicl 


doctoral 


fessionaltf demicll 


doctoral 


fessional^ demicll 


doctoral 


fessional^ demicll 


Total 


788 


674 1,256 


350 


646 1,268 


191 


337 705 


113 


616 1,538 


106 


434 1,516 


NIAID 


1 


30 65 




34 61 




11 30 


1 


42 69 


3 


44 164 


NIAMDD 


1 


97 124 


2 


89 124 


1 


38 84 


1 


102 190 


3 


69 119 


NCI 




36 155 




34 163 




25 66 




84 321 


47 


47 279 


NICHO&NIA 


4 


26 68 


2 


31 56 




15 29 


1 


52 147 


11 


24 93 


NIDR 


5 


51 12 


4 


45 15 


1 


28 9 


1 


32 38 




26 32 


NIEHS 


2 


3 7 


2 


2 8 




1 2 




2 40 




2 29 


NEI 




29 36 


6 


38 63 


3 


14 40 




31 73 




17 57 


NIGMS 


765 


70 523 


328 


49 502 


183 


31 306 


102 


26 279 


36 


22 349 


NHLI 


6 


65 86 


3 


51 91 


3 


27 41 


5 


70 127 


3 


64 135 


N1NCDS 


2 


150 147 


2 


142 131 




73 70 


1 


48 192 




19 210 


DRR 


1 


11 


1 


9 2 




3 1 




9 3 




2 


FIC 


1 


104 33 




122 52 




71 27 


1 


119 59 


3 


98 49 



'Represents number of awards, not number of persons. Excludes NLM. tExcludes institutional fellowships awarded prior to NRSA (treated in awards data as training grants), f Excludes instil 
tional fellowships, ^Holders of the M.D. or equivalent professional doctorate (D.D.S., D.V.M., etc.) including those holding both professional and academic degrees. ||Holders of the Ph.D. 
equivalent academic doctorate (D.Sc, D.P.H., D.Eng., etc.). 



44 





1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975t 




Pre- 
doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


Pre 
doctoral 


Poitdoctoral 


Pra- 
doctoral 


Poitdoctoral 


Pra- 

doctoral 


Poitdoctoral 


p™- 

doctoral 


Postdoctoral 


NIH 

component 


Pro- Ac* 

fessionalf demtcf 


Pro- Aca- 
fassionalf domic* 


Pro- Aca- 

feMionalf dem.ct 


Pro- Aea- 

ftitlonajf dtmic*' 


Pro- Aca- 

feuionalf demic*" 















Fu 


lltime train 


Mill 
















Total 


6.066 


3,019 


894 


6,177 


3.037 


983 


6,173 


2,861 


9S6 


5,066 


2,738 


746 


6,774 


2,338 


760 


NIAIO 


444 


166 


89 


489 


173 


104 


487 


161 


110 


382 


147 


91 


381 


110 


74 


NIAMDD 


62 


612 


102 


53 


613 


103 


59 


600 


94 


40 


668 


67 


38 


400 


61 


NCI 


206 


238 


108 


220 


273 


102 


255 


322 


127 


216 


313 


106 


275 


335 


103 


NICHD 


568 


111 


123 


596 


101 


137 


584 


102 


131 


389 


78 


85 


576 


95 


88 


NIDR 


132 


172 


17 


139 


161 


16 


121 


146 


13 


100 


121 


10 


96 


116 


16 


NIEHS 


276 


14 


24 


269 


15 


32 


205 


11 


35 


162 


7 


18 


134 


2 


15 


NEI 


1 


109 


2 


1 


68 


4 


4 


66 


13 


7 


68 


13 


27 


67 


19 


NIGMS 


4,093 


568 


276 


4,142 


523 


303 


4,186 


436 


297 


3,528 


356 


203 


3,958 


285 


224 


NHLI 


198 


509 


77 


179 


577 


100 


176 


686 


93 


168 


581 


78 


182 


516 


98 


NINCDS 


97 


509 


76 


90 


508 


82 


96 


508 


82 


85 


486 


76 


107 


395 


63 


DRR 




22 






2E 






23 






13 






17 





Total 


3.536 


1.033 


604 


3.172 


820 


662 


2,769 


859 


664 


1,969 


637 


403 


2.018 


568 


603 


NIAIO 


301 


56 


54 


291 


41 


83 


264 


36 


99 


174 


22 


41 


194 


35 


76 


NIAMDD 


215 


119 


42 


191 


99 


36 


111 


89 


43 


15 


54 


17 


13 


67 


29 


NCI 


523 


127 


50 


489 


107 


65 


425 


120 


74 


175 


63 


45 


255 


66 


64 


NICHD 


212 


42 


66 


246 


36 


63 


194 


24 


52 


127 


7 


43 


164 


17 


48 


NIDR 


211 


50 


13 


193 




20 


152 


52 


15 


36 


26 


11 


58 


32 


14 


NIEHS 


129 


5 


23 


113 


3 


32 


63 


3 


23 


43 




21 


64 


1 


5 


NEI 


14 


140 


2 


7 


128 


2 


10 


104 


5 


9 


71 


5 


17 


52 


3 


NIGMS 


1,261 


158 


256 


1,110 


118 


266 


1,118 


113 


217 


1.174 


87 


160 


990 


88 


207 


NHLI 


477 


149 


62 


369 


141 


57 


318 


142 


70 


146 


69 


29 


196 


97 


26 


NINCDS 


192 


161 


36 


162 


189 


38 


114 


170 


66 


69 


136 


31 


66 


106 


31 


DRR 


1 


6 




1 


7 






6 




1 


3 




1 


5 





'Training in FY s 
NRSA. fHoldi 
Ph.D. or equival 



iwn, but paid from the previous year's funds. tContains trainees funded from FY 1973/74 released funds. Contains 142 fellows under the inst 
of the M.D. or equivalent professional doctorate, including those holding both professional and academic degrees ( 109 in FY 1975, 82 full-time 
t academic doctorate. ||ln training 100 percent of the time for at least 8 months. Oln training less than 100 percent of the time or less than I 



tutional fellowsh 
and 27 part-time 
months of the fi 



ips awarded c 
). ^Holderi 
seal year . 



Table 27 
NIH PERSONNEL BY TYPE OF OCCUPATION, SEPTEMBER 30, 1969-1975 - 



45 





1969 


1970 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


Type of occupation! 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


"* 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


12.037 


100,0% 


11.993 


100.0% 


12,382 


100.0% 


12,495 


100.0% 


12.662 


100.0% 


12,175 


100.0% 


12,648 


100.0% 


Total-permanent full-time 


11,201 


93 1 


11.002 


91 7 


11,309 


91 3 


11.122 


89.0 


11,120 


87.8 


10.566 


86.8 


10,713 


84.7 


rofessional & scientific*. 


4,030 


100.0 


4,064 


100 


4,151 


100.0 


4.231 


100.0 


4.369 


1000 


4,163 


100.0 


4.316 


100.0 


Permanent full-time 


3,824 


94.9 


3,828 


94.2 


3,919 


944 


3,896 


92.1 


3.982 


91.1 


3,805 


91 4 


3.925 


909 


Other 


206 


5.1 


236 


5.8 


232 


5.6 


335 


7.9 


387 


8.9 


358 


86 


391 


9.1 


sub-professional & tech- support 


1,957 


100.0 


1,938 


100.0 


1,991 


100.0 


1.915 


100.0 


1,967 


100 


2,074 


100.0 


2.139 


100 


Permanent full-time 


1.833 


93.7 


1,773 


91.5 


1,779 


89 4 


1.663 


86.8 


1,640 


83.4 


1.668 


804 


1,631 


76.3 


Other 


124 


6.3 


165 


85 


212 


10.6 


252 


13.2 


327 


166 


406 


19.6 


508 


23,7 


*.dmin„ clerical, & office services 


4,611 


100.0 


4.619 


100.0 


4,876 


100 


5,071 


100.0 


5,062 


100.0 


4.605 


100.0 


4,833 


100 


Permanent full-time 


4,124 


89.4 


4.067 


88.0 


4,278 


87.8 


4,314 


85.1 


4,284 


846 


3,861 


838 


3.919 


81.1 


Other 


487 


10.6 


562 


12,0 


597 


12.2 


757 


14.9 


778 


15.4 


744 


16.2 


914 


189 


lant operation & maintenance 


1,439 


100 


1.372 


100 


1,365 


100.0 


1,278 


100 


1,264 


1000 


1,333 


1000 


1.360 


100 


Permanent full-time 


1,420 


987 


1.334 


97.2 


1,333 


977 


1,249 


97.7 


1,214 


96.0 


1,232 


92.4 


1,238 


91 


Other 


19 


1.3 


38 


28 


32 


2.3 


29 


2.3 


50 


40 


101 


76 


122 


9.0 



'Excludes 
staff fellc 



xempt from ceilings, and those in non-pay status tBased c 



46 



Figure 12 
NIH PERMANENT FULL-TIME PERSONNEL BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNCTION 

JUNE 30, 1968 AND 1975* 



706 587 633 556 1.4531.849 405 522 301 269 169 240 732 662 207 143 619 691 148 66 553 506 5,0654.602 



MANAGEMENT 
& SUPPORT 



INTRAMURAL 
RESEARCH 




.personnel exempt from ceilings, and those in non pay status. tCC. DCRT. DRG, DRS, and OO 















Table 28 














47 


a 








NIH PERSONNEL BY NIH COMPONENT AND PAY SYSTEM. SEPTEMBER 30. 1975- 












NIH 
component 


Total 






Permanent full- 


ime 




Other than 


permanent full-time 






Total 


Civil servicet 


officer 


Staff fellows 
and visiting 


Total 


Temporary 
full- timet. 


Regular 


Intermittent!! 


Ceil 


ne- 


General Wage 
schedule system 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number Percent 


GS 


ws 


Total 


12,216 


100% 


10,616 


86.9% 


7.758 1.400 


1.030 


428 


1,600 13.1% 


253 


633 


245 


347 


122 


NIAID 


617 


100 


572 


92.7 


383 66 


121 


12 


45 7.3 


3 


15 


6 


7 


14 


NIAMOO 


601 


100 


545 


907 


382 10 


77 


76 


56 9.3 


15 


27 




4 


10 


NCI 


2,120 


100 


1,840 


86.8 


1,390 55 


299 


96 


280 13.2 


51 


107 


27 


55 


40 


NICHD8. NIA< 


636 : 


100 


536 


84,3 


384 17 


76 


59 


100 15.7 


15 


33 


3 


49 




NIDR 


362 


100 


268 


740 


194 


42 


32 


94 26.0 


13 


41 


31 


9 




NIEHS 


340 


100 


233 


68.5 


169 25 


12 27 


107 31.5 


13 


28 


6 


51 


9 


NEI 


137 


100 


123 


898 


103 


9 


11 


14 10.2 


2 


9 




3 




NIGMS 


147 


100 


143 


97,3 


121 


13 


9 


4 2.7 




3 


1 






NHLI 


816 


100 


669 


82.0 


487 15 


118 


49 


147 18.0 


12 


78 


26 


25 


6 


NINCDS 


618 


100 


523 


84.6 


408 9 


54 


52 


95 15.4 


20 


39 


8 


26 


2 


DRR 


79 


100 


66 


83 5 


59 


7 




13 16 4 


1 


7 




5 




FIC 


58 


100 


45 


77.6 


42 


3 




13 22,4 


1 


9 


3 






NLM 


554 


100 


457 


825 


442 5 


10 


97 17.5 


28 


35 


5 


29 




Other 


5,131 


100 


4,596 


896 


3.194 1,208 


189 5 


535 10.4 


79 


202 


129 


84 


41 


CC 


1,786 


100 


1.514 


848 


1,033 345 


132 4 


272 15.2 


32 


92 


120 


26 


2 


DCRT 


282 


100 


263 


933 


249 


13 1 


19 6.7 


2 


12 


2 


3 




DRG 


390 


100 


370 


94.9 


364 


6 


20 5.1 


9 


■ 10 




1 




DRS 


594 


too 


543 


91 4 


343 172 


28 


51 8.6 


5 


13 


4 


23 


6 


OD 


2,079 


100 


1.906 


91.7 


1,205 691 


10 


173 8.3 


31 


75 


3 


31 


33 



614 GS, 16 WS, 



(173GS. 30WS.48S 



48 



Table 29 
NIH PERMANENT FULLTIME STAFF WITH DOCTORAL DEGREES, BY TYPE OF DOCTORATE, SEPTEMBER 30, 1969-1975* 



Type of doctorate 



(M.D.s with other doctorates) 



Ph.D 



Biological 
Physical 
Behavioral 
Other 



D.D.S. 

D. Educ. 

D. Eng. 

D.M.D. 

D.N.Sc. 

D.P.H. 

D.Sc. 

D.V.M. 

Pharm.D. 

O.D. 

Other 



2,108 



2,167 



1,060 


1,033 


1,059 


1,054 


973 


940 


974 




(108) 


(107) 


(120) 


(118) 


(116) 


(104) 


(1231 1) 


805 


839 


874 


934 


999 


1,029 


1,041 




534 


554 


575 


589 


630 


658 


710 




169 


169 


176 


212 


220 


195 


203 




48 


53 


56 


58 


63 


49 


52 




54 


63 


67 


75 


86 


127 


76 




113 


113 


111 


101 


103 


47 


50 




6 


6 


5 


5 


6 




2 






1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 




12 


11 


8 


8 


8 


3 


5 
3 
2 






2 


3 


2 


2 


1 




21 


22 


26 


25 


21 


22 


20 




55 


56 


67 


65 


60 


57 


59 




1 
1 


1 

1 


1 
1 


2 

1 


2 

1 


2 
2 


2 
3 




2 


5 


4 


4 


3 


3 


3 





*Excludes consultants and members of councils. Includes personnel exempt from ceilings and those in non-pay status. 



49 
CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE 

DEVELOPMENT OF NIH PROGRAMS 

Research laboratory founded at Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., to meet new responsibilities of Marine 
Hospital Service. 

Hygienic Laboratory moves from Staten Island to Service headquarters, Washington, D.C. 

Advisory Board for the Hygienic Laboratory established; later to become National Advisory Health Council. 
Act of Congress makes Service responsible for biologies control. 

Name of Public Health & Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health Service (PHS). 

Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Institute of Health (NIH) under the Ransdell Act, 5/26. 

Congress authorizes National Cancer Institute (NCI), 8/15. First research grants. 

National Institute of Health moves to land donated by Mr. and Mrs. Luke I. Wilson at Bethesda, Md. First 
research fellowships (NCI). 

Public Health Service Act, giving general research authority, 7/1. 

Research grants extended, with central NIH responsibility. 

Division of Research Grants (DRG) established to review and evaluate applications for NIH grants to 
non-Federal institutions and scientists. 

First training grants (NCI). DRG starts research fellowship program. 



50 



4 



1948 National Heart Institute authorized; other laboratories regrouped to form National Microbiological Institute 
(NMI), Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute (EBMI), and National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR). 
NIH becomes National Institutes of Health (NIH), 6/16. 

1949 Mental hygiene program of Public Health Service transferred to NIH and expanded to become National 
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). 

1950 "Omnibus Medical Research Act," 8/15. National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Blindness (NINDB) and 
National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD) established, the latter absorbing EBMI. 

1953 Public Health Service becomes a constituent of newly created Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
(DHEW). Clinical Center opens. 

1955 NMI becomes National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Division of Biologies Standards 
formed, assuming NMI's biologies control function. Division of Research Services (DRS) created. 

1956 Health Research Facilities Act, authorizing program of matching grants for research construction in 
non-Federal institutions. 

1958 Division of General Medical Sciences (DGMS) created. 

1960 PHS Act amended to provide for general support of research and research training programs in nonprofit 
institutions. International Health Research Act extends NIH international programs. 

1962 Division of Research Facilities & Resources (DRFR) formed. National Library of Medicine (NLM), constituent 
of PHS since 1956, moves to NIH reservation. 



51 

Two Institutes (authorized in 1962) established — National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 
superseding DGMS, and National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD). 

Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT) established. 

Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) created to administer the "Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke 
Amendments of 1965." 

Division of Environmental Health Sciences (DEHS) established. 

National Institute of Mental Health becomes separate bureau of PHS, 1/1. 

John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) established. National 
Eye Institute (NEI) created. NINDB becomes National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Stroke (NINDS). 

PHS reorganized under Assistant Secretary for Health & Scientific Affairs, DHEW. Bureau of Health 
Manpower (BHM), formed in PHS the previous year, and NLM become constituents of NIH, 4/1. DRMP 
transferred to new Health Services & Mental Health Administration, PHS. Lister Hill National Center for 
Biomedical Communications established at NLM. 

DEHS becomes National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). National Heart Institute 
renamed National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI). 

Family Planning Services and Population Research Act. 

National Cancer Program established. Sickle Cell Disease Program initiated in NHLI. 



52 

■ 

1972 NIAMD becomes National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & Digestive Diseases (NIAMDD). National Heart, 
Blood Vessel, Lung, & Blood Disease Program established. Division of Biologies Standards transferred to Food 
& Drug Administration (FDA-PHS), where it becomes Bureau of Biologies, 7/1. NCI and NHLI gain bureau 
status within NIH. National Cooley's Anemia Control Act. 

1973 PHS reorganization establishes new agencies: Health Resources Administration (HRA), Health Services Admin- 
istration (HSA), Center for Disease Control (CDC), and Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health Administration 
(ADAMHA). Bureau of Health Manpower Education (BHME, formerly BHM) transferred to HRA, 7/1. See 
current organization chart, page i. 

1974 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act. National Institute on Aging (NIA) established, 5/31. National Research 
Act revises research training authority and establishes national commission for protection of human subjects. 
National Diabetes Mellitus Research & Education Act. 

1975 National Arthritis Act. NINDS becomes National Institute of Neurological & Communicative Disorders & 
Stroke (NINCDS). 



ABBREVIATIONS 



53 



AEC — Atomic Energy Commission 

ADAMHA - Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health 

Administration 
A & S — arts & sciences 
BHM — Bureau of Health Manpower 
BHME — Bureau of Health Manpower Education 
CC - Clinical Center 
CDC — Center for Disease Control 
DBS — Division of Biologies Standards 
DCRT — Division of Computer Research & Technology 
DEHS — Division of Environmental Health Sciences 
DGMS — Division of General Medical Sciences 
DHEW - Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
DLA — Division of Legislative Analysis 
DoD — Department of Defense 
DRFR — Division of Research Facilities & Resources 
DRG — Division of Research Grants 
DRMP — Division of Regional Medical Programs 
DRR — Division of Research Resources 



DRS — Division of Research Services 

EBMI — Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 

ED — Engineering Division 

ERDA - Energy Research & Development Administration 

FDA — Food & Drug Administration 

FIC — John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced 

Study in the Health Sciences 
FY — fiscal year (July 1 - June 30) 
GNP - Gross National Product 
GRS — General Research Support Program 
HRA - Health Resources Administration 
HRF — Health Research Facilities construction program 
HSA — Health Services Administration 
HSMHA - Health Services& Mental Health Administration 
l/RD — Institutes & Research Divisions 
NA — not available 

NASA — National Aeronautics & Space Administration 
NBS — National Bureau of Standards 
NCI — National Cancer Institute 



54 



IMEI — National Eye Institute 

NHI - National Heart Institute 

NHLI - National Heart & Lung Institute 

IMIA — National Institute on Aging 

NIAID — National Institute of Allergy & Infectious 

Diseases 
NIAMD - National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic 

Diseases 
NIAMDD - National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & 

Digestive Diseases 
NICHD - National Institute of Child Health & Human 

Development 
NIDR - National Institute of Dental Research 
NIEHS — National Institute of Environmental Health 

Sciences 
NIGMS — National Institute of General Medical Sciences 
NIH — National Institute of Health or National Institutes 

of Health 



IMIMH - National Institute of Mental Health 

NINCDS - National Institute of Neurological & Commu 

nicative Disorders & Stroke 
NINDB - National Institute of Neurological Diseases & 

Blindness 
NINDS - National Institute of Neurological Disease & 

Stroke 
NLM - National Library of Medicine 
NMI - National Microbiological Institute 
NRSA — National Research Service Awards 
NSF — National Science Foundation 
OA - Office of Administration, NIH 
OD - Office of the Director, NIH 
OPPE - Office of Program Planning & Evaluation, NIH 
PHS - Public Health Service 
RCPAs — Research Career Program Awards 
R&D — research & development 
SRS — Social Rehabilitation Service 
SSA — Social Security Administration 



55 



Abbreviations 53-54 

Appropriations. See Table 30 below. 
Awards. See Table 30. 

Chronology 49-52 

Constant dollars. See Table 30. 

Contents iv-vi 

Deflators 

Biomedical R&D 4, 14-15 

GNP 14 

Direct operations. See Table 30. 

Disability, U.S 9 

Foreign currency program 18 

Funding mechanism. See Table 30. 

Health cost, national 1 

Health R&D cost 1 

Federal, by agency 5-6 

NIH 4-6, 18 

National 

By performer 2-3 

By source 2-4, 6 



Pages 

H istory 49-52 

Hospital discharges, U.S 8 

Institutions receiving NIH support 26-27, 31, 35 

Intramural. See Table 30, Direct operations. 

Limitation of activity, U.S 9 

Medical schools 28, 32-35 

Morbidity, U.S 8-9 

Mortality, U.S 7 

National Research Service Awards. 

See Table 30, Fellowships. 
Obligations. See Table 30. 

Organization of PHS and NIH Frontispiece 

Personnel, NIH 45-48 

Programs transferred out of NIH iii, 49-52 

R&D cost, national 1 

Technical note iii 

Trainees 44 



56 



Table 30 
INDEX BY FUNDING MECHANISM 



Funding mechanism 



Appropriations 



Obligations 



Awards 



Construction programs 

By l/RD, 1975 16 20 

By performer, 1975 26, 31-32, 34-36 

By State, 1975 21-23 

Time series 10-11 12-14 19 

Contracts, R&D 

By l/RD 16 20, 25, 29 

By performer 26, 29-32, 34-35 

By scientific discipline, 1975 36-37 

By State, 1975 21-23 



Time series 



11 13-14, 18 19, 24-25, 29-30, 34, 36-37 



Constant dollars, time series 4, 14-16 

Control programs (NCI I 11 14,18 . 



.(incl. with res. grants & 
contracts) 



Direct operations (intramural) 

Biometry, epid., & field studies 16 

Collaborative res. & support 10-11 12-14, 16 

Direct research, other 10-11 12-14 

International center 16 

Intramural research 10-11 12-14, 16, 18 

Laboratory & clinical research 10-11 12-14, 16 

Management & services 10-11 12-14, 16 



National Library of Medicir 



11 



14 



17 19-23, 27, 31, 33-35 



(Continue* 



57 

Table 30 
INDEX BY FUNDING MECHANISM (Cont.) 



Funding mechanism 



Research career programs 

By l/RD, 1975 16 20 

By performer, 1975 26. 31-32. 34-35 

By State, 1975 21-23 

By type 39 

Time series 10-11 13-14 19, 34 

Research grants 

Applications, competing 

Award rates 42 

Council-approved rates 42 

Reviewed, approved, awarded 41-42 

By l/RD 16 20, 25 

By l/RD & type 40 

By kind of funding mechanism & type, 1975 39 

By performer 26, 28, 30-32, 34-35 

By scientific discipline, 1974-75 36-37 

By State, 1975 21-23 

By type, time series 38 

Centers, resources, & other grants 10-11 13-14, 16 

General research support programs 10-11 13-14 20, 24-25, 39 

Program project & center grants 24-25, 39 

Regular grants 10-11 12-14, 16 

Research project grants 24-25, 36-37, 39 



58 



Table 30 
INDEX BY FUNDING MECHANISM (Cont.) 



Funding mechanism 



Time series 
Traditional i 



... 19, 24-25, 28, 30, 34, 36-38, 40-42 



arch project grants 39 



Research training programs 

Aggregate 

Grants 

By l/RD, 1975 

By performer, 1975 . . 

By State, 1975 

Time series 

Trainees 

Fellowships 

By l/RD & academic le 

By l/RD, 1975 

By performer, 1975 . . 

By State, 1975 

NRSA 

Time series 

Traineeships 



10-11 12-14 



16 



27,33 
21-23 



43 



20 



10-11 
10-11 



27, 33 

21-23 

20,21-23,27,33 

12-14 19,43 

12-14 19 



S 9? 



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